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See also:
U+5E73, 平
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E73

[U+5E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E74]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
平-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 51, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一火十 (MFJ), four-corner 10409, composition(GHTJV) or ⿻(K))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 646, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 407, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠀒

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
平-bronze.svg 平-seal.svg 平-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ben, *beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ, *beŋs
*beŋ
*beŋ
*beŋ
*pʰreːŋ
*beːŋ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: peng4 - only in the sense "cheap".
Note: pêⁿ/pîⁿ, piâⁿ - vernacular, pêng - literary.
Note:
  • bên5 - vernacular;
  • pêng5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
    Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
    Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
    Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
    Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
    Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
    Suzhou /bin¹³/
    Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
    Xiangtan /bin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
    /pʰin²⁴/ ~時
    Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
    /pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
    Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
    Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
    /pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
    /piaŋ³³/ ~均
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
    /pẽ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
    /ʔbɛ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚiaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /biajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /biɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    píng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    píng píng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjæng › ‹ bjæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*breŋ/ /*m-breŋ/
    English even (adj.) make even

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9818
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*beŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. level; even; flat
    2. even
      • Synonyms: (jūn)
    3. draw, tie
    4. to level
    5. calm; peaceful
    6. peace
    7. to pacify
    8. (used in placenames of conquered lands) pacified territory
    9. ordinary; common; mediocre; average
      • Synonyms: (cháng), (yōng)
      • Antonyms: (), ()
    10. (Cantonese, Hakka) cheap; inexpensive
    11. A surname​, number 95 of the Baijiaxing
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
    Mandarin Beijing 便宜
    Taiwan 便宜
    Jinan 便宜
    Xi'an 便宜
    Wuhan 便宜相因
    Chengdu 相因便宜
    Yangzhou 便宜划廉
    Hefei 便宜
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 平宜
    Gan Nanchang 便宜
    Hakka Meixian 便宜
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
    Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
    Jin Taiyuan 便宜
    Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
    Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
    Matsu 便宜
    Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
    Quanzhou 便宜
    Zhangzhou 便宜
    Taipei 便宜
    Kaohsiung 便宜
    Penang 便宜
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou 便
    Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
    Suzhou 便宜𠼢
    Wenzhou 便宜
    Xiang Changsha 便宜
    Shuangfeng 便宜

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Others:

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bian/
    Li
    Rong
    /biɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pián
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pián
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjien ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]en/
    English distinguish; punctiious

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9812
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    便
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ben/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (biàn).

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. to control prices

    Pronunciation 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to shoot with a catapult; to pat; to beat; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. level; even; flat
    2. calm; peaceful

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひら
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /pi1ra/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pira//fira//hira/

    Stem of 平たい (hiratai). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひら, rōmaji hira)

    1. something flat; flattened
    2. ordinary; common; mediocre
    3. person of low-ranking status
      1. freshman
      2. novice
      3. private
    4. the top ridge of a roof parallel to the side of a building (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    5. Short for 平織 (hiraori, plain weave).
    6. in bookbinding, the flat part of a cover (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    7. Short for 平椀 (hirawan).
    Derived terms[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana ひら, rōmaji hira-)

    1. single-minded (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
      connects to a noun

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひら, rōmaji Hira)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname​.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たいら
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /tapi1ra/ invalid IPA characters (1)/tapira//tafira//taira/

    Nominalization of 平ら (taira).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たいら, rōmaji taira, historical hiragana たひら)

    1. a plain; a flat (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana たいら, rōmaji Taira, historical hiragana たひら)

    1. a place name
    2. a surname​.
    3. a male given name

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひょう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    */bʲau//pʲau//pjɔː//pjoː/

    Probably from the goon reading byō, itself derived from Middle Chinese (MC bˠiæŋ).

    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “explain loss of plosive”

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひょう, rōmaji hyō, historical hiragana ひやう)

    1. Synonym of 平韻 (hyōin)
    2. Abbreviation of 平調 (hyōjō).

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    へい
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC bˠiæŋ). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana へい, rōmaji hei)

    1. something neither high nor low
    2. something calm

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana へい, rōmaji Hei)

    1. a surname​.

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Various nanori readings.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana おさむ, rōmaji Osamu)

    1. a surname​.
    2. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    (hiragana ひとし, rōmaji Hitoshi)

    1. a surname​.
    2. a male given name

    (hiragana ひろし, rōmaji Hiroshi)

    1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    (hiragana やすし, rōmaji Yasushi)

    1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    (hiragana よし, rōmaji Yoshi)

    1. a surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pyeong, pyeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeong, pyeon, McCune–Reischauer p'yŏng, p'yŏn)

    1. (평평하다, pyeongpyeong-hada) to be flat, level, plane

    Derived terms[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bình, bằng, bường, biền)

    • This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Nôm: bình, bằng, bường

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu: Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Nom Foundation