particular

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman particuler, Middle French particuler, particulier, and their source, Late Latin particularis (partial; separate, individual), from Latin particula ((small) part). Compare particle.

Adjective[edit]

particular (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining only to a part of something; partial.
  2. Specific; discrete; concrete.
    I couldn't find the particular model you asked for, but I hope this one will do.
    We knew it was named after John Smith, but nobody knows which particular John Smith.
    • Shakespeare
      [Make] each particular hair to stand an end, / Like quills upon the fretful porpentine.
  3. Specialised; characteristic of a specific person or thing.
    I don't appreciate your particular brand of cynicism.
    • Francis Bacon
      wheresoever one plant draweth such a particular juice out of the earth
  4. (obsolete) Known only to an individual person or group; confidential.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Lear, V.1:
      or these domesticke and particular broiles, Are not the question heere.
  5. Distinguished in some way; special (often in negative constructions).
    My five favorite places are, in no particular order, New York, Chicago, Paris, San Francisco and London.
    I didn't have any particular interest in the book.
    He brought no particular news.
    She was the particular belle of the party.
  6. (comparable) Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; precise; fastidious.
    He is very particular about his food and if it isn't cooked to perfection he will send it back.
  7. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise.
    a full and particular account of an accident
  8. (law) Containing a part only; limited.
    a particular estate, or one precedent to an estate in remainder
  9. (law) Holding a particular estate.
    a particular tenant
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blackstone to this entry?)
  10. (logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject.
    a particular proposition, opposed to "universal", e.g. (particular affirmative) "Some men are wise"; (particular negative) "Some men are not wise".

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • particulars (certain individuals - not used in singular)

Translations[edit]

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External links[edit]

Noun[edit]

particular (plural particulars)

  1. A small individual part of something larger; a detail, a point. [from 15th c.]
  2. (obsolete) A person's own individual case. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.16:
      Since philosophy could never find any way for tranquillity that might be generally good, let every man in his particular seeke for it.
    • Whole Duty of Man
      temporal blessings, whether such as concern the public [] or such as concern our particular
  3. (now philosophy, chiefly in plural) A particular case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. (Opposed to generals, universals.) [from 17th c.]
    • 1912, Bertrand Russel, The Problems of Philosophy, Chapter 9:
      When we examine common words, we find that, broadly speaking, proper names stand for particulars, while other substantives, adjectives, prepositions, and verbs stand for universals.

Related terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin particulāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɐɾ.ti.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • Hyphenation: par‧ti‧cu‧lar

Adjective[edit]

particular m, f (plural particulares; comparable)

  1. private
    • 2003, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), Rocco, page 400:
      Não devia estar num quarto particular?
      Shouldn't he be in a private room?

Inflection[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

particular m, f (plural particulares)

  1. specific, particular
  2. personal
  3. private