छल

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀙𑀮 (chala), from Sanskrit छल (chala).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃʰəl/, [t͡ʃʰəl̪]
  • Rhymes: -əl

Noun[edit]

छल (chalm (Urdu spelling چهل‎)

  1. fraud, deceit; excuse
    Synonym: धोखा (dhokhā)
  2. ruse, ploy, plot

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “छल”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884) , “छल”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989) , “छल”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

छल n

  1. Devanagari script form of chala

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root छल् (chal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

छल (chalan

  1. fraud, deceit, sham, guise, pretence, delusion, semblance, fiction, feint, trick, fallacy
  2. deceitful disputation, perverting the sense of words
  3. wickedness

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of छल (chala)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative छलम्
chalam
छले
chale
छलानि / छला¹
chalāni / chalā¹
Vocative छल
chala
छले
chale
छलानि / छला¹
chalāni / chalā¹
Accusative छलम्
chalam
छले
chale
छलानि / छला¹
chalāni / chalā¹
Instrumental छलेन
chalena
छलाभ्याम्
chalābhyām
छलैः / छलेभिः¹
chalaiḥ / chalebhiḥ¹
Dative छलाय
chalāya
छलाभ्याम्
chalābhyām
छलेभ्यः
chalebhyaḥ
Ablative छलात्
chalāt
छलाभ्याम्
chalābhyām
छलेभ्यः
chalebhyaḥ
Genitive छलस्य
chalasya
छलयोः
chalayoḥ
छलानाम्
chalānām
Locative छले
chale
छलयोः
chalayoḥ
छलेषु
chaleṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]