sod

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: SOD, SoD, sód, sød, soð, and sođ

English[edit]

Workers laying sod.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sod, sodde [attested since mid-15th c.], from Middle Dutch zoden (turf) or Middle Low German sôde, soede (turf), both related to Dutch zode (turf), German Sode (turf), Old Frisian sātha (sod), all being of uncertain ultimate origin.

Noun[edit]

sod (uncountable)

  1. (uncountable) That stratum of the surface of the soil which is filled with the roots of grass, or any portion of that surface; turf; sward.
    • 1746, William Collins, Ode written in the year 1746
      She there shall dress a sweeter sod / Than Fancy's feet have ever trod.
  2. Turf grown and cut specifically for the establishment of lawns.
    The landscapers rolled sod onto the bare earth and made a presentable lawn by nightfall.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sod (third-person singular simple present sods, present participle sodding, simple past and past participle sodded)

  1. To cover with sod.
    He sodded the worn areas twice a year.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From sodomite or sodomize, by shortening.

Noun[edit]

sod (plural sods)

  1. (Britain, vulgar) Sodomite; bugger.
  2. (Britain, slang, mildly pejorative, formerly considered vulgar) A person, usually male; often qualified with an adjective.
    You mean old sod!
    poor sod
    unlucky sod
    You silly sod
  3. (Britain, mildly vulgar) Any trifling amount, a bugger, a damn, a jot.
    I don’t care a sod.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

sod

  1. (Britain, vulgar) expression of surprise, contempt, outrage, disgust, boredom, frustration.

Verb[edit]

sod (third-person singular simple present sods, present participle sodding, simple past and past participle sodded)

  1. (transitive, Britain, slang, vulgar) Bugger; sodomize.
  2. (transitive, Britain, slang, vulgar) Damn, curse, confound.
    Sod him!, Sod it!, Sod that bastard!
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the Old English plural past tense, or a back-formation from the past participle sodden.

Verb[edit]

sod

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense of seethe
    1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Genesis 25:29:
    And Iacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and hee was faint.

Adjective[edit]

sod (comparative more sod, superlative most sod)

  1. (obsolete) Boiled.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , New York, 2001, p.223:
      Beer, if it be over-new, or over-stale, over-strong, or not sod, [] is most unwholesome, frets, and galls, etc.
  2. (Australia, of bread) Sodden; incompletely risen.
    sod damper

Noun[edit]

sod (plural sods)

  1. (Australia, colloquial) A damper (bread) which has failed to rise, remaining a flat lump.
    • 1954, Tom Ronan, Vision Splendid; quoted in Tom Burton, Words in Your Ear, Wakefield Press, 1999, →ISBN, page 120:
      And Mart the cook the shovel took / And swung the damper to and fro. / 'Another sod, so help me God, / That's fourteen in a flamin' row.

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

sod (plural sods)

  1. The rock dove.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Noun[edit]

sod m

  1. imbecile

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sót (soot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sod c (singular definite soden, not used in plural form)

  1. soot

Verb[edit]

sod

  1. imperative of sode

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian sodo, from Latin solidus. Doublet of solidu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sod (feminine singular soda, plural sodi)

  1. firm; steadfast

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse soð. Doublet of sodd.

Noun[edit]

sod n (definite singular sodet, indefinite plural sod, definite plural soda)

  1. boiling, bubbling
  2. broth
  3. meat soup

References[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sọ̑d m inan

  1. barrel

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. sód
gen. sing. sóda
singular dual plural
nominative sód sóda sódi
accusative sód sóda sóde
genitive sóda sódov sódov
dative sódu sódoma sódom
locative sódu sódih sódih
instrumental sódom sódoma sódi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. sód
gen. sing. sóda
singular dual plural
nominative sód sodôva sodôvi
accusative sód sodôva sodôve
genitive sóda sodôv sodôv
dative sódu sodôvoma sodôvom
locative sódu sodôvih sodôvih
instrumental sódom sodôvoma sodôvi

Further reading[edit]

  • sod”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

sod (nominative plural sods)

  1. sauce

Declension[edit]