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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
元-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
元-oracle.svg 元-bronze.svg 元-bigseal.svg 元-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with two lines 二 for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一山 (MMU), four-corner 10211, composition)

  1. first
  2. unit of currency (substitution of )
  3. origin
  4. head

Synonyms[edit]

  • (first):
  • (unit of currency):
  • (origin):
  • (head):

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5143

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
Harbin /yan²⁴/
Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
Jinan /yã⁴²/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
Xi'an /yã²⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /yan³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /yen²⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵyø¹³/
/ɦyø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*[ŋ]o[r] (< nasal + uvular)/ head; first

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16145 3 /*ŋon/

Noun[edit]

  1. first; primary
  2. basic; fundamental
  3. yuan, unit of currency of renminbi (RMB)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. the Yuan or Mongol dynasty

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. cause, origin
  2. basis, foundation
  3. cost
     (もと)がとれる
    moto ga toreru
    to be able to cover the cost
  4. (finance) capital
  5. principal

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: won, McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.