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See also:
U+7ACB, 立
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB

[U+7ACA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
立-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 117, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #117, .

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
立-oracle.svg 立-bronze.svg 立-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • li̍p - literary;
  • lia̍p - vernacular (only in 立捷).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
    Harbin /li⁵³/
    Tianjin /li⁵³/
    Jinan /li²¹/
    Qingdao /li⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
    Xi'an /li²¹/
    Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /li¹³/
    Lanzhou /li¹³/
    Ürümqi /li²¹³/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ni³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /li³¹/
    Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
    Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
    Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /liəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /li²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /li²²/
    Tunxi /li¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
    /lɐp̚²/
    Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lap̚²/
    /lɐp̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
    /lip̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (141)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lip̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljep̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lip̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭĕp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯əp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lip ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rəp/
    English stand (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7869
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯb/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to stand
    2. to erect
    3. to set up; to establish
    4. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
    5. to exist; to live
    6. standing
    7. upright; vertical
    8. immediately; at once
        ―    ―  immediately
      100% / 100%  ―  bù mǎi shěng 100%  ―  buy nothing and save 100% immediately
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From English litre.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan) litre

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. erect
    2. to set up
    3. to stand up
    4. to rise

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    りつ
    Grade: 1
    kan’yōon

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (りつ) (ritsu

    1. stand
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    りっとる
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Ateji (当て字). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun[edit]

    (リットル) (rittoru

    1. Rare spelling of リットル.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (seol rip), South Korea (seol ip))

    1. Hanja form? of / (to stand; to make erect; to establish).

    Usage notes[edit]

    In South Korea, this hanja is spelled (ip) in the initial position of a word because of 두음 법칙 (頭音法則, dueum beopchik).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.