See also: Appendix:Variations of "ma"
- 1 Hausa
- 2 Pitjantjatjara
- 3 Swahili
- 4 Tagalog
- 5 Zulu
- Used to form agentive nouns.
- Used to form nouns of place (locative nouns).
- Used to form instrumental nouns.
Each prefix forms a different template to which the noun must conform:
- Agentive nouns end in -ī in the masculine singular, -ìyā in the feminine singular, and -ā in the plural, and the root has low tone in the masculine and plural, but high tone in the feminine.
- Locative nouns end in -ā and are feminine, or uncommonly in -ī and are masculine, with all high tone in either case. There is rarely a plural form.
- Instrumental nouns end in -ī and are masculine, with plurals in -ai. The tones of the singular form are all high, and in the plural the tones are all low except for the plural morpheme.
- away (prefixed to verbs)
- The hyphen is normally kept, for example, ma-pitjanyi.
- Although ma- is spelt with a short a, the vowel is actually long (maa-). The misleading spelling exists for historical reasons.
- The prefix for noun class 6 denoting liquids.
- Prefix to form adjectives from a root word
- Actor III trigger infinitive verb prefix
- Object IV trigger infinitive verb prefix
- Class 6 simple noun prefix.
The prefix is attached to the subjunctive form of the verb, before the subject concord.