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See also: kend and Kend


Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *kan tan, sequence of two pronouns (Proto-Albanian *kan + *tan). Proto-Albanian *kan from Proto-Indo-European *kʷo-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷ-. The second element Proto-Albanian *tan from Proto-Indo-European *to-. Continuing in accusative form of kush as (Gheg Albanian , kân).[1][2] See (pronoun) Albanian and (nominative form) kush (who) for more.

From compound Proto-Albanian *kwom-to-, an indefinite pronoun.(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)



kënd (accusative kë (kënd), dative kujt (kuj), ablative kujt (kuj))

  1. (interrogative pronoun) whom (alternative form of (whom) (accusative form of kush)[3]
  2. (pronoun) somebody
    Synonyms: ndokush, dikush, ndokënd

Derived terms[edit]

  • dikan (anyone, someone), kërkan (nobody) (Gheg)
  • ndokënd (anyone, someone) (Standard)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Severel theories. According to Meyer a borrowing from Italian canto (canthus). According to Mann a cognate to Ancient Greek κανθός (kanthós, corner of the eye) - while seen as a loan from Ancient Greek κανθός (kanthós) by Topalli [4] Orel claims it as an early borrowing from Proto-Slavic *kǫtъ.[5][6]


  • kënd m (indefinite plural kënde, definite singular këndi, definite plural këndet) (Standard)
  • kand m (indefinite plural kande, definite singular kandi, definite plural kandet) (Gheg)
  1. corner
    Synonyms: cep, qoshe, këndvështrim, prizëm
    Drejtkëndëshi ka katër kënde.
    A rectangle has four corners.
  2. angle
    Këndi është shumë i ngushtë.
    The angle is very narrow.
  3. a seat around something
  4. a faraway place
  5. a comfortable place (to stay, to live)
  6. an area used for a specific purpose
  7. viewpoint

Further reading[edit]

  • [2] interrogative pronoun, nominative form: kush (who) (accusative form: (whom)) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [3] noun kënd, m. • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)


  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “pronoun 'kënd'”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 178
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “pronoun 'kush' > acc.sg. 'kë ~ kâ')”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 207
  3. ^ Martin Camaj (1984) Albanian grammar : with exercices, chrestomathy and glossaries, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, →ISBN, page 115 - 116 - pronoun 'kush' (nom.), 'kë ~ kënd' (acc.). See §147 & §148 (Declesion of the interrogative pronouns)
  4. ^ Topalli, Kolec (2017), “kënd”, in Fjalor Etimologjik i Gjuhës Shqipe, Durrës, Albania: Jozef, page 1409
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 40
  6. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “noun 'kënd ~ kand' (corner, angle)”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 178