osa

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See also: OSA, osá, osā, oša, -osa, ọṣa, and osą

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Dupaningan Agta ogsa.

Noun[edit]

osa

  1. deer

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱs-. Cognates include Polish , Slovak os and German Achse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa f

  1. axis (of symmetry or rotation)
    osa souměrnostiaxis of symmetry
    osa otáčeníaxis of rotation
  2. axis (of a coordinate system)
    osa xx-axis
    vodorovná osahorizontal axis
    svislá osavertical axis

Further reading[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća. Cognates include Finnish osa and Hungarian oszt.

Noun[edit]

osa (genitive osa, partitive osa)

  1. part

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća, borrowed from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hónćos (later *Hánĉas), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónḱos. Cognates include Estonian osa, Hungarian oszt.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈosɑ/, [ˈo̞s̠ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -osɑ
  • Syllabification: o‧sa

Noun[edit]

osa

  1. part (fraction of a whole)
    suurimmaksi osaksifor the most part
    suurin osabulk, majority
  2. part (distinct element of something larger)
    varaosasparepart
    purkaa osiinto dismantle
  3. part (with an ordinal number as modifier, used to create nouns meaning "nth part"; works with numbers from three upwards, in calculus from two, see kahdesosa)
    kolmasosathird (part)
    neljäskymmenesseitsemäsosaforty-seventh (part)
  4. part (unit of relative proportion in a mixture)
    kolme osaa giniä ja yksi osa vermuttia
    three parts of gin and one part of vermouth
  5. part (section of a document)
  6. part (position or role, especially in a play)
  7. piece (part of a larger whole)
    Olen osa ihmiskuntaa.
    I am a piece of humanity.
  8. proportion, section (quantity of something that is part of the whole amount or number)
    En tarkoita kaikkia ystäviäsi - vain pientä osaa heistä.
    I don't mean all of your friends - only a small proportion of them.
  9. partition, portion, division (separated part of anything)
  10. bit, part (individual contribution toward an overall effort)
    Olen tehnyt osani.
    I have done my bit.
  11. (sports, in the plural) bit (fraction of a second)
    Hänen aikansa oli 47 sekuntia ja osia.
    His time was 47 seconds and bits.
  12. lot, portion (part, or fate, that falls to one without planning)
  13. share (portion of something, especially a portion given or allotted to someone)
  14. volume, tome (single book of a publication issued in multi-book format)
    tietosanakirjan kolmas osathe third volume of the encyclopedia
  15. episode, installment (part of a published or broadcast serial)
    Tämä jatkokertomus muuttuu mielenkiintoisemmaksi osa osalta.
    This serial story grows in more interesting with each successive installment.
  16. (music) movement (large division of a larger composition)
  17. (as modifier) partial
    osatotuuspartial truth

Declension[edit]

Inflection of osa (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative osa osat
genitive osan osien
partitive osaa osia
illative osaan osiin
singular plural
nominative osa osat
accusative nom. osa osat
gen. osan
genitive osan osien
osainrare
partitive osaa osia
inessive osassa osissa
elative osasta osista
illative osaan osiin
adessive osalla osilla
ablative osalta osilta
allative osalle osille
essive osana osina
translative osaksi osiksi
instructive osin
abessive osatta ositta
comitative osineen
Possessive forms of osa (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person osani osamme
2nd person osasi osanne
3rd person osansa

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

osa

  1. third-person singular past historic of oser

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ursa (female bear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa m (plural osas)

  1. female bear

Etymology 2[edit]

Already attested by Isidore of Seville in the 6th century and all along the Middle Ages in Galicia. From Proto-Germanic *husǭ (coverings, leggings, trousers),[1][2] from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew- (to cover). Cognate with Old Spanish huesa, English hose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa f (plural osas)

  1. (archaic, usually in the plural) leggings, high boots, spat
  2. (archaic, usually in the plural) a tax.

