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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB
Code point U+7ACB
Entity number 立
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACA] [U+7ACC]
See also: ᇁ‎

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
立-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
立-oracle.svg 立-bronze.svg 立-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare (OC *laːɡ).

Also simplification of same root as in some characters, such as .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap ‎(to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lip̚/
Li
Rong
/liəp̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rəp/
English stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stand
  2. to set up; to establish
  3. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist; to live
  5. standing
  6. upright; vertical
  7. immediately; at once

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("to stand")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Chengdu
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. erect
  2. to set up
  3. to stand up
  4. to rise

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
Irregular

Ateji (当て字).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

‎(katakana リットル, romaji rittoru)

  1. Rare spelling of リットル.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rip, ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

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