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U+7ACB, 立
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ACB

[U+7ACA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7ACC]
See also: and gu1#Sichuanese

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
立-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108, composition)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set
  4. Kangxi radical #117, (stand).

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
立-oracle.svg 立-bronze.svg 立-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs
*ɢʷrɯbs
*ruːb
*ruːb
*sluːb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb, *ɡrɯb
*rɯb
*r̥ʰɯb
*kʰrɯb

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare (OC *laːɡ).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *ɢʷrɯbs).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lip̚/
Li
Rong
/liəp̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rəp/
English stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stand
  2. to set up; to establish
  3. to institute; to lay down; to draw up; to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist; to live
  5. standing
  6. upright; vertical
  7. immediately; at once
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to stand”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 站立
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Note - often written as

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From litre

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Nanning /lɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
/lɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lip̚⁵/
/lip