-nya

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See also: nya, NYA, and nyā

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay -nya, from Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nya

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    Ini rumahnya.This is his / her / its house.

Usage notes[edit]

  • “-nya” as a third-person singular possessive (possession): “Budi mengambil uangnya di bank.” means "uang" is owned by Budi.
  • “-nya” as a third-person singular objective: “Budi menemaninya ke bank.” (active), or “Ani ditemaninya ke bank.” (passive). “-nya” works as a replacement of “Ani” in the former and “Budi” in the latter sentence.
  • “-nya” as a definite marker: “Budi, uangnya di mana?”. The definite marker means that the money in question is a specific money, not just any money. Similar to the definite article "the" in “Budi, where is the money?”
  • “-nya” as a possessed case: “Ini uangnya Budi, bukan uangnya Ani.”, “Uangnya Budi di mana?” considered redundant in standard grammar, but common in casual speech.
  • “-nya” as a verb nominalizer: “Kamu makannya jangan begitu.” The “-nya” here changes the verb “makan” into a noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-nya

  1. third person singular dative enclitic

Particle[edit]

-nya

  1. continuative aspect enclitic
    Laku-nggu-nya.
    I am going.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marian Klamer (2000) , “Continuative Aspect and the Dative Clitic in Kambera”, in Mark Campana, Ileana Paul, Vivianne Phillips, Lisa Travis, editors, Formal Issues in Austronesian Linguistics (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory; 49), Springer Netherlands, →ISBN, page 58

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nya (Jawi spelling )

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    rumahnyahis / her / its house

Usage notes[edit]

When used to address God, a capital letter and hyphen is used.

See also[edit]