e-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ē-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Used to form adjectives with the sense of something being lacking or removed.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of electronic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. In an electronic form, usually and especially computerized and digital; often in association with the Internet.
Usage notes[edit]

This practice began with E-mail in June 1979. The first usage of E-mail, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, occurred in the journal Electronics with reference to an initiative of the United States Postal Service (USPS) called Electronic Computer Originated Mail, which USPS abbreviated E-COM .

Many terms beginning with e- can be seen in both hyphenated (e.g. e-card) and unhyphenated (e.g., ecard) form, and sometimes — particularly in a business context — the letter following the e- will be capitalized (e.g., eBusiness or e-Business). In the present day, e- is generally used to indicate association with or transmission over the Internet. In proper names beginning with e-, the convention is generally to leave the e- lower-case, and to capitalize the second letter of the name (e.g., eBay). The e remains then lower-case when the name is used at the beginning of a sentence.

Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (electronic): i- (internet), -e
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of emergency.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. For emergency purposes.
    e-stop, e-brake

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of electric.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. (marketing) Used to prefix product names, to indicate an electrified or all-electric variant of the product, particularly cars.
    e-bike, ebike, e-scooter
    1. (marketing) Used to prefix product names, to indicate a battery-powered or onboard electric power source variant.

Etymology 5[edit]

Abbreviation of embedded.

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. (electronics) Used to prefix items that are embedded into devices, instead of being discrete or removable elements.
    eMMC, eSIM
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (electric): -e

References[edit]

  1. ^ e-, prefix2”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, January 2018; “e-”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Cayuga[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. third person feminine agent pronominal prefix; she

References[edit]

  • Marianne Mithun; Reginald Henry (1982) Wadęwayę́stanih - A Cayuga Teaching Grammar, 3rd edition, Woodland Cultural Centre, published 2015, page 66

Chuukese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Third-person singular subject marker for tense modifying adverbs.
  2. one

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ē-

  1. Alternative form of ex- (combining with b-, d-, g-, j-, l-, m-, n-, r-, and v-initial words).

Derived terms[edit]

Category Latin terms prefixed with e- not found

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 4 relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 9 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Old Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e- (class A infixed pronoun)

  1. Alternative form of a- (him, it)

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English e-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: e

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. e-, as relating to electronics or the internet
    e- + ‎papier → ‎e-papier

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • e- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • e- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Alternative form of em- used before M and N
  2. Alternative form of ex- (outward motion)

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 4 relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 9 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse æ, from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (forever), Proto-Germanic *aiwaz.

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. prefix that may be used on certain pronouns and adverbs to create "-ever" constructions, most of which are formal or archaic.
    e- + ‎huru (how) → ‎ehuru (although, however)
    e- + ‎vad (what) → ‎evad (whatever)
    e- + ‎var (who) → ‎evar (wherever)
    e- + ‎ho (who) → ‎eho (whoever)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English e-, shortening of electronic.

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. electronic; including the hyphen
Derived terms[edit]

Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Tocharian B ai-.

Verb[edit]

e-

  1. to give

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 4 relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Class 9 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. at, on, in; locative prefix.
Usage notes[edit]

This prefix is used with nouns of all classes except 1(a) and 2(a). Usually, it occurs in the form of the circumfix e- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix. When affixed to a class 11 noun in u-, it changes to elu-. Also when affixed to a class 10 noun in iin-, iim-, ii-, it also changes to ezin-, ezim-, ezi-.


Zou[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. Used to form agent nouns from verbs; -er
    e- + ‎ne (to eat) → ‎ene (eater)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 81

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a- (relative) +‎ i- (class 4).

Prefix[edit]

ḗ-

  1. Class 4 relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From a- (relative) +‎ i- (class 9).

Prefix[edit]

ḗ-

  1. Class 9 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly related to Rwanda-Rundi i.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

e-

  1. at, on, in; locative prefix.
Usage notes[edit]

This prefix is used with nouns of all classes except 1(a) and 2(a). Usually, it occurs in the form of the circumfix e- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix. When affixed to a class 5 noun beginning in ī-, it is lengthened to ē-, and when affixed to a class 11 noun in ū-, it is lengthened and also changes to ō-. It takes on the tone of whichever prefix it replaces.

References[edit]