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From Middle English surgerie, from Old French surgerie, from Latin chirurgia, from Ancient Greek χειρουργία (kheirourgía), from χείρ (kheír, hand) + ἔργον (érgon, work). Doublet of chirurgy.



surgery (countable and uncountable, plural surgeries)

  1. (medicine) A procedure involving major incisions to remove, repair, or replace a part of a body.
    Surgery is often necessary to prevent cancer from spreading.
  2. (medicine) The medical specialty related to the performance of surgical procedures.
  3. A room or department where surgery is performed.
    • 2006, Philip Ball, The Devil's Doctor, Arrow, page 51:
      The physician's proper place was in the library, not in the surgery.
  4. (Britain) A doctor's office.
    I dropped in on the surgery as I was passing to show the doctor my hemorrhoids.
  5. (Britain) Any arrangement where people arrive and wait for an interview with certain people, particularly a politician. cf. clinic.
    Our MP will be holding a surgery in the village hall on Tuesday.
  6. (finance, bankruptcy, slang) A pre-packaged bankruptcy or "quick bankruptcy".
  7. (topology) The production of a manifold by removing parts of one manifold and replacing them with corresponding parts of others.
  8. (by extension, figurative) Drastic changes made to anything.
    • 2019, Ian Griffiths, Programming C# 8.0: Build Cloud, Web, and Desktop Applications, page 716:
      The C# compiler evidently performs some major surgery on your code each time you use the await keyword.




Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.



Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of surgerie