sala

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish, from Germanic; compare Swedish sal.

Noun[edit]

sala (plural salas)

  1. A large hall or reception room.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Thai ศาลา (sǎa-laa).

Noun[edit]

sala (plural salas)

  1. An open pavilion in Thailand used as a meeting place or to shelter from the weather.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Noun[edit]

sala f (plural sales)

  1. room
  2. hall

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

sala

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of salar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of salar

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish sala.

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. the living room

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown.

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. a tree, Lepidopetalum perrottetii

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *salaq.

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. (theology) a sin

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsala/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Adjective[edit]

sala (accusative singular salan, plural salaj, accusative plural salajn)

  1. salty

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *sala (to hide, steal, thief). Cognate to Finnish sala (secret), Northern Sami suoládit (to keep secret, to conceal), Northern Sami suola (thief), Eastern Mari šolšta- (šolšta-, to steal), Tundra Nenets талей (thief), Tundra Nenets талесь (to steal), Nganasan толар- (to conceal), and Ket Selkup tuel- (secret).

Adverb[edit]

sala

  1. secretly

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *salan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *zalan, from Proto-Austronesian *zalan.

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. path (a trail for the use of, or worn by, pedestrians)
  2. path (a course taken)
  3. road (a way for travel)
  4. road (a path in life)
  5. street (paved part of road in a village or a town)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *sala (to hide, steal, thief). Cognates include Estonian sala (secretly), Northern Sami suoládit (to keep secret, to conceal), Northern Sami suola (thief), Eastern Mari šolšta- (šolšta-, to steal), Tundra Nenets талей (thief), Tundra Nenets талесь (to steal), Nganasan толар- (to conceal), and Ket Selkup tuel- (secret).

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. (dated) A secret; currently used mostly idiomatically and as modifier in compound terms.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative sala salat
genitive salan salojen
partitive salaa saloja
illative salaan saloihin
singular plural
nominative sala salat
accusative nom. sala salat
gen. salan
genitive salan salojen
salainrare
partitive salaa saloja
inessive salassa saloissa
elative salasta saloista
illative salaan saloihin
adessive salalla saloilla
ablative salalta saloilta
allative salalle saloille
essive salana saloina
translative salaksi saloiksi
instructive saloin
abessive salatta saloitta
comitative saloineen

Synonyms[edit]

salaisuus

Derived terms[edit]

sala-

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Uralic etymology, Sergei Starostin

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sala

  1. third-person singular past historic of saler

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala f (genitive singular sölu, nominative plural sölur)

  1. sale (act of selling)

Declension[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. secret

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French salle.

Noun[edit]

sala f (plural sale)

  1. room
  2. hall
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Via Latin asse.

Noun[edit]

sala f (plural sale)

  1. axis
  2. sedge

Verb[edit]

sala

  1. third-person singular present indicative of salare
  2. second-person singular imperative of salare

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. nominative plural of salum
  2. accusative plural of salum
  3. vocative plural of salum

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 sala on Latvian Wikipedia
Sala
Sala

There are different opinions on the origin of this word. Some derive it from Proto-Baltic *sel-, *sal-, from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, a variant of *ser- (to flow); in this case, the original meaning would have been “stream, river,” from which “body of water”(cf. Lithuanian sálti (to flow slowly), Ancient Greek ἕlos (hélos, swamp) (< *selos), Sanskrit सरः (sáraḥ, lake, pond), perhaps also Latin insula < *in-sal-, and several river names: Salaca, Salica > Selke in Germany, Salate), then “something inside (a body of water),” “island.” Others derive sala from *ap(i)sala, from a verb meaning “to flow” (cf. Russian о́стров (óstrov, island), from Proto-Slavic *o-strovь, so that the original meaning would be “that which is surrounded by flowing (water)”). Others still consider sala to come from Proto-Indo-European *swel- (to swell), with as original meaning “(river) silt, deposits, sediments.” Cognates include Lithuanian salà; comparable Baltic-Finnic terms (Livonian sala (island), Estonian salu (swamp island), Finnish salo (forest island; forest)) are considered as borrowings from Baltic.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

sala f (4th declension)

  1. island (relatively small amount of land surrounded by water in a river, sea, or ocean)
    okeāna, jūras, ezera salaocean, sea, lake island
    salu grupasgroups of islands
    vulkāniskā salaVolcanic island
    sanesumu saladrift island
    kontinentālā salacontinental island
    koraļļu salacoral island
    Madagaskaras salathe island of Madagascar
  2. island (higher place in a swamp or forest)
    cilvēki rakuši mantu zemē un ar lopiem un vezumiem mēģinājuši noslēpties silos un purvu salāsthe people hid their property in the land and with (their) cattle and wagons tried to hide in the pine forest and swamp islands
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See sals.

