平板型

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
へい
Grade: 3
ばん
Grade: 3
かた > がた
Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 平板 (heiban, flat; monotone) +‎ (gata, type)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) ーばんがた [hèébáńgátá] (Heiban – [0])
  • IPA(key): [he̞ːbã̠ŋɡa̠ta̠]

Noun[edit]

平板型 (hiragana へいばんがた, rōmaji heiban-gata)

  1. (phonetics) monotone type:
    The most common pitch accent pattern in “standard” Japanese or  (ひょう) (じゅん) () (hyōjungo), as used in the mass media, where no syllable is accented: the first syllable has a low pitch and all subsequent syllables have a higher, gradually lowering pitch.

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

All accent patterns in Japanese may be described as either 平板式 (へいばんしき) (heiban-shiki) or  ()伏式 (ふくしき) (kifuku-shiki). While  ()伏式 (ふくしき) (kifuku-shiki) is further divided into  (あたま)高型 (だかがた) (atamadaka-gata), 中高型 (なかだかがた) (nakadaka-gata), and  ()高型 (だかがた) (odaka-gata), there are no subcategories to 平板式 (へいばんしき) (heiban-shiki). When contrasting with  (あたま)高型 (だかがた) (atamadaka-gata), 中高型 (なかだかがた) (nakadaka-gata), or  ()高型 (だかがた) (odaka-gata), it is customary to use the word 平板型 (へいばんがた) (heiban-gata) to avoid the inconsistency of comparing  (がた) (-gata) with  (しき) (-shiki).

See also[edit]