i-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (obsolete) Used to form past participles of verbs. Alternative spelling of y-

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ī-, assimilated form of in- used before g-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. A form of the prefix in-, used before gn, as in ignoble, ignominy, and ignore.

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (Jamaican) Used to transform English words into words used by Rastafarians with a special meaning.

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Popularized in the name of the iMac line of computers (1998).

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alluding to the Internet.
  2. Alluding to digital devices and computer programs, especially those that are cutting-edge or fashionable, and those from Apple.
    • 1999, Melissa August, “Ad Infinitum”, in Time, v 154, November 1, p 39:
      I-WHAT?! Seems everyone's ripping off the iMac idea. Take this parody ad for the fruity-colored “iBrator” at sleeplessknights.com.
    • 2011, Scotty Smith, Everyday Prayers: 365 Days to a Gospel-Centered Faith, Baker Books, →ISBN, 178:
      In our “iWorld” of new gadgets and cool widgets, help us to ponder the reality that over half of the population on the earth exists on three of our American dollars, or less, a day.
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (internet): e- (electronic)
  • (alluding to Apple products): Mc- (alluding to McDonald's)

Derived terms[edit]


Choctaw[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (first-person, we): IPA(key): /iː/

Prefix[edit]

ī- (before vowels il-, class I first-person plural)

  1. the subject of an active transitive verb
    we
  2. the subject of an active intransitive verb
    we
Inflection[edit]
person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (third-person; him, her, etc.): IPA(key): /ĩː/

Prefix[edit]

i- (before vowels im-, class III third-person)

  1. the indirect object of an active transitive verb
    to him, her, it or them; for him, her, it or them
  2. the subject of an intransitive affective verb
    he, she, it or they
  3. the direct object of a small set of transitive verbs mostly dealing with affect, communication and intimacy
    him, her, it or them
  4. indicates possession of a noun
    his, her, its or their
    hattak ikatos
    the man's cat
Inflection[edit]
person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-



Curripaco[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. second person plural agent marker

References[edit]

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN, page 398

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The i vowel common to other correlatives, such as ki- and ti-, without the defining consonant.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Any-, some-. (Indeterminate correlative prefix.)

Derived terms[edit]


Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of mi-

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before gn-.

Prefix[edit]

ī-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Malagasy[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. prefix element of i- -ana

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ġe-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of y-

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Nguni *íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *iz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ī-

  1. same, selfsame

Derived terms[edit]


Phuthi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ín-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ̀-n-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *i-

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. to do something to a person or a thing (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎tapon (throw) → ‎itapon (to throw)
    Itapon mo 'yan sa basurahan.
    Throw that to the garbage.
  2. to perform the action of the verb for someone or something (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎bili (buy) → ‎ibili (to buy something for someone)
    Ibili mo ako ng saging.
    Buy me bananas.

Further reading[edit]


Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (transitive) First person plural subject + third person singular object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  3. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  4. (transitive) Third person plural subject + third person singular object.
  5. (formative) Third person plural subject.

Ternate[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

i-

  1. they (proclitic)
  2. it (proclitic)

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001). A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccas, Indonesia. University of Pittsburgh.

Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Cognate with Latin and Polish iść, both of the same meaning. The preterite form of this term, mäs-, is from Proto-Indo-European *mew- (to move), and as such the term is anonomalous in conjugation.

Verb[edit]

i-

  1. to go

Derived terms[edit]

Tocharian B: imāne (possibly)

Further reading[edit]

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “i-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 65-66

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Nguni *íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

References[edit]