specific

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French specifique, from Late Latin specificus (specific, particular), from Latin speciēs (kind) + faciō (make).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /spəˈsɪf.ɪk/, /spɪˈsɪf.ɪk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: spe‧cif‧ic
  • Rhymes: -ɪfɪk

Adjective[edit]

specific (comparative more specific, superlative most specific)

  1. explicit or definite
  2. (sciences) Pertaining to a species.
    • 2008, Richard Dawkins, The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, Oxford 2009, p. 3:
      Science and literature, then, are the two achievements of Homo sapiens that most convincingly justify the specific name.
  3. (taxonomy) pertaining to a taxon at the rank of species
  4. special, distinctive or unique
  5. intended for, or applying to a particular thing
  6. being a remedy for a particular disease
    Quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria.
    • Coleridge
      In fact, all medicines will be found specific in the perfection of the science.
  7. (immunology) limited to a particular antibody or antigen
  8. (physics) of a value divided by mass (e.g. specific orbital energy)
  9. (physics) similarly referring to a value divided by any measure which acts to standardize it (e.g. thrust specific fuel consumption, referring to fuel consumption divided by thrust)
  10. (physics) a measure compared with a standard reference value by division, to produce a ratio without unit or dimension (e.g. specific refractive index is a pure number, and is relative to that of air)

Antonyms[edit]

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).

Hyponyms[edit]

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

specific (plural specifics)

  1. A distinguishing attribute or quality.
  2. A specific remedy.
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit:
      I had no unreasonable fear of bats, […] yet I knew them too for carriers of the dread “Hydrophobia,” for which there was no specific.
  3. Specification
  4. (in the plural) The details; particulars.

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

French spécifique

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

specific m, n (feminine singular specifică, masculine plural specifici, feminine and neuter plural specifice)

  1. specific

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]