References[edit]

  • osa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • osa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • osa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  1. ^ Varela Sieiro, Xaime (2003). Léxico cotián na alta idade media de Galicia: o enxoval. Sada: Ediciós do Castro, pages 123.
  2. ^ Corominas, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997), “fosa”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, Madrid: Gredos

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa m pl

  1. vocative plural of os

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
osa n-osa hosa not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

osa

  1. Feminine singular of adjective oso.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

osa

  1. inflection of osare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

osa

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おさ

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

ōsa

  1. nominative feminine singular of ōsus
  2. nominative neuter plural of ōsus
  3. accusative neuter plural of ōsus
  4. vocative feminine singular of ōsus
  5. vocative neuter plural of ōsus

Participle[edit]

ōsā

  1. ablative feminine singular of ōsus

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa f (4th declension)

  1. handle (part of a cup which is held in the hand when used or moved)
  2. ear (part of a cup which is held in the hand when used or moved)

Declension[edit]


Limos Kalinga[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

Numeral[edit]

osa (osá)

  1. one

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-osa, from Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb[edit]

-osa

  1. to roast, to burn

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of unknown origin. Related to or derived from os m (fume, smoke; stench).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ose (e and split infinitives)

Verb[edit]

osa (present tense osar/oser, past tense osa/oste, past participle osa/ost, passive infinitive osast, present participle osande, imperative os)

  1. (intransitive) to have a strong smell, odour
  2. (intransitive) to reek (av / of)
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) to reek (av / of) (to be evidently associated with something unpleasant)
  4. (intransitive) to emit fumes, smoke

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa n

  1. definite plural of os

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
osa (wasp)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osa, from Proto-Indo-European *wobʰseh₂, from the root *webʰ- (to weave).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔ.sa/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

osa f

  1. wasp (insect)
    Osa użądliła ją w udo.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • (adjective) osi

Further reading[edit]

  • osa in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osa, from Proto-Indo-European *wobʰseh₂.

Noun[edit]

òsa f (Cyrillic spelling о̀са)

  1. wasp
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱs-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ȏsa f (Cyrillic spelling о̑са)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) axis
Declension[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osa, from Proto-Indo-European *wobʰseh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

osa f (genitive singular osy, nominative plural osy, genitive plural ôs, declension pattern of žena)

  1. wasp
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • osa in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osa, from Proto-Indo-European *wobʰseh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ósa f

  1. wasp (insect)

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. ôsa
gen. sing. ôse
singular dual plural
nominative ôsa ôsi ôse
accusative ôso ôsi ôse
genitive ôse ôs ôs
dative ôsi ôsama ôsam
locative ôsi ôsah ôsah
instrumental ôso ôsama ôsami
Feminine, a-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. ôsa
gen. sing. osé
singular dual plural
nominative ôsa osé osé
accusative osó osé osé
genitive osé osá osá
dative ôsi osáma osàm
locative ôsi osàh osàh
instrumental osó osáma osámi

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-osa, from Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb[edit]

-osa

  1. to grill, to roast, to toast

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Spanish ossa, from Latin ursa, feminine of ursus (bear).

Noun[edit]

osa f (plural osas, masculine oso, masculine plural osos)

  1. she-bear, sow, female bear

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Conjugated forms of osar (to dare).

Verb[edit]

osa

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of osar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of osar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of osar.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-osa, from Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb[edit]

-ósa

  1. to grill, to roast, to toast

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

osa (present osar, preterite osade, supine osat, imperative osa)

  1. to smell, to reek

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća.

Noun[edit]

osa (genitive osa, partitive ossa)

  1. part

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-osa, from Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb[edit]

