staff

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See also: Staff

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English staf, from Old English stæf, from Proto-West Germanic *stab, from Proto-Germanic *stabaz. Cognate with Dutch staf, German Stab, Swedish stav.

Sense of "group of military officers that assists a commander" and similar meanings, attested from 1702, is influenced from German Stab.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

staff (countable and uncountable, plural staffs or staves or staff)

A musical staff
  1. (plural staffs or staves) A long, straight, thick wooden rod or stick, especially one used to assist in walking.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Exodus 12:11, column 2:
      And thus ſhall ye eate it [the lamb]: with your loines girded, your ſhooes on your feet, and your ſtaffe in your hand: and ye ſhall eate it in haſte: it is the Lords Paſſeouer.
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, in Pulling the Strings:
      The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff.
  2. (music, plural staves) A series of horizontal lines on which musical notes are written; a stave.
  3. (plural staff or staffs) The employees of a business.
    The company employed 10 new members of staff this month.
    The company has taken on 1600 more highly-paid staff.
    • 1940 July, “Notes and News: A Magnificent Transport Achievement”, in Railway Magazine, page 419:
      No department of the Southern Railway escaped some share of the work involved, and the outdoor traffic and locomotive staffs in particular were engaged literally night and day, snatching a few hours' sleep as opportunity offered, until the task was completed.
    • 2011 December 16, Denis Campbell, “Hospital staff 'lack skills to cope with dementia patients'”, in Guardian:
      Most staff do not have the skills to cope with such challenging patients, who too often receive "impersonal" care and suffer from boredom, the first National Audit of Dementia found. It says hospitals should introduce "dementia champions".
  4. (uncountable) A mixture of plaster and fibre used as a temporary exterior wall covering.W
  5. A pole, stick, or wand borne as an ensign of authority; a badge of office.
    a constable's staff
  6. A pole upon which a flag is supported and displayed.
  7. (archaic) The rung of a ladder.
    • 1739, John Campbell, The Travels and Adventures of Edward Bevan, Esq.
      I ascend at one [ladder] of six hundred and thirty-nine staves.
  8. A series of verses so disposed that, when it is concluded, the same order begins again; a stanza; a stave.
    • 1697, “To the Most Honourable John, Lord Marquess of Normanby, Earl of Mulgrave, &c. and Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter”, in Virgil; John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432, page [192]:
      Mr. Cowley had found out, that no kind of Staff is proper for an Heroick Poem; as being all too lirical:
  9. (engineering) An arbor, as of a wheel or a pinion of a watch.
  10. (surgery) The grooved director for the gorget, or knife, used in cutting for stone in the bladder.
  11. (military) An establishment of officers in various departments attached to an army, to a section of an army, or to the commander of an army. The general's staff consists of those officers about his person who are employed in carrying his commands into execution.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • French: staff
  • Italian: staff
  • Japanese: スタッフ (sutaffu)
  • Korean: 스태프 (seutaepeu)
  • Portuguese: stafe, staff, estafe
  • Spanish: staff
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

staff (third-person singular simple present staffs, present participle staffing, simple past and past participle staffed)

  1. (transitive) To supply (a business, volunteer organization, etc.) with employees or staff members.
    • 1960 December, Voyageur, “The Mountain Railways of the Bernese Oberland”, in Trains Illustrated, page 750:
      Interlaken East station is jointly owned with the standard gauge Bern-Lötschberg-Simplon Railway from Bern and Thun and the Swiss Federal Railways metre-gauge Brünig line from Lucerne, but is managed and staffed by the Bernese Oberland group.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

staff

  1. Misspelling of staph.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

staff m (uncountable)

  1. staff (employees)

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

19th century. Obscure, possibly from German staffieren or Old French estofer (modern French étoffer)

Noun[edit]

staff m (plural staffs)

  1. staff, mixture of plaster and fibre
    Le staff apparaît grâce au Français Mézier qui vers 1850 a l'idée de réaliser une première corniche préfabriquée armée d'une toile de jute. Dès lors l'emploi du staff se développe rapidement jusqu'à atteindre son apogée à la belle époque. (Wikipédia)
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

20th century. From English staff.

Noun[edit]

staff m (plural staffs)

  1. staff, employees of a business
    Synonyms: équipe, personnel
    les membres du staff.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. governing body (army, corporation, administration, etc.)
    • 1959, H. Bazin, Fin asiles, p. 81:
      Il avait été prévu une centaine d'infirmiers et un staff comprenant le médecin-chef, deux assistants, six internes.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English staff.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstaf/
  • Rhymes: -af
  • Hyphenation: stàff

Noun[edit]

staff m (invariable)

  1. staff (people)

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

staff

  1. Alternative form of staf

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English staff.

Noun[edit]

staff m (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of stafe

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English staff.

Noun[edit]

staff n (plural staffuri)

  1. staff

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English staff.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /esˈtaf/, [esˈt̪af]

Noun[edit]

staff m (uncountable)

  1. staff (employees)
    • 2015 September 12, “Más que un club”, in El País[1]:
      Albiol regatea la caseta de Ciudadanos y llega al área de la de Sociedad Civil Catalana, otra ONG no-nacionalista, sobre la que el periodista Jordi Borràs, por cierto, acaba de sacar articulazo vinculando a su staff con la extrema derecha, ese equipo.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English staff

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

staff f (plural staffiau, not mutable)

  1. staff (employees of a business; commanding officers)

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “staff”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies