-da

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Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-da (with back vowel harmony)

-dä (with front vowel harmony)

  1. (infinitives) A suffix present in certain first infinitives, short form, the citation form of Finnish verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

When this suffix is omitted, what remains is the stem of the verb. With the verbs nähdä and tehdä, the consonant stem is left. The first consonant of the following word or enclitic is lengthened.


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-da

  1. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun indicating the place of the action.
    zár ‎(to close, shut) → zárda ‎(cloister)
    óv ‎(to protect) → óvoda ‎(kindergarten)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (plural in -k, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -da -dák
accusative -dát -dákat
dative -dának -dáknak
instrumental -dával -dákkal
causal-final -dáért -dákért
translative -dává -dákká
terminative -dáig -dákig
essive-formal -daként -dákként
essive-modal -dául -dákul
inessive -dában -dákban
superessive -dán -dákon
adessive -dánál -dáknál
illative -dába -dákba
sublative -dára -dákra
allative -dához -dákhoz
elative -dából -dákból
delative -dáról -dákról
ablative -dától -dáktól
Possessive forms of -da
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -dám -dáim
2nd person sing. -dád -dáid
3rd person sing. -dája -dái
1st person plural -dánk -dáink
2nd person plural -dátok -dáitok
3rd person plural -dájuk -dáik

Usage notes[edit]

  • (noun suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -da is added to back vowel words
    -de is added to front vowel words
    -oda same as -da with a linking vowel
    -öde same as -de with a linking vowel

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-da

  1. variant form of -de

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-da

  1. Alternative form of -te
    Mo leannan de mòran bhliadhnaichean, 's pòsda sinn mu dheireadh thall!‎ ― My sweetheart of many years, we are married at long last!

Derived terms[edit]



Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-da

  1. Used to form locative of nouns.
    okul - okulda

Usage notes[edit]

  • It's used when the noun's last vowel is a back vowel.
  • It could be -de, when the noun's last vowel is a back vowel.
    köy + ‎-da → ‎köyde
  • It could be -ta, when the noun's last consonant is f, s, t, k, ç, ş, h or p.
    mutfak + ‎-da → ‎mutfakta
  • It must be used with an apostrophe while forming a proper noun.
    İspanya + ‎-da → ‎İspanya'da