Recorded c.1430, "division into shares, distinction," borrowed from Old French particion (modern partition), from Latin partitio, partitionem (“division, portion”), from partitus, the past participle of partire (“to split (up), part(ition)”).
- An action which divides a thing into parts, or separates one thing from another.
- c. 1596–1599, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
- And good from bad find no partition.
- A part of something that has been divided.
- (mathematics) An approach to division in which one asks what the size of each part is, rather than (as in quotition) how many parts there are.
- The division of a territory into two or more autonomous ones.
- Monarchies where partition isn't prohibited risk weakening trough parcellation and civil wars between the heirs
- A vertical structure that divides a room.
- a brick partition; lath and plaster partitions
- That which divides or separates; that by which different things, or distinct parts of the same thing, are separated; boundary; dividing line or space.
- A part divided off by walls; an apartment; a compartment.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 8”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- Lodged in a small partition.
- (law) The severance of common or undivided interests, particularly in real estate. It may be effected by consent of parties, or by compulsion of law.
- (computing) A section of a hard disk separately formatted.
- (databases) A division of a database or one of its constituting elements such as tables into separate independent parts.
- (set theory) A collection of non-empty, disjoint subsets of a set whose union is the set itself (i.e. all elements of the set are contained in exactly one of the subsets).
- (music) A musical score.
- (set theory): The elements of the collection are sometimes called the blocks or parts of the partition.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- To divide something into parts, sections or shares
- To divide a region or country into two or more territories with separate political status
- To separate or divide a room by a partition (ex. a wall), often use with off
partition f (plural partitions)
- (heraldry) a (geometrical) division using two colors
- (music) a score, often comprising all parts
- (databases, computing) partition