Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+5E73, 平
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E73

[U+5E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E74]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
平-bw.png
Stroke order
平-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一火十 (MFJ), four-corner 10409, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 646, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 407, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
平-bronze.svg 平-bigseal.svg 平-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ben, *beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ
*beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: peng4 - only in the sense "cheap".
Note: pêⁿ/pîⁿ, piâⁿ - vernacular, pêng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
/pʰin²⁴/ ~時
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
/pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
/pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
/piaŋ³³/ ~均
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
/pẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
/ʔbɛ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (77) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇn/ /bˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛn/ /bᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæn/ /biaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bian/ /biajŋ/
Li
Rong
/biɛn/ /biɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛn/ /bĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛn/ /bʱi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pián píng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pián píng píng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjien › ‹ bjæng › ‹ bjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]en/ /*breŋ/ /*m-breŋ/
English distinguish; punctiious even (adj.) make even

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9812 9818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
便
Old
Chinese
/*ben/ /*beŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. level; even; flat
  2. even
    • Synonyms: (jūn)
  3. draw, tie
  4. to level
  5. calm; peaceful
  6. peace
  7. to pacify
  8. (used in placenames of conquered lands) pacified territory
  9. ordinary; common; mediocre; average
    • Synonyms: (cháng), (yōng)
    • Antonyms: (), ()
  10. (Cantonese, Hakka) cheap; inexpensive
  11. A surname​, number 95 of the Baijiaxing

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
Mandarin Beijing 便宜
Taiwan 便宜
Jinan 便宜
Xi'an 便宜
Wuhan 便宜相因
Chengdu 相因便宜
Yangzhou 便宜划廉
Hefei 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang 平宜
Gan Nanchang 便宜
Hakka Meixian 便宜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Jin Taiyuan 便宜
Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
Quanzhou 便宜
Zhangzhou 便宜
Taipei 便宜
Kaohsiung 便宜
Malaysia 便宜
Chaozhou 便
Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
Suzhou 便宜𠼢
Wenzhou 便宜
Xiang Changsha 便宜
Shuangfeng 便宜

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. even
  2. calm, peaceful
  3. ordinary, common, mediocre, average

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たいら, romaji Taira, historical hiragana たひら)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pyeong, pyeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeong, pyeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏng, p'yŏn)

  1. (평평하다, pyeongpyeong-hada) to be flat, level, plane

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bình, bằng, bường, biền)

  • This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: bình, bằng, bường

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu: Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Nom Foundation