Noun[edit]

sala m

  1. genitive singular form of sals

Verb[edit]

sala

  1. 3rd person singular past indicative form of salt
  2. 3rd person plural past indicative form of salt

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sala”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See Latvian sala.

Noun[edit]

salà f (plural sãlos) stress pattern 4

  1. isle, island

Declension[edit]


Livonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to Finnish sala.

Adjective[edit]

sala

  1. secret

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from a Baltic language, compare Lithuanian sala.

Noun[edit]

sala

  1. island

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French salle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala f (diminutive salka)

  1. hall (e.g. lecture or assembly)
    Synonym: aula
  2. room
  3. (figuratively) audience, auditorium
    Synonym: widownia

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *salaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala f (plural salas)

  1. room (division in a building)
    Synonym: aposento, câmara, quarto (especially a bedroom)
  2. (specifically) living room
    Synonym: sala de estar
  3. classroom
    Synonym: sala de aula

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:sala.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Saal.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sǎːla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun[edit]

sála f (Cyrillic spelling са́ла)

  1. (colloquial) hall, auditorium
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (salȃ), from Arabic صلاة(ṣalā̕).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sǎla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun[edit]

sàla f (Cyrillic spelling са̀ла)

  1. (Islam) a prayer recited by a muezzin on a minaret on the occasion of someone's death
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (sal).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sâla/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧la

Noun[edit]

sȁla f (Cyrillic spelling са̏ла)

  1. (regional, usually in the plural) stretcher
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sala”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018
  • sala”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 544

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *salą, see also German Saal, Middle Low German seli, Old High German sal, from Proto-Indo-European *sel- (human settlement, village, dwelling).

Noun[edit]

sala f (plural salas)

  1. room
    sala de estarliving room
  2. large hall
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sala

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of salar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of salar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of salar.

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

sala (n class, plural sala)

  1. Alternative form of swala

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb[edit]

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to stay behind, to remain

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *salaq (compare Indonesian salah, Malay salah)

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈsalaʔ/

Noun[edit]

salà

  1. crime

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sala (root word)

  1. to strain; to sift

Derived terms[edit]


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb[edit]

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to stay

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-tígada, derived from Proto-Bantu *-tíga.

Verb[edit]

-sála

  1. (intransitive) to remain, stay behind, be left over

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukusala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusala ukungasali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular sala -sale
Plural salani -saleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasala, ngisala engisalayo, engisala ngisala angisali engingasali ngingasali
2nd singular uyasala, usala osalayo, osala usala awusali ongasali ungasali
1st plural siyasala, sisala esisalayo, esisala sisala asisali esingasali singasali
2nd plural niyasala, nisala enisalayo, enisala nisala anisali eningasali ningasali
Class 1 uyasala, usala osalayo, osala esala akasali ongasali engasali
Class 2 bayasala, basala abasalayo, abasala besala abasali abangasali bengasali
Class 3 uyasala, usala osalayo, osala usala awusali ongasali ungasali
Class 4 iyasala, isala esalayo, esala isala ayisali engasali ingasali
Class 5 liyasala, lisala elisalayo, elisala lisala alisali elingasali lingasali
Class 6 ayasala, asala asalayo, asala esala awasali angasali engasali
Class 7 siyasala, sisala esisalayo, esisala sisala asisali esingasali singasali
Class 8 ziyasala, zisala ezisalayo, ezisala zisala azisali ezingasali zingasali
Class 9 iyasala, isala esalayo, esala isala ayisali engasali ingasali
Class 10 ziyasala, zisala ezisalayo, ezisala zisala azisali ezingasali zingasali
Class 11 luyasala, lusala olusalayo, olusala lusala alusali olungasali lungasali
Class 14 buyasala, busala obusalayo, obusala busala abusali obungasali bungasali
Class 15 kuyasala, kusala okusalayo, okusala kusala akusali okungasali kungasali
Class 17 kuyasala, kusala okusalayo, okusala kusala akusali okungasali kungasali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisalile, ngisalē engisalile, engisalē ngisalile, ngisalē angisalanga engingasalanga ngingasalanga
2nd singular usalile, usalē osalile, osalē usalile, usalē awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
1st plural sisalile, sisalē esisalile, esisalē sisalile, sisalē asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
2nd plural nisalile, nisalē enisalile, enisalē nisalile, nisalē anisalanga eningasalanga ningasalanga
Class 1 usalile, usalē osalile, osalē esalile, esalē akasalanga ongasalanga engasalanga
Class 2 basalile, basalē abasalile, abasalē besalile, besalē abasalanga abangasalanga bengasalanga
Class 3 usalile, usalē osalile, osalē usalile, usalē awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
Class 4 isalile, isalē esalile, esalē isalile, isalē ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 5 lisalile, lisalē elisalile, elisalē lisalile, lisalē alisalanga elingasalanga lingasalanga
Class 6 asalile, asalē asalile, asalē esalile, esalē awasalanga angasalanga engasalanga
Class 7 sisalile, sisalē esisalile, esisalē sisalile, sisalē asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
Class 8 zisalile, zisalē ezisalile, ezisalē zisalile, zisalē azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 9 isalile, isalē esalile, esalē isalile, isalē ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 10 zisalile, zisalē ezisalile, ezisalē zisalile, zisalē azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 11 lusalile, lusalē olusalile, olusalē lusalile, lusalē alusalanga olungasalanga lungasalanga
Class 14 busalile, busalē obusalile, obusalē busalile, busalē abusalanga obungasalanga bungasalanga
Class 15 kusalile, kusalē okusalile, okusalē kusalile, kusalē akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Class 17 kusalile, kusalē okusalile, okusalē kusalile, kusalē akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsala engāsala ngāsala angisalanga engingasalanga ngingasalanga
2nd singular wāsala owāsala wāsala awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
1st plural sāsala esāsala sāsala asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
2nd plural nāsala enāsala nāsala anisalanga eningasalanga ningasalanga
Class 1 wāsala owāsala āsala akasalanga ongasalanga engasalanga
Class 2 bāsala abāsala bāsala abasalanga abangasalanga bengasalanga
Class 3 wāsala owāsala wāsala awusalanga ongasalanga ungasalanga
Class 4 yāsala eyāsala yāsala ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 5 lāsala elāsala lāsala alisalanga elingasalanga lingasalanga
Class 6 āsala āsala āsala awasalanga angasalanga engasalanga
Class 7 sāsala esāsala sāsala asisalanga esingasalanga singasalanga
Class 8 zāsala ezāsala zāsala azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 9 yāsala eyāsala yāsala ayisalanga engasalanga ingasalanga
Class 10 zāsala ezāsala zāsala azisalanga ezingasalanga zingasalanga
Class 11 lwāsala olwāsala lwāsala alusalanga olungasalanga lungasalanga
