particular

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English particuler, from Anglo-Norman particuler, Middle French particuler, particulier, from Late Latin particularis (partial; separate, individual), from Latin particula ((small) part). Equivalent to particle +‎ -ar. Compare particle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

particular (comparative more particular, superlative most particular) (also non-comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining only to a part of something; partial.
  2. Specific; discrete; concrete.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:specific
    Antonym: general
    I couldn't find the particular model you asked for, but I hope this one will do.
    We knew it was named after John Smith, but nobody knows which particular John Smith.
  3. Specialised; characteristic of a specific person or thing.
    Synonyms: optimized, specialistic
    I don't appreciate your particular brand of cynicism.
  4. (obsolete) Known only to an individual person or group; confidential.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Lear, V.1:
      or these domesticke and particular broiles, Are not the question heere.
  5. Distinguished in some way; special (often in negative constructions).
    My five favorite places are, in no particular order, New York, Chicago, Paris, San Francisco and London.
    I didn't have any particular interest in the book.
    He brought no particular news.
    She was the particular belle of the party.
  6. (comparable) Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; fastidious.
    Synonyms: minute, precise, fastidious; see also Thesaurus:fastidious
    He is very particular about his food and if it isn't cooked to perfection he will send it back.
    These women are more particular about their appearance.
    • 1929, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, When the World Screamed[1]:
      There is a scraper as well as a mat, and Mrs. Challenger is most particular.
  7. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:meticulous
    a full and particular account of an accident
  8. (law) Containing a part only; limited.
    a particular estate, or one precedent to an estate in remainder
  9. (law) Holding a particular estate.
  10. (logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject.
    a particular proposition, opposed to "universal", e.g. (particular affirmative) "Some men are wise"; (particular negative) "Some men are not wise".

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

Noun[edit]

particular (plural particulars)

  1. A small individual part of something larger; a detail, a point. [from 15th c.]
  2. (obsolete) A person's own individual case. [16th-19th c.]
  3. (now philosophy, chiefly in plural) A particular case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. (Opposed to generals, universals.) [from 17th c.]
    • 1912, Bertrand Russel, The Problems of Philosophy, Chapter 9:
      When we examine common words, we find that, broadly speaking, proper names stand for particulars, while other substantives, adjectives, prepositions, and verbs stand for universals.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin particularis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

particular (masculine and feminine plural particulars)

  1. private
  2. particular

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin particulāris, corresponding to partícula +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɐɾ.ti.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /paʁ.ˌt͡ʃi.ku.ˈlaʁ/, [pɐχ.ˌt͡ʃi.kʊ.ˈl̪äχ]
  • Hyphenation: par‧ti‧cu‧lar

Adjective[edit]

particular m or f (plural particulares, comparable)

  1. private (concerning, accessible or belonging to an individual person or group)
  2. private (not belonging to the government)
    Synonym: privado
    Antonym: público
  3. particular; specific
    Synonym: específico
  4. particular; distinguished; exceptional
    Synonym: excepcional

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin particulāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /paɾtikuˈlaɾ/, [paɾ.t̪i.kuˈlaɾ]

Adjective[edit]

particular (plural particulares)

  1. specific, particular
    Synonyms: concreto, específico
  2. peculiar, strange
    Synonyms: raro, extraño
  3. personal
    Synonym: íntimo
  4. private
    Synonym: privado

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

particular m (plural particulares)

  1. individual, private citizen

Further reading[edit]