i-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (obsolete) Used to form past participles of verbs. Alternative spelling of y-

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ī-, assimilated form of in- used before g-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. A form of the prefix in-, used before gn, as in ignoble, ignominy, and ignore.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (Jamaica) Used to transform English words into words used by Rastafarians with a special meaning.

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Popularized in the name of the iMac line of computers (1998).

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alluding to the Internet.
    Coordinate term: (electronic) e-
  2. Alluding to digital devices and computer programs, especially those that are cutting-edge or fashionable, and those from Apple.
    Coordinate term: (alluding to McDonald's) Mc-
    i- + ‎pod → ‎iPod
    i- + ‎phone → ‎iPhone
    • 1999, Melissa August, “Ad Infinitum”, in Time, v 154, November 1, p 39:
      I-WHAT?! Seems everyone's ripping off the iMac idea. Take this parody ad for the fruity-colored “iBrator” at sleeplessknights.com.
    • 2011, Scotty Smith, Everyday Prayers: 365 Days to a Gospel-Centered Faith, Baker Books, →ISBN, 178:
      In our “iWorld” of new gadgets and cool widgets, help us to ponder the reality that over half of the population on the earth exists on three of our American dollars, or less, a day.
Derived terms[edit]

Choctaw[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (first-person, we): IPA(key): /iː/

Prefix[edit]

ī- (before vowels il-, class I first-person plural)

  1. the subject of an active transitive verb
    we
  2. the subject of an active intransitive verb
    we
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (third-person; him, her, etc.): IPA(key): /ĩː/

Prefix[edit]

i- (before vowels im-, class III third-person)

  1. the indirect object of an active transitive verb
    to him, her, it or them; for him, her, it or them
  2. the subject of an intransitive affective verb
    he, she, it or they
  3. the direct object of a small set of transitive verbs mostly dealing with affect, communication and intimacy
    him, her, it or them
  4. indicates possession of a noun
    his, her, its or their
    hattak ikatos
    the man's cat
Inflection[edit]

Curripaco[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. second person plural agent marker

References[edit]

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN, page 398

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The i vowel common to other correlatives, such as ki- and ti-, without the defining consonant.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Any-, some-. (Indeterminate correlative prefix.)

Derived terms[edit]


Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of mi-

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before gn-.

Prefix[edit]

ī-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Malagasy[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. prefix element of i- -ana

See also[edit]


Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Allomorph of y- (third-person prefix) used for stems that begin with two consonants.
  2. Forms part of the circumfix allomorphs of various adverbializers, i- -jai, i- -'da, and i- -emje, used for stems that begin with two consonants.

Inflection[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ġe-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of y-

Mohawk[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. translocative, indicating motion away from the speaker
  2. epenthetic vowel added to certain verb forms
  3. Alternative form of ka- (before o- and on-stems)

References[edit]

  • Gunther Michelson (1973) A thousand words of Mohawk, University of Ottawa Press, page 11
  • Nora Deering; Helga H. Delisle (1976) Mohawk: A teaching grammar (preliminary version), Quebec: Manitou College, pages 105, 173

Murui Huitoto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

i-

  1. Unspecific non-perceivable demonstrative: a, an

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Katarzyna Izabela Wojtylak (2017) A grammar of Murui (Bue): a Witotoan language of Northwest Amazonia.[1], Townsville: James Cook University press (PhD thesis), page 161

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *iz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ī-

  1. same, selfsame

Derived terms[edit]


Phuthi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ̀-n-.

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-, used before l, m and n.

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Spanish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-, used before l.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *i-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. benefactive trigger: to perform the action of the verb for someone or something (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎bili (buy) → ‎ibili (to buy something for someone)
    Ibili mo ako ng saging.
    Buy me bananas.
  2. agent trigger: to do something to a person or a thing (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎tapon (throw) → ‎itapon (to throw)
    Itapon mo 'yan sa basurahan.
    Throw that to the garbage.
  3. instrumental trigger: to use something for a certain purpose (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎sulat (write) → ‎isulat (to use something for writing)
    Isulat mo ng listahan ang lapis.
    Use the pencil to write a list.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. (transitive) First person plural subject + third person singular object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  3. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  4. (transitive) Third person plural subject + third person singular object.
  5. (formative) Third person plural subject.

Ternate[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

i- (Jawi إ-‎)

  1. (non-human) third-person singular clitic, it
  2. (human) third-person plural clitic, they
  3. (masculine) third-person singular possessive prefix, his
    Synonym: ai-

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Compare Tocharian B i-.

Verb[edit]

i-

  1. to go

Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, whence also Tocharian A i-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Cognate with Latin and Polish iść, both of the same meaning. The preterite form of this term, mäs-, is from Proto-Indo-European *mew- (to move), and as such the term is suppletive in conjugation.

Verb[edit]

i-

  1. to go

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “i-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 65-66

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ì/

Prefix[edit]

ì-

  1. abstract or instrument nominalizing prefix
Usage notes[edit]

Forms both abstract and concrete nouns:

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ī/

Prefix[edit]

i-

  1. non-gerundive nominalizing prefix
Derived terms[edit]

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

í- (medial yí-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contracted from earlier íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

î-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

í-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

í- (medial yí-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

References[edit]