焼く

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE, and in the Man'yōshū completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "焼く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
焼く [yàkú]
Imperative (命令形) 焼け [yàké]
Key constructions
Passive 焼かれる かれる [yàkárérú]
Causative 焼かせる かせる [yàkásérú]
Potential 焼ける ける [yàkérú]
Volitional 焼こう [yàkóꜜò]
Negative 焼かない かない [yàkánáí]
Negative perfective 焼かなかった かなかった [yàkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 焼きます きま [yàkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 焼いた いた [yàítá]
Conjunctive 焼いて いて [yàíté]
Hypothetical conditional 焼けば [yàkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

焼く (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 燒く, transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana やく, rōmaji yaku)

Japanese verb pair
active 焼く
mediopassive 焼ける
  1. to change something by means of fire, light, chemicals, or other means:
    1. to burn
    2. to burn (to write data to a permanent storage medium)
    3. to use heat or flame to prepare something for eating or using:
      1. (cooking) to grill
      2. (cooking) to broil
      3. (cooking) to fry
      4. (cooking) to toast
      5. (cooking) to roast
      6. (cooking) to bake
      7. (pottery) to fire
    4. to expose to sunlight and cause to change color: to tan one's skin
    5. (photography) to print a photograph by shining a light through a negative

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

焼く (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 燒く, intransitive, shimo nidan conjugation, hiragana やく, rōmaji yaku)

  1. (obsolete) to change on its own by means of fire, light, chemicals, or other means: to burn, to tan, to be cooked

Usage notes[edit]

The intransitive use of yaku is now obsolete, and has been superseded by the modern form 焼ける (yakeru).

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 15, poem 3652), text here
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN