ku

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

ku

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Kurdish.

Afar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

  1. thy, your

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ku”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Ainu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ku (Kana spelling )

  1. to drink

Derived terms[edit]

  • iku (to drink strong drink)

See also[edit]

  • e (to eat)

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷu (where). Cognate to Proto-Baltic *kur (where) (Lithuanian kur̃ (id), kur (id), Latvian kur), Proto-Slavic *kъde (where) (Old Church Slavonic къде (kŭde, id), Russian где (gde)) and Sanskrit कुह (kúha, where) (cf. also Sanskrit कू (kū́, id), Avestan 𐬐𐬎𐬛𐬁(kudā), 𐬐𐬏()).[1]

See also Albanian kur (when).[2]

Adverb[edit]

ku

  1. where (asking about a place, where or towards which direction)
    Ku po shkon?Where are you going?
  2. where ... at
    Ku je?Where (are) you at?
  3. whither, whereto
  4. whence, where from
  5. how (to/that)
    Synonym: si (qysh (Gheg))
    Ku e din ai?How does he (want to) know that?
    Ku më dit unë?How do I know that?
    (Gheg)
  6. where, whither; there, thither (used to connect repetitive verbs; indicating location, direction)

Particle[edit]

ku

  1. where (used for rhetorical questions)
  2. where to where whither (used repeatedly, to accentuate significant differences between two objects)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (interrogative pronouns)
    • (nominative) kush (who)
    • (accusative) (whom), (kënd (id))
    • (dative, ablative, genitive) kujt (kuj)

Further reading[edit]

  • [2] adverb/particle ku (where) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 256
  • Martin Camaj (1984) Albanian grammar : with exercices, chrestomathy and glossaries, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, →ISBN, page 66, 92

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ku”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 207
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ku”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN.

Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. (Mpakwithi) tree
  2. (Mpakwithi) wood
  3. (Mpakwithi) stick

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Bambara[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. tail
  2. yam

Derived terms[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ku (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive ku kua kuak
ergative kuk kuak kuek
dative kuri kuari kuei
genitive kuren kuaren kuen
comitative kurekin kuarekin kuekin
causative kurengatik kuarengatik kuengatik
benefactive kurentzat kuarentzat kuentzat
instrumental kuz kuaz kuez
inessive kutan kuan kuetan
locative kutako kuko kuetako
allative kutara kura kuetara
terminative kutaraino kuraino kuetaraino
directive kutarantz kurantz kuetarantz
destinative kutarako kurako kuetarako
ablative kutatik kutik kuetatik
partitive kurik
prolative kutzat

See also[edit]


Bura[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. hole

References[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъ(n).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈku]
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

ku

  1. (informal) to (in the direction of, and arriving at)

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ku in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ku in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Ewe[edit]

Verb[edit]

kuku

  1. to die

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin .

Noun[edit]

ku n (genitive singular kus, plural ku)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ku
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ku kuið ku kuini
accusative ku kuið ku kuini
dative kui kuinum kuum kuunum
genitive kus kusins kua kuanna

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cu (much less common)
  • qu (less common)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku m (plural kus)

  1. cue, The name of the Latin-script letter Q.

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese quando. Cognate with Kabuverdianu kantu.

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. when

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese com. Cognate with Kabuverdianu ku.

Preposition[edit]

ku

  1. with

Gun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognates include Fon , Yoruba , Xwela Gbe nku, Aja , Saxwe Gbe

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to die

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. (text messaging, informal) Alternative spelling of -ku.

Further reading[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ku, from Proto-Uralic *ku-. Akin to Finnish kun and Estonian kui.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ku

  1. than
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 4:
      Laukaal monikkaat äänet saotaa toiseel viisii, ku Soikkolas, sannoin painutos, sklonenja, Lukaal ono vähä toisenlaajain, ja Laukaal ono sanoja, kumpa Soikkolaas ei oo, tali kummat Soikkolaas merkitsööt toista assiaa, ku Laukaal.
      In the Lower Luga dialect some sounds are pronounced in a different way, than in the Soikkola dialect, the inflection, declension of words, Lower Luga has little similar, and Lower Luga has words, that aren't in Soikkola, or that in Soikkola mean different things, than in Lower Luga.
  2. like, how, to
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Miä muissin, kui möö hulkuimma metsää mööt, yhenlain ku sokkiat, ja nyt kovin meinaisin oppihussa löytämää teetä, samalviittää kui pioneerat.
      I remembered, how we wandered along the forest, similar to blind people, and now I really decided to learn to find the way, just like the pioneers.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 210

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortened form of aku, from Old Javanese aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

ku (personal pronoun, informal)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of iku

Determiner[edit]

ku

  1. that, those

Jingpho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Burmese ကူး (ku:).

Verb[edit]

ku

  1. to copy

References[edit]

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[4], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese com.

Preposition[edit]

ku

  1. with

Kamassian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku (transliteration needed)

  1. ear

References[edit]


Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ku, from Proto-Uralic *ku. Cognates include Finnish kun and Estonian kus (where?).

