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U+5143, 元
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5143

[U+5142]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5144]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
元-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一山 (MMU), four-corner 10211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5143

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
元-oracle.svg 元-bronze.svg 元-bigseal.svg 元-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̥ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with two lines for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
Harbin /yan²⁴/
Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
Jinan /yã⁴²/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
Xi'an /yã²⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /yan³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /yen²⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵyø²³/
/ɦyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuan/
Li
Rong
/ŋiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]o[r]/ (< nasal + uvular)
English head; first

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16145
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. head
  2. first; primary; head; chief
  3. basic; fundamental
  4. origin; source
  5. Classifier for yuan or dollars.
  6. (mathematics) unknown variable
  7. (~朝) Yuan Dynasty
  8. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. cause, origin
  2. basis, foundation
  3. cost
     (もと)がとれる
    moto ga toreru
    to be able to cover the cost
  4. (finance) capital
  5. principal

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
    • Name (hangeul): 으뜸
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.