-osa

  1. to roast, to toast, to fry
  2. to roast, to grill, to admonish

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukosa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukosa ukungosi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yosa -ose
Plural yosani -oseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosa, ngosa engosayo, engosa ngosa angosi engingosi ngingosi
2nd singular uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa wosa awosi ongosi ungosi
1st plural siyosa, sosa esosayo, esosa sosa asosi esingosi singosi
2nd plural niyosa, nosa enosayo, enosa nosa anosi eningosi ningosi
Class 1 uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa osa akosi ongosi engosi
Class 2 bayosa, bosa abosayo, abosa bosa abosi abangosi bengosi
Class 3 uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa wosa awosi ongosi ungosi
Class 4 iyosa, yosa eyosayo, eyosa yosa ayosi engosi ingosi
Class 5 liyosa, losa elosayo, elosa losa alosi elingosi lingosi
Class 6 ayosa, osa osayo, osa osa awosi angosi engosi
Class 7 siyosa, sosa esosayo, esosa sosa asosi esingosi singosi
Class 8 ziyosa, zosa ezosayo, ezosa zosa azosi ezingosi zingosi
Class 9 iyosa, yosa eyosayo, eyosa yosa ayosi engosi ingosi
Class 10 ziyosa, zosa ezosayo, ezosa zosa azosi ezingosi zingosi
Class 11 luyosa, losa olosayo, olosa losa alosi olungosi lungosi
Class 14 buyosa, bosa obosayo, obosa bosa abosi obungosi bungosi
Class 15 kuyosa, kosa okosayo, okosa kosa akosi okungosi kungosi
Class 17 kuyosa, kosa okosayo, okosa kosa akosi okungosi kungosi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngosile, ngosē engosile, engosē ngosile, ngosē angosanga engingosanga ngingosanga
2nd singular wosile, wosē owosile, owosē wosile, wosē awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
1st plural sosile, sosē esosile, esosē sosile, sosē asosanga esingosanga singosanga
2nd plural nosile, nosē enosile, enosē nosile, nosē anosanga eningosanga ningosanga
Class 1 wosile, wosē owosile, owosē osile, osē akosanga ongosanga engosanga
Class 2 bosile, bosē abosile, abosē bosile, bosē abosanga abangosanga bengosanga
Class 3 wosile, wosē owosile, owosē wosile, wosē awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
Class 4 yosile, yosē eyosile, eyosē yosile, yosē ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 5 losile, losē elosile, elosē losile, losē alosanga elingosanga lingosanga
Class 6 osile, osē osile, osē osile, osē awosanga angosanga engosanga
Class 7 sosile, sosē esosile, esosē sosile, sosē asosanga esingosanga singosanga
Class 8 zosile, zosē ezosile, ezosē zosile, zosē azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 9 yosile, yosē eyosile, eyosē yosile, yosē ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 10 zosile, zosē ezosile, ezosē zosile, zosē azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 11 losile, losē olosile, olosē losile, losē alosanga olungosanga lungosanga
Class 14 bosile, bosē obosile, obosē bosile, bosē abosanga obungosanga bungosanga
Class 15 kosile, kosē okosile, okosē kosile, kosē akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Class 17 kosile, kosē okosile, okosē kosile, kosē akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngōsa engōsa ngōsa angosanga engingosanga ngingosanga
2nd singular wōsa owōsa wōsa awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
1st plural sōsa esōsa sōsa asosanga esingosanga singosanga
2nd plural nōsa enōsa nōsa anosanga eningosanga ningosanga
Class 1 wōsa owōsa ōsa akosanga ongosanga engosanga
Class 2 bōsa abōsa bōsa abosanga abangosanga bengosanga
Class 3 wōsa owōsa wōsa awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
Class 4 yōsa eyōsa yōsa ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 5 lōsa elōsa lōsa alosanga elingosanga lingosanga
Class 6 ōsa ōsa ōsa awosanga angosanga engosanga
Class 7 sōsa esōsa sōsa asosanga esingosanga singosanga
Class 8 zōsa ezōsa zōsa azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 9 yōsa eyōsa yōsa ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 10 zōsa ezōsa zōsa azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 11 lōsa olōsa lōsa alosanga olungosanga lungosanga
Class 14 bōsa obōsa bōsa abosanga obungosanga bungosanga
Class 15 kōsa okōsa kōsa akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Class 17 kōsa okōsa kōsa akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingosa ngingosa ngingose ngingose
2nd singular ungosa ungosa ungose ungose
