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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
平-bw.png
Stroke order
平-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一火十 (MFJ), four-corner 10409, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 646, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 407, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
平-bronze.svg 平-bigseal.svg 平-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
/pʰin²⁴/ ~時
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
/pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
/pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
/piaŋ³³/ ~均
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
/pẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
/ʔbɛ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (77) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇn/ /bɣiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛn/ /bɯiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæn/ /biaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bian/ /biajŋ/
Li
Rong
/biɛn/ /biɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛn/ /bĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛn/ /bʱi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pián píng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pián píng píng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjien › ‹ bjæng › ‹ bjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]en/ /*breŋ/ /*m-breŋ/
English distinguish; punctiious even (adj.) make even

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9812 9818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
便
Old
Chinese
/*ben/ /*beŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. level; even; flat
  2. even
    • Synonyms: (jūn)
  3. to level
  4. calm; peaceful
  5. peace
  6. to pacify
  7. (used in placenames of conquered lands) pacified territory
  8. ordinary; common; mediocre; average
    • Synonyms: (cháng), (yōng)
    • Antonyms: (), ()
  9. (Cantonese, Hakka) cheap; inexpensive
  10. A surname​, number 95 of the Baijiaxing

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 ("cheap")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Meixian 便宜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Taiwanese Raoping 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Min Nan Quanzhou 便宜
Xiamen 便宜
Zhangzhou 便宜
Taipei 便宜
Kaohsiung 便宜
Chaozhou 便

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. even
  2. calm, peaceful
  3. ordinary, common, mediocre, average

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たいら, romaji Taira, historical hiragana たひら)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pyeong, pyeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeong, pyeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏng, p'yŏn)

  1. (평평하다, pyeongpyeong-hada) to be flat, level, plane

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bình, bằng, bường, biền)

  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: bình, bằng, bường

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu: Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Nom Foundation