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Perfect passive participle of sallō (to salt), from earlier *saldō. The phonetic development is *sald-tos > *salssos.[1]



salsus (feminine salsa, neuter salsum, adverb salsē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. salty, briny
  2. (figuratively) sharp, witty


salsus (feminine salsa, neuter salsum); first/second-declension participle

  1. perfect participle of sallō (to salt): salted (seasoned with or preserved in salt)


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative salsus salsa salsum salsī salsae salsa
Genitive salsī salsae salsī salsōrum salsārum salsōrum
Dative salsō salsō salsīs
Accusative salsum salsam salsum salsōs salsās salsa
Ablative salsō salsā salsō salsīs
Vocative salse salsa salsum salsī salsae salsa

Derived terms[edit]


  • Asturian: salsa (saline water)
  • Catalan: salsa
  • French: sauce (see there for further descendants)
  • Galician: salsa
  • Italian: salso; salsa
  • Occitan: salsa
  • Portuguese: salsa (parsley)
  • Sicilian: sarsa, sassa, sausa
  • Spanish: salso; salsa (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Weiss, Michael L. (2009) Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin[1], Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, →ISBN, § II. A 16, page 172

Further reading[edit]

  • salsus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • salsus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • salsus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • salsus”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly