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See also:
U+5E73, 平
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E73

[U+5E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E74]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
平-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一火十 (MFJ), four-corner 10409, composition(GHTJV) or ⿻(K))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 646, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 407, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠀒

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
平-bronze.svg 平-bigseal.svg 平-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ben, *beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ
*beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beːŋ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: peng4 - only in the sense "cheap".
Note: pêⁿ/pîⁿ, piâⁿ - vernacular, pêng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
/pʰin²⁴/ ~時
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
/pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
/pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
/piaŋ³³/ ~均
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
/pẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
/ʔbɛ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biajŋ/
Li
Rong
/biɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
píng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
píng píng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjæng › ‹ bjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*breŋ/ /*m-breŋ/
English even (adj.) make even

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*beŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. level; even; flat
  2. even
    • Synonyms: (jūn)
  3. draw, tie
  4. to level
  5. calm; peaceful
  6. peace
  7. to pacify
  8. (used in placenames of conquered lands) pacified territory
  9. ordinary; common; mediocre; average
    • Synonyms: (cháng), (yōng)
    • Antonyms: (), ()
  10. (Cantonese, Hakka) cheap; inexpensive
  11. A surname​, number 95 of the Baijiaxing
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
Mandarin Beijing 便宜
Taiwan 便宜
Jinan 便宜
Xi'an 便宜
Wuhan 便宜相因
Chengdu 相因便宜
Yangzhou 便宜划廉
Hefei 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang 平宜
Gan Nanchang 便宜
Hakka Meixian 便宜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Jin Taiyuan 便宜
Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Matsu 便宜
Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
Quanzhou 便宜
Zhangzhou 便宜
Taipei 便宜
Kaohsiung 便宜
Penang 便宜
Chaozhou 便
Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
Suzhou 便宜𠼢
Wenzhou 便宜
Xiang Changsha 便宜
Shuangfeng 便宜

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bian/
Li
Rong
/biɛn/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pián
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjien ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]en/
English distinguish; punctiious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9812
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
便
Old
Chinese
/*ben/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (biàn).

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to control prices

Pronunciation 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. level; even; flat
  2. calm; peaceful

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/pi1ra/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pira//fira//hira/

Stem of 平たい (hiratai). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひら, rōmaji hira)

  1. something flat; flattened
  2. ordinary; common; mediocre
  3. person of low-ranking status
    1. freshman
    2. novice
    3. private
  4. the top ridge of a roof parallel to the side of a building (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  5. Short for 平織 (hiraori, plain weave).
  6. in bookbinding, the flat part of a cover (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  7. Short for 平椀 (hirawan).
Derived terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana ひら, rōmaji hira-)

  1. single-minded (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    connects to a noun

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひら, rōmaji Hira)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たいら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/tapi1ra/ invalid IPA characters (1)/tapira//tafira//taira/

Nominalization of 平ら (taira).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たいら, rōmaji taira, historical hiragana たひら)

  1. a plain; a flat (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たいら, rōmaji Taira, historical hiragana たひら)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.
  3. a male given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

*/bʲau//pʲau//pjɔː//pjoː/

Probably from the goon reading byō, itself derived from Middle Chinese (MC bˠiæŋ).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “explain loss of plosive”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひょう, rōmaji hyō, historical hiragana ひやう)

  1. Synonym of 平韻 (hyōin)
  2. Abbreviation of 平調 (hyōjō).

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
へい
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC bˠiæŋ). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana へい, rōmaji hei)

  1. something neither high nor low
  2. something calm

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana へい, rōmaji Hei)

  1. a surname​.

Etymology 5[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana おさむ, rōmaji Osamu)

  1. a surname​.
  2. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

(hiragana ひとし, rōmaji Hitoshi)

  1. a surname​.
  2. a male given name

(hiragana ひろし, rōmaji Hiroshi)

  1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

(hiragana やすし, rōmaji Yasushi)

  1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

(hiragana よし, rōmaji Yoshi)

  1. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pyeong, pyeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeong, pyeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏng, p'yŏn)

  1. (평평하다, pyeongpyeong-hada) to be flat, level, plane

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bình, bằng, bường, biền)

  • This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: bình, bằng, bường

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu: Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Nom Foundation