ma-

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Bikol Central[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Used to form adjectives indicating a quality
    ma- + ‎linig (to clean) → ‎malinig (clean)
  2. Object IV trigger infinitive verb prefix
    ma- + ‎dumog (wet) → ‎madumog (to become wet)
  3. Object trigger to have done something; to be able to do something
    ma- + ‎tapos (finish) → ‎matapos (to be able to finish something)
    Natapos kong basahon an libro kasubanggi.I was able to finish reading the book last night.
  4. Object trigger to perform the action of the verb unintentionally
    ma- + ‎pasa (broken, break) → ‎mapasa (to break something unintentionally)
    Napasa ko an salming.I unintentionally broke the mirror.
    Compare it when used with the suffix -on:
    pasa (broken, break) + -on → ‎pasaon (to break something on purpose)
    Pinasa ko an salming.I broke the mirror on purpose.
  5. to form the future tense of the verb.

Cebuano[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. added to verbs and adjectives to form adjectives meaning “able to be done; fit to be done”

Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to the set of prefixes found in Arabic: مُ(mu) for agentive participles, مَ(ma) for locatives, and مِ(mi) for instrumentals.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Used to form agentive nouns.
  2. Used to form nouns of place (locative nouns).
  3. Used to form instrumental nouns.

Usage notes[edit]

Each prefix forms a different template to which the noun must conform:

  • Agentive nouns end in in the masculine singular, -ìyā in the feminine singular, and in the plural, and the root has low tone in the masculine and plural, but high tone in the feminine.
  • Locative nouns end in and are feminine, or uncommonly in and are masculine, with all high tone in either case. There is rarely a plural form.
  • Instrumental nouns end in and are masculine, with plurals in -ai. The tones of the singular form are all high, and in the plural the tones are all low except for the plural morpheme.

Derived terms[edit]


Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma-

  1. first person plural exclusive nominative proclitic

See also[edit]


Maori[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Adjective prefix

Northern Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. away (prefixed to verbs)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The hyphen is normally kept, for example, ma-pitjanyi.
  • Although ma- is spelt with a short a, the vowel is actually long (maa-). The misleading spelling exists for historical reasons.

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. The prefix for noun class 6 denoting liquids.
    1. Regularly forms the plurals of noun class 5.
    2. Irregularly forms the plurals of other classes, including select vocabulary in noun class 9 and noun class 14.

See also[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *ma-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Used to form adjectives indicating a quality
    ma- + ‎linis (to clean) → ‎malinis (clean)
  2. Actor III trigger infinitive verb prefix
    ma- + ‎ligo (bath) → ‎maligo (to take a bath; to bathe)
  3. Object IV trigger infinitive verb prefix
    ma- + ‎basa (wet) → ‎mabasa (to become wet)
  4. Object trigger to have done something; to be able to do something
    ma- + ‎tapos (finish) → ‎matapos (to be able to finish something)
    Natapos kong basahin ang libro kagabi.I was able to finish reading the book last night.
  5. Object trigger to perform the action of the verb unintentionally
    ma- + ‎basag (broken, break) → ‎mabasag (to break something unintentionally)
    Nabasag ko ang salamin.I unintentionally broke the mirror.
    Compare it when used with the suffix -in:
    basag (broken, break) + -in → ‎basagin (to break something on purpose)
    Binasag ko ang salamin.I broke the mirror on purpose.

Derived terms[edit]


Tsonga[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Tswana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Venda[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 noun prefix.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. let, may; gives a verb a hortative force.
    Masihambe!
    Let's go!

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mà-.

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. Class 6 simple noun prefix.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

ma-

  1. let, may; gives a verb a hortative force.
    Masihambe!
    Let's go!
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix is attached to the subjunctive form of the verb, before the subject concord.

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]