partition

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Recorded c.1430, "division into shares, distinction," from Old French particion (modern partition), from Latin partitio (division, portion), from partitus, the past participle of partire (to split (up), part(ition)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

partition (plural partitions)

  1. An action which divides a thing into parts, or separates one thing from another.
    • Shakespeare
      And good from bad find no partition.
  2. A part of something that has been divided.
  3. The division of a territory into two or more autonomous ones.
    Monarchies where partition isn't prohibited risk weakening trough parcellation and civil wars between the heirs
  4. A vertical structure that divides a room.
    a brick partition; lath and plaster partitions
  5. That which divides or separates; that by which different things, or distinct parts of the same thing, are separated; boundary; dividing line or space.
    • Dryden
      No sight could pass / Betwixt the nice partitions of the grass.
  6. A part divided off by walls; an apartment; a compartment.
    • Milton
      Lodged in a small partition.
  7. (law) The severance of common or undivided interests, particularly in real estate. It may be effected by consent of parties, or by compulsion of law.
  8. (computing) A section of a hard disk separately formatted.
  9. (databases) A division of a database or one of its constituting elements such as tables into separate independent parts.
  10. (set theory) A collection of non-empty, disjoint subsets of a set whose union is the set itself (i.e. all elements of the set are contained in exactly one of the subsets).
  11. (music) A musical score.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (set theory): The elements of the collection are sometimes called the blocks or parts of the partition.

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Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

partition (third-person singular simple present partitions, present participle partitioning, simple past and past participle partitioned) (transitive)

  1. To divide something into parts, sections or shares
  2. To divide a region or country into two or more territories with separate political status
  3. To separate or divide a room by a partition (ex. a wall), often use with off

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French[edit]

Noun[edit]

partition f (plural partitions)

  1. (heraldry) a (geometrical) division using two colors
  2. (music) a score comprising all parts
  3. (databases, computing) partition

Derived terms[edit]