From Middle English score, skore, schore, from Old English scoru (“notch; tally; score”), from Old Norse skor, from Proto-Germanic *skurō (“incision; tear; rift”), which is related to *skeraną (“to cut”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (“cut”). Cognate with Icelandic skora, Swedish skåra, Danish skår. Related to shear.
For the sense “twenty”: The mark on a tally made by drovers for every twenty beasts passing through a tollgate.
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: skôr, IPA(key): /skɔː/
- (General American) enPR: skôrʹ, IPA(key): /skɔɹ/
- (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) enPR: skōrʹ, IPA(key): /sko(ː)ɹ/
- (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /skoə/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)
score (plural scores)
- The total number of goals, points, runs, etc. earned by a participant in a game.
- The player with the highest score is the winner.
- The number of points accrued by each of the participants in a game, expressed as a ratio or a series of numbers.
- The score is 8-1 even though it's not even half-time!
- The performance of an individual or group on an examination or test, expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol; a grade.
- The test scores for this class were high.
- Twenty, 20.
- Some words have scores of meanings.
- 1863 November 19, Abraham Lincoln, Dedicatory Remarks (Gettysburg Address), near Soldiers' National Cemetery, →LCCN, Bliss copy, page 1:
- Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 152:
- I went on trying for fish along the western bank down the river, but only small trout rose at my flies, and a score was the total catch.
- (gambling) An amount of money won in gambling; winnings.
- 2013, Arnold Snyder, Big Book of Blackjack:
- Use a few “introductory plays” to become known to a casino before you go for a big score.
- A distance of twenty yards, in ancient archery and gunnery.
- 1612, Michael Drayton, chapter 26, in [John Selden], editor, Poly-Olbion. Or A Chorographicall Description of Tracts, Riuers, Mountaines, Forests, and Other Parts of this Renowned Isle of Great Britaine, […], London: […] H[umphrey] L[ownes] for Mathew Lownes; I. Browne; I. Helme; I. Busbie, published 1613, →OCLC:
- At Markes full fortie score they vs'd to Prick and Roue.
- A weight of twenty pounds.
- (music) The written form of a musical composition showing all instrumental and vocal parts.
- (music) The music of a movie or play.
- 2013 June 29, “Travels and travails”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 55:
- Even without hovering drones, a lurking assassin, a thumping score and a denouement, the real-life story of Edward Snowden, a rogue spy on the run, could be straight out of the cinema. But, as with Hollywood, the subplots and exotic locations may distract from the real message: America’s discomfort and its foes’ glee.
- 2005, Plato, Lesley Brown, transl., Sophist, page 245e:
- Well, although we haven't discussed the views of all those who make precise reckonings of being and not [being], we've done enough on that score.
- Account; reason; motive; sake; behalf.
- 1662, [Samuel Butler], “[The First Part of Hudibras]”, in Hudibras. The First and Second Parts. […], London: […] John Martyn and Henry Herringman, […], published 1678; republished in A[lfred] R[ayney] Waller, editor, Hudibras: Written in the Time of the Late Wars, Cambridge: University Press, 1905, →OCLC:
- But left the trade, as many more / Have lately done on the same score.
- 1665, John Dryden, The Indian Emperour […], London: Printed by J.M. for H. Herringman, published 1667, Act V, scene ii, page 65:
- You act your kindneſs on Cydaria’s ſcore.
- A notch or incision; especially, one that is made as a tally mark; hence, a mark, or line, made for the purpose of account.
- 1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene vii]:
- Whereas, before, our forefathers had no other books but the score and the tally, thou hast caused printing to be used.
- An account or reckoning; account of dues; bill; debt.
- c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene viii]:
- He parted well, and paid his score.
- (US, crime, slang) a criminal act, especially:
- A robbery.
- Let's pull a score!
- 2022, Matt Reeves; Peter Craig, The Batman:
- Batman: Dangerous crowd you're stealing from.
Catwoman: Jesus. Is this how you get your kicks, hon? Sneaking up on girls in the dark?
Batman: Is that why you work in the club? It was all just a score?
- A bribe paid to a police officer.
- An illegal sale, especially of drugs.
- He made a big score.
- A prostitute's client.
- A robbery.
- (originally US, vulgar, slang) A sexual conquest.
- 1976, William C. Thomas, Cat Murkil and the Silks, spoken by Punch:
- Ah, who gives a shit? The only score I'm interested in is the one I might make if some foxy chicks start pilin' outta there.
- (UK, regional) In the Lowestoft area, a narrow pathway running down a cliff to the beach.
- 1975, John Seymour, The Companion Guide to the Coast of North-east England, page 206:
- Above the harbour, steeply up the hill, run The Bolts, narrow stepped passages, equivalent of The Scores of Lowestoft and The Rows of Great Yarmouth.
As a quantity, a score is counted as any other unit: ten score, twelve score, fourteen score, etc. (or tenscore, twelvescore). There is no word for 202; rather, twenty score is used, and twice that forty score.
- (prostitute's client): see Thesaurus:prostitute's client
score (third-person singular simple present scores, present participle scoring, simple past and past participle scored)
- (transitive) To cut a notch or a groove in a surface.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
- A very neat old woman, still in her good outdoor coat and best beehive hat, was sitting at a polished mahogany table on whose surface there were several scored scratches so deep that a triangular piece of the veneer had come cleanly away, […].
- The baker scored the cake so that the servers would know where to slice it.
- (intransitive) To record the tally of points for a game, a match, or an examination.
- (transitive, intransitive) To obtain something desired.
- 1919, W[illiam] Somerset Maugham, “chapter 50”, in The Moon and Sixpence, [New York, N.Y.]: Grosset & Dunlap Publishers […], →OCLC:
- "Of course it would be hypocritical for me to pretend that I regret what Abraham did. After all, I've scored by it."
- To earn points in a game.
- It is unusual for a team to score a hundred goals in one game.
- Pelé scores again!
- 2011 September 29, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3 - 1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport:
- And White Hart Lane was stunned when Rovers scored just five minutes after the restart in front of their away following.
- To achieve (a score) in e.g. a test.
- 2004, Diane McGuinness, Early reading instruction: what science really tells us about how to teach reading:
- At the end of first grade, the children scored 80 percent correct on this test, a value that remained unchanged through third grade.
- (gambling) To win money by gambling.
- 2005, Shannon Nash, For the Love of Money, page 215:
- […] he scored big by hitting the jack pot at the Bellagio (he won $7,000). The next day, he won $15,000 on the nickel machines at the Palm Casino!
- (slang) To acquire or gain.
- 1971, Jagger–Richards; Marianne Faithfull (lyrics and music), “Sister Morphine”, in Sticky Fingers, performed by The Rolling Stones:
- What am I doing in this place? / Why does the doctor have no face? / Oh, I can't crawl across the floor / Ah, can't you see, Sister Morphine, I'm trying to score
- 1975, Andy Mackay & Bryan Ferry (lyrics and music), “Love Is the Drug”, performed by Roxy Music:
- I jump up, bubble up, what's in store? / Love is the drug and I need to score
- I scored some drugs last night.
- Did you score tickets for the concert?
- (US, crime, slang, of a police officer) To extract a bribe.
- (vulgar, slang) To obtain a sexual favor.
- Chris finally scored with Pat last week.
- 1982, Domenic Bugatti; Frank Muskeer; Christopher Cerf (lyrics), “Prowlin'”, in Grease 2:
- Gotta find a chick who'll give you more / Well, there's a spot that I've discovered / Where a guy's guaranteed to score
- (transitive) To provide (a film, etc.) with a musical score.
- 1974, New York Magazine, volume 7, number 45, page 98:
- Godfather II is nothing like ready. It is not yet scored, and thus not mixed. There remain additional shooting, looping, editing.
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||score, scorest†||scored, scoredst†|
|3rd-person singular||scores, scoreth†||scored|
- (to cut a groove in a surface): groove, notch
- (to record the score): keep, score, tally
- (to earn points in a game):
- (to achieve a score in a test):
- (to acquire or gain): come by, earn, obtain; see also Thesaurus:receive
- (to extract a bribe): shake down
- (to obtain a sexual favor): pull
- (to provide with a musical score): soundtrack
- →⇒ Irish: scóráil
- Tom Dalzell, The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English, 2008, page 846
- Jonathon Green (2023), “score n.3”, in Green's Dictionary of Slang
score c (singular definite scoren, plural indefinite scorer)
- score a goal/point
- land (to acquire; to secure)
- (slang) steal
- persuade (someone) to have sex with oneself [from 1959]
score m (plural scores, diminutive scoretje n)
- score (number of points earned)
score m (plural scores)
- score (in a sport, game)
- “score”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
Inherited from Old English scoru, from Old Norse skor, from Proto-Germanic *skurō.
score (plural scores)
- “scōr(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
Via English score, from Old Norse skor. Related to Old Norse skera (modern Norwegian Bokmål skjære).
score m (definite singular scoren, indefinite plural scorer, definite plural scorene)
- a score
score (imperative scor, present tense scorer, passive scores, simple past and past participle scora or scoret, present participle scorende)
- to score (earn points in a game)
Borrowed from English score. Doublet of skòr.
score m (definite singular scoren, indefinite plural scorar, definite plural scorane)
- a score
score (present tense scorar, past tense scora, past participle scora, passive infinitive scorast, present participle scorande, imperative score/scor)
- to score (earn points in a game)
- “score” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
Unadapted borrowing from English score.
score m (plural scores)
According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.
From Middle English score, from Old English scoru.
- 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1:
- An aar was a hundereth lauckeen vowre score.
- And there was a hundred, lacking four score;
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 94
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
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- English cardinal numbers
- en:Historical numbers
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