u-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Typographical substitution for μ, the symbol for micro, in environments where the correct symbol is not available.

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Alternative form of μ- as an abbreviation of micro-.

Chuukese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. (subject marker for tense modifying pronouns) I

Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. (away) from
    u- + ‎stoupit (step) → ‎ustoupit (yield)
  2. (inchoative)
  3. (telicity)
    u- + ‎vidět (see) → ‎uvidět (catch sight out of)
  4. (on perfective verbs) unintentionally, inadvertently, by mistake
    u- + ‎řeknout (say once) → ‎uřeknout (misspeak, say unintentionally once)
  5. (root modality) [i.e., deontic + dynamic modality: ability, obligation, permission, readiness]
    u- + ‎zvednout (lift) → ‎uzvednout (be able to lift)
    u- + ‎nést (carry) → ‎unést (be able to carry)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. in-, un-, non-; (prefix meaning not, reversing the meaning)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Kamba[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. you singular (used for conjugating verbs to the subjective or nominative case of the personal pronoun)

Kambera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

u-

  1. Alternative form of mu-

See also[edit]


Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *u-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 1a noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Etymology 5[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 11 noun prefix; form of ulu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. un-, (in certain cases) im-
  2. an abbreviation of certain words beginning with "u"

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ú- or ó-, English un-, German un-. With the intensifying function probably influenced by ov-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. un- (not)
    flaksuflaks
    luck → bad luck
  2. used to create an undesired version of the following noun
    vêruvêr
    weather → severe weather
    tidutid
    time → inconvenient time
  3. used to strengthen/intensify the following noun
    talutal
    number → huge number
  4. an abbreviation of certain words beginning with "u"

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Phuthi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *u-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Polish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • u- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *u-. Prefixed form of the preposition u.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      u- + ‎branīti (to defend) → ‎ubranīti (to defend)
    2. away
      u- + ‎téči (to run) → ‎utéči (to run away, escape)
    3. (reflexive) to make a mistake while
      u- + ‎štẹ́ti (to count) → ‎uštẹ́ti (to miscount)

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *u-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Swahili[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • w- (before a vowel)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *dʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (plural n-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 11 denoting natural objects or extensions.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *bʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (usually uncountable, irregular plural ma-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 14 denoting abstract qualities or collections of small things; -ness or -ity.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used to form the names of countries.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person duoplural object.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *u-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 1a noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Etymology 5[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 11 noun prefix; form of ulu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *u-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. you, thou; second-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 1a noun prefix.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *ʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ú-, from Proto-Bantu *gʊ́-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (medial wu-)

  1. he, she, it; class 3 subject concord.

Etymology 5[edit]

Contracted from earlier ulu-, from Proto-Nguni *úlu-, from Proto-Bantu *dʊ́-dʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Class 11 noun prefix.

References[edit]