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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB
Code point U+7ACB
Entity number 立
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACA] [U+7ACC]
See also: ᇁ‎

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
立-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
立-oracle.svg 立-bronze.svg 立-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Also simplification of same root as in some characters, such as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap ‎(to stand). Cognate with (wèi).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (141)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/liɪp̚/ /lip̚/ /ljep̚/ /lip̚/ /liəp̚/ /lĭĕp̚/ /li̯əp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lip › /*k.rəp/ stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7869 1 /*rɯb/

Verb[edit]

  1. to stand
  2. to set up, to establish
  3. to institute, to lay down, to draw up, to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist, to live

Adjective[edit]

  1. standing
  2. upright, vertical

Adverb[edit]

  1. immediately, at once

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 29
  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. erect
  2. to set up
  3. to stand up
  4. to rise

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
Irregular

Ateji (当て字).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

‎(katakana リットル, romaji rittoru)

  1. Rare spelling of リットル.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rip, ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.