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ku

  1. which?

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. which, that

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 60

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter Q.

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32
    Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū — each, again, with a long vowel sound.

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ku, from Proto-Uralic *ku- ~ *ko-. Related to Estonian kuidas and Finnish kuinka. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. how

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ku (with dative)

  1. Alternative form of k (used before ch, g, and k)

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of aku, from Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ku (Jawi spelling کو‎) (informal)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
    Kutahu.
    I know.
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
    Dia mengenaliku.
    He knows me.
  3. me (object of a preposition)
    Dia pergi denganku.
    He went with me.
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)
    Ini barangku.
    This is my stuff.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ku

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. Alternative spelling of kou

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. Alternative form of cou

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ku

  1. that (connecting noun clause, introducing the result of the main clause)
    Min bihîst ku ew pir dewlemend e.
    I heard that he is very rich.
  2. implied that (where it is grammatically necessary)
    Min tutişt tune ku bidim.
    I have nothing to give. OR I have nothing that I give.

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. which, that (of those mentioned or implied)
    Dîmenderparêzên ku ekranê diguherînin bi kar bîne.
    Use screen savers that manipulate the screen.

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kýr (accusative singular ), from Proto-Germanic *kūz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (cow).

Noun[edit]

ku f or m (definite singular kua or kuen, indefinite plural kyr or kuer, definite plural kyrne or kuene)

  1. a cow

Usage notes[edit]

  • One of the nouns whose feminine form is predominant in formal writing.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse kýr (accusative singular ), from Proto-Germanic *kūz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (cow). Akin to English cow.

Noun[edit]

ku f (definite singular kua, indefinite plural kyr, definite plural kyrne)

  1. cow
    Det går eit par kyr i beitet og beitar.
    There are a couple of cows grazing in the pasture.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ku

  1. imperative of kua

Further reading[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese com and Spanish con and Kabuverdianu ku.

Conjunction[edit]

ku

  1. with
  2. plus
  3. and

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese que and Spanish que and Kabuverdianu ki.

Adverb[edit]

ku

  1. than
  2. that
  3. which

Pnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Khasian *kuː. Cognate with Khasi kiew and Proto-Khmuic *gaːw (to climb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ku

  1. to climb

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish k, from Proto-Slavic *kъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *kom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ku (+ dative)

  1. towards, to

Further reading[edit]

  • ku in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ku in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ku

  1. Romanization of 𒆪 (ku)

Ter Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *ki, the same root from which the Finnish ken is derived.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. who

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[5], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Tocharian A[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog). Compare Tocharian B ku, Latin canis, Old Irish , Old English hund.

Noun[edit]

ku m

  1. dog

Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *ku, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog). Compare Tocharian A ku, Latin canis, Old Irish , Old English hund.

Noun[edit]

ku m

  1. dog

Further reading[edit]

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “ku”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 190

Tsonga[edit]

Particle[edit]

ku

  1. to
    Ku ba ndlopfu hi xibakele.To hit an elephant with a fist.

References[edit]

  • "ku" in Xitsonga Dictionary

Unami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algonquian *-w (negative particle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ku

  1. not

Veps[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction[edit]

ku

  1. if
  2. when
  3. than (in comparisons)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (than): mi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kuu, from Proto-Uralic *kuŋe.

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. moon
  2. month
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of ku
nominative sing. ku
genitive sing. kun
partitive sing. kud
partitive plur. kuid
singular plural
nominative ku kud
accusative kun kud
genitive kun kuiden
partitive kud kuid
essive-instructive kun kuin
translative kuks kuikš
inessive kus kuiš
elative kuspäi kuišpäi
illative ? kuihe
adessive kul kuil
ablative kulpäi kuilpäi
allative kule kuile
abessive kuta kuita
comitative kunke kuidenke
prolative kudme kuidme
approximative I kunno kuidenno
approximative II kunnoks kuidennoks
egressive kunnopäi kuidennopäi
terminative I ? kuihesai
terminative II kulesai kuilesai
terminative III kussai
additive I ? kuihepäi
additive II kulepäi kuilepäi
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “если, месяц, когда, раз, чем”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Wakhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ku

  1. who

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proposed to derive from Proto-Yoruboid *kú or Proto-Yoruboid *kpú. Cognates are extensive throughout many different branches of Niger-Congo. Cognate with Igala kwú, Tiv *kpe, Ibibio *kpa, Proto-Jukunoid *kwu-, Ewe *kuku and Awing *kfu (from Proto-Grassfields *kÚ(a)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to die
    Ọ̀pọ̀ ló nínú ìjàǹbá yẹnMany died in that accident
    Fóònù mi ti fẹ́ nísìnyí, màá pè yín padà oMy phone's about to die now, I'll call you back
Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to remain
    Ó ku oṣù mẹ́ta kí n padà lọThere're three months left until I go back

Derived terms[edit]


Yurok[edit]

Noun[edit]

ku

  1. dove