- 1 English
- 2 Danish
- 3 Esperanto
- 4 French
- 5 Norwegian Bokmål
- 6 Norwegian Nynorsk
- 7 Old French
- 8 Romanian
From Middle English rūse (“evasive movements of a pursued animal; circuitous course taken by a hunter to pursue a game animal”), from Old French rëuse, ruse (“evasive movements of a pursued animal; trickery”) (modern French ruse (“trick, ruse; cunning, guile”)), from ruser (“to use cunning, to be crafty, beguile”), possibly from Latin rursus (“backward; on the contrary; again, in return”) or Latin recūsāre, from recūsō (“to decline, refuse; to object to, protest, reject”).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: ro͞oz, IPA(key): /ɹuːz/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɹuz/
- Rhymes: -uːz
- Homophones: roos, rues
- (countable) An action intended to deceive; a trick.
- 2012 August 12, Anthony Wile, interviewer; Jeffrey Tucker, “Exclusive Interview: Jeffrey Tucker on Laissez Faire Books, Intellectual Property Rights and ‘Beautiful Anarchy’”, in The Daily Bell, archived from the original on 8 August 2017:
- Politics is a dirty business, a ruse, an ideological cul-de-sac, a vast looter of intellectual and financial resources, a lie that corrupts, a deceiver, a means of unleashing vast evil in the world of the most unexpected and undetected sort and the greatest diverter of human productivity ever concocted by those who do not believe in authentic social and economic progress.
- (uncountable) Cunning, guile, trickery.
- 1873, G[eorge] W[illiam] Kitchin, “The Deeds of Charles V, ‘the Wise.’ a.d. 1360–1380.”, in A History of France down to the Year 1453 (Clarendon Press Series), Oxford: At the University Press, OCLC 854848200, pages 456–457:
- [H]e [Bertrand du Guesclin] had great natural cunning, that half-savage quality, was full of ruse and trick in war, he was contemptuous towards the high noblesse, but gentle to the poor, and generous to his friends.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
ruse f (plural ruses)
- “ruse” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- “ruse” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- “ruse” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
- evasive movements of a pursued animal
- (by extension) trickery
- (by extension) dream; daydream; fantasy
- (by extension) lie; untruth
ruse f pl, n pl