1st plural singosa singosa singose singose
2nd plural ningosa ningosa ningose ningose
Class 1 angosa engosa angose engose
Class 2 bangosa bengosa bangose bengose
Class 3 ungosa ungosa ungose ungose
Class 4 ingosa ingosa ingose ingose
Class 5 lingosa lingosa lingose lingose
Class 6 angosa engosa angose engose
Class 7 singosa singosa singose singose
Class 8 zingosa zingosa zingose zingose
Class 9 ingosa ingosa ingose ingose
Class 10 zingosa zingosa zingose zingose
Class 11 lungosa lungosa lungose lungose
Class 14 bungosa bungosa bungose bungose
Class 15 kungosa kungosa kungose kungose
Class 17 kungosa kungosa kungose kungose
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokosa engizokosa ngizokosa angizukosa engingezukosa ngingezukosa
2nd singular uzokosa ozokosa uzokosa awuzukosa ongezukosa ungezukosa
1st plural sizokosa esizokosa sizokosa asizukosa esingezukosa singezukosa
2nd plural nizokosa enizokosa nizokosa anizukosa eningezukosa ningezukosa
Class 1 uzokosa ozokosa ezokosa akazukosa ongezukosa engezukosa
Class 2 bazokosa abazokosa bezokosa abazukosa abangezukosa bengezukosa
Class 3 uzokosa ozokosa uzokosa awuzukosa ongezukosa ungezukosa
Class 4 izokosa ezokosa izokosa ayizukosa engezukosa ingezukosa
Class 5 lizokosa elizokosa lizokosa alizukosa elingezukosa lingezukosa
Class 6 azokosa azokosa ezokosa awazukosa angezukosa engezukosa
Class 7 sizokosa esizokosa sizokosa asizukosa esingezukosa singezukosa
Class 8 zizokosa ezizokosa zizokosa azizukosa ezingezukosa zingezukosa
Class 9 izokosa ezokosa izokosa ayizukosa engezukosa ingezukosa
Class 10 zizokosa ezizokosa zizokosa azizukosa ezingezukosa zingezukosa
Class 11 luzokosa oluzokosa luzokosa aluzukosa olungezukosa lungezukosa
Class 14 buzokosa obuzokosa buzokosa abuzukosa obungezukosa bungezukosa
Class 15 kuzokosa okuzokosa kuzokosa akuzukosa okungezukosa kungezukosa
Class 17 kuzokosa okuzokosa kuzokosa akuzukosa okungezukosa kungezukosa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokosa engiyokosa ngiyokosa angiyukosa engingeyukosa ngingeyukosa
2nd singular uyokosa oyokosa uyokosa awuyukosa ongeyukosa ungeyukosa
1st plural siyokosa esiyokosa siyokosa asiyukosa esingeyukosa singeyukosa
2nd plural niyokosa eniyokosa niyokosa aniyukosa eningeyukosa ningeyukosa
Class 1 uyokosa oyokosa eyokosa akayukosa ongeyukosa engeyukosa
Class 2 bayokosa abayokosa beyokosa abayukosa abangeyukosa bengeyukosa
Class 3 uyokosa oyokosa uyokosa awuyukosa ongeyukosa ungeyukosa
Class 4 iyokosa eyokosa iyokosa ayiyukosa engeyukosa ingeyukosa
Class 5 liyokosa eliyokosa liyokosa aliyukosa elingeyukosa lingeyukosa
Class 6 ayokosa ayokosa eyokosa awayukosa angeyukosa engeyukosa
Class 7 siyokosa esiyokosa siyokosa asiyukosa esingeyukosa singeyukosa
Class 8 ziyokosa eziyokosa ziyokosa aziyukosa ezingeyukosa zingeyukosa
Class 9 iyokosa eyokosa iyokosa ayiyukosa engeyukosa ingeyukosa
Class 10 ziyokosa eziyokosa ziyokosa aziyukosa ezingeyukosa zingeyukosa
Class 11 luyokosa oluyokosa luyokosa aluyukosa olungeyukosa lungeyukosa
Class 14 buyokosa obuyokosa buyokosa abuyukosa obungeyukosa bungeyukosa
Class 15 kuyokosa okuyokosa kuyokosa akuyukosa okungeyukosa kungeyukosa
Class 17 kuyokosa okuyokosa kuyokosa akuyukosa okungeyukosa kungeyukosa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngose ngingosi
2nd singular wose ungosi
1st plural sose singosi
2nd plural nose ningosi
Class 1 ose angosi
Class 2 bose bangosi
Class 3 wose ungosi
Class 4 yose ingosi
Class 5 lose lingosi
Class 6 ose angosi
Class 7 sose singosi
Class 8 zose zingosi
Class 9 yose ingosi
Class 10 zose zingosi
Class 11 lose lungosi
Class 14 bose bungosi
Class 15 kose kungosi
Class 17 kose kungosi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngosa ngangosa, angosa, angangosa
2nd singular wosa wangosa, awosa, awangosa
1st plural sosa sangosa, asosa, asangosa
2nd plural nosa nangosa, anosa, anangosa
Class 1 wosa wangosa, akosa, akangosa
Class 2 bosa bangosa, abosa, abangosa
Class 3 wosa wangosa, awosa, awangosa
Class 4 yosa yangosa, ayosa, ayangosa
Class 5 losa langosa, alosa, alangosa
Class 6 osa angosa, awosa, awangosa
Class 7 sosa sangosa, asosa, asangosa
Class 8 zosa zangosa, azosa, azangosa
Class 9 yosa yangosa, ayosa, ayangosa
Class 10 zosa zangosa, azosa, azangosa
Class 11 losa lwangosa, alosa, alwangosa
Class 14 bosa bangosa, abosa, abangosa
Class 15 kosa kwangosa, akosa, akwangosa
Class 17 kosa kwangosa, akosa, akwangosa

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]