From Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir (“to roast”) (Modern French: rôtir), from Frankish *rōstijan (“to roast”), from Proto-Germanic *raustijaną (“to roast”), from Proto-Indo-European *rews- (“to crackle; roast”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian rosterje (“to roast”), Dutch roosten, roosteren (“to roast”), German rösten (“to roast”).
- (General American) enPR: rōst, IPA(key): /ɹoʊst/
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: rōst, IPA(key): /ɹəʊst/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊst
- (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
- to roast meat on a spit
- To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
- to roast a potato in ashes
- Francis Bacon
- In eggs boiled and roasted there is scarce difference to be discerned.
- (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
- Coffee beans need roasting before use.
- to roast chestnuts or peanuts
- To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
- roasted in wrath and fire
- (transitive, figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
- I’m late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
- (transitive, figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
- The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
- (metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
roast (plural roasts)
- A cut of meat suited to roasting
- A meal consisting of roast foods.
- The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
- Dark roast means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light roast.
- (Originally fraternal) A comical event where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.
roast (not comparable)