stratum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin strātum (a spread for a bed, coverlet, quilt, blanket; a pillow, bolster; a bed), neuter singular of strātus, perfect passive participle of sternō (spread).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stratum (plural stratums or strata)

  1. One of several parallel horizontal layers of material arranged one on top of another.
  2. (geology) A layer of sedimentary rock having approximately the same composition throughout.
  3. Any of the regions of the atmosphere, such as the stratosphere, that occur as layers.
  4. (biology) A layer of tissue.
  5. A class of society composed of people with similar social, cultural, or economic status.
  6. (ecology) A layer of vegetation, usually of similar height.
  7. (computing) The level of accuracy of a computer's clock, relative to others on the network.
    • 2006, Roderick W. Smith, Linux Samba Server Administration
      Computers that synchronize themselves to the stratum 1 time servers are known as stratum 2 time servers if they allow others to synchronize to them, and so on.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (layer of material arranged one on top of another): tier
  • (layer of sedimentary rock): bed, layer

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From strātus, perfect passive participle of sternō (spread).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

strātum n (genitive strātī); second declension

  1. a bed-covering, coverlet, quilt, blanket
  2. a pillow, bolster
  3. a bed, couch
  4. a horse-blanket, saddle-cloth
  5. a pavement
  6. accusative singular of strātum
  7. vocative singular of strātum

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative strātum strāta
genitive strātī strātōrum
dative strātō strātīs
accusative strātum strāta
ablative strātō strātīs
vocative strātum strāta

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

strātum

  1. supine of sternō

References[edit]

  • stratum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stratum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “stratum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • stratum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a street, a made road: via strata
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • (ambiguous) all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro