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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English yard, ȝerd, ȝeard, from Old English ġeard (yard, garden, fence, enclosure, enclosed place, court, residence, dwelling, home, region, land; hedge), from Proto-Germanic *gardaz (enclosure, yard) (compare Dutch gaard, obsolete German Gart, Swedish gård), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰos or *ǵʰortós, from *ǵʰer- (to enclose) (compare Old Irish gort (wheat field), Latin hortus (garden), Tocharian B kerccī (palace), Lithuanian gardas (pen, enclosure), Russian город (górod, town), Albanian gardh (fence), Romanian gard, Ancient Greek χόρτος (khórtos, farmyard), Avestan [script needed] (gərədha, dev's cave), Sanskrit गृहास (gŗhás).


yard (plural yards)

  1. A small, usually uncultivated area adjoining or (now especially) within the precincts of a house or other building (Wikipedia).
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.
  2. An enclosed area designated for a specific purpose, e.g. on farms, railways etc.
    • 1931, Francis Beeding, chapter 2/2, Death Walks in Eastrepps[1]:
      A little further on, to the right, was a large garage, where the charabancs stood, half in and half out of the yard.
  3. A place where moose or deer herd together in winter for pasture, protection, etc.
  4. (Jamaica) One’s house or home.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Derived terms[edit]

See also Yard


yard (third-person singular simple present yards, present participle yarding, simple past and past participle yarded)

  1. (transitive) To confine to a yard.
    • 1893, Elijah Kellogg, Good old times, or, Grandfather's struggles for a homestead
      As they reached the door, Bose, having yarded the cows, was stealing around the corner of the pig-sty, and making for the woods.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English yerd, ȝerd, from Old English ġierd, ġerd (yard, rod, staff, stake, fagot, twig; measure of length), from Proto-Germanic *gazdijō. Cognate with Dutch gard (twig), German Gerte.


yard (plural yards)

  1. (nautical) A long tapered timber hung on a mast to which is bent a sail, and may be further qualified as a square, lateen, or lug yard. The first is hung at right angles to the mast, the latter two hang obliquely.
  2. (nautical) Any spar carried aloft (Wikipedia).
  3. A staff, rod or stick.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  4. A unit of length equal to three feet (exactly 0.9144 metres in the US and UK; Wikipedia).
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’ [].” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.
  5. (US, slang) One hundred dollars.
  6. (obsolete) The penis.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.12:
      there were some people found who tooke pleasure to unhood the end of their yard, and to cut off the fore-skinne after the manner of the Mahometans and Jewes [].
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Corruption of French milliard.


yard (plural yards)

  1. (finance) 109, A short scale billion; a long scale thousand millions or milliard.
    I need to hedge a yard of yen.




yard m (plural yards)

  1. yard (unit of length)

External links[edit]



yard f (plural yard)

  1. yard (unit of length)