Class 14 bāsala obāsala bāsala abusalanga obungasalanga bungasalanga
Class 15 kwāsala okwāsala kwāsala akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Class 17 kwāsala okwāsala kwāsala akusalanga okungasalanga kungasalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasala ngingasala ngingesale ngingesale
2nd singular ungasala ungasala ungesale ungesale
1st plural singasala singasala singesale singesale
2nd plural ningasala ningasala ningesale ningesale
Class 1 angasala engasala angesale engesale
Class 2 bangasala bengasala bangesale bengesale
Class 3 ungasala ungasala ungesale ungesale
Class 4 ingasala ingasala ingesale ingesale
Class 5 lingasala lingasala lingesale lingesale
Class 6 angasala engasala angesale engesale
Class 7 singasala singasala singesale singesale
Class 8 zingasala zingasala zingesale zingesale
Class 9 ingasala ingasala ingesale ingesale
Class 10 zingasala zingasala zingesale zingesale
Class 11 lungasala lungasala lungesale lungesale
Class 14 bungasala bungasala bungesale bungesale
Class 15 kungasala kungasala kungesale kungesale
Class 17 kungasala kungasala kungesale kungesale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosala engizosala ngizosala angizusala ngingezusala
2nd singular uzosala ozosala uzosala awuzusala ungezusala
1st plural sizosala esizosala sizosala asizusala singezusala
2nd plural nizosala enizosala nizosala anizusala ningezusala
Class 1 uzosala ozosala ezosala akazusala engezusala
Class 2 bazosala abazosala bezosala abazusala bengezusala
Class 3 uzosala ozosala uzosala awuzusala ungezusala
Class 4 izosala ezosala izosala ayizusala ingezusala
Class 5 lizosala elizosala lizosala alizusala lingezusala
Class 6 azosala azosala ezosala awazusala engezusala
Class 7 sizosala esizosala sizosala asizusala singezusala
Class 8 zizosala ezizosala zizosala azizusala zingezusala
Class 9 izosala ezosala izosala ayizusala ingezusala
Class 10 zizosala ezizosala zizosala azizusala zingezusala
Class 11 luzosala oluzosala luzosala aluzusala lungezusala
Class 14 buzosala obuzosala buzosala abuzusala bungezusala
Class 15 kuzosala okuzosala kuzosala akuzusala kungezusala
Class 17 kuzosala okuzosala kuzosala akuzusala kungezusala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosala engiyosala ngiyosala angiyusala ngingeyusala
2nd singular uyosala oyosala uyosala awuyusala ungeyusala
1st plural siyosala esiyosala siyosala asiyusala singeyusala
2nd plural niyosala eniyosala niyosala aniyusala ningeyusala
Class 1 uyosala oyosala eyosala akayusala engeyusala
Class 2 bayosala abayosala beyosala abayusala bengeyusala
Class 3 uyosala oyosala uyosala awuyusala ungeyusala
Class 4 iyosala eyosala iyosala ayiyusala ingeyusala
Class 5 liyosala eliyosala liyosala aliyusala lingeyusala
Class 6 ayosala ayosala eyosala awayusala engeyusala
Class 7 siyosala esiyosala siyosala asiyusala singeyusala
Class 8 ziyosala eziyosala ziyosala aziyusala zingeyusala
Class 9 iyosala eyosala iyosala ayiyusala ingeyusala
Class 10 ziyosala eziyosala ziyosala aziyusala zingeyusala
Class 11 luyosala oluyosala luyosala aluyusala lungeyusala
Class 14 buyosala obuyosala buyosala abuyusala bungeyusala
Class 15 kuyosala okuyosala kuyosala akuyusala kungeyusala
Class 17 kuyosala okuyosala kuyosala akuyusala kungeyusala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisale ngingasali
2nd singular usale ungasali
1st plural sisale singasali
2nd plural nisale ningasali
Class 1 asale angasali
Class 2 basale bangasali
Class 3 usale ungasali
Class 4 isale ingasali
Class 5 lisale lingasali
Class 6 asale angasali
Class 7 sisale singasali
Class 8 zisale zingasali
Class 9 isale ingasali
Class 10 zisale zingasali
Class 11 lusale lungasali
Class 14 busale bungasali
Class 15 kusale kungasali
Class 17 kusale kungasali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasala ngangasala, angasala, angangasala
2nd singular wasala wangasala, awasala, awangasala
1st plural sasala sangasala, asasala, asangasala
2nd plural nasala nangasala, anasala, anangasala
Class 1 wasala wangasala, akasala, akangasala
Class 2 basala bangasala, abasala, abangasala
Class 3 wasala wangasala, awasala, awangasala
Class 4 yasala yangasala, ayasala, ayangasala
Class 5 lasala langasala, alasala, alangasala
Class 6 asala angasala, awasala, awangasala
Class 7 sasala sangasala, asasala, asangasala
Class 8 zasala zangasala, azasala, azangasala
Class 9 yasala yangasala, ayasala, ayangasala
Class 10 zasala zangasala, azasala, azangasala
Class 11 lwasala lwangasala, alwasala, alwangasala
Class 14 basala bangasala, abasala, abangasala
Class 15 kwasala kwangasala, akwasala, akwangasala
Class 17 kwasala kwangasala, akwasala, akwangasala

References[edit]