- 1 English
- 2 Danish
- 3 Dutch
- 4 Norwegian Bokmål
- 5 Norwegian Nynorsk
From Middle English rust, rost, roust, from Old English rust, rūst (“rust”), from Proto-Germanic *rustaz (“rust”), from Proto-Indo-European *rudʰso- (“red”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (“red”). Cognate with Scots roust (“rust”), Saterland Frisian rust (“rust”), West Frisian roast (“rust”), Dutch roest (“rust”), German Rost (“rust”), Danish rust (“rust”), Swedish rost (“rust”), Norwegian rust, ryst (“rust”). Related to red.
- The deteriorated state of iron or steel as a result of moisture and oxidation.
- The rust on my bicycle chain made cycling to work very dangerous.
- A similar substance based on another metal (usually with qualification, such as "copper rust").
- aerugo. Green or blue-green copper rust; verdigris. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1973)
- A reddish-brown color.
- rust colour:
- A disease of plants caused by a reddish-brown fungus.
- (intransitive) To oxidize, especially of iron or steel.
- The patio furniture had rusted in the wind-driven spray.
- (transitive) To cause to oxidize.
- The wind-driven spray had thoroughly rusted the patio furniture.
- (intransitive) To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust.
- (transitive, intransitive, figuratively) To (cause to) degenerate in idleness; to make or become dull or impaired by inaction.
- Must I rust in Egypt? never more / Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece?
rust c (singular definite rusten, not used in plural form)
- imperative of
rust f, m (plural rusten)
- rest, calm, peace
- Waarom laat je me niet met rust?. - Why don't you leave me alone?
- (sports) half-time
See etymology on the main entry.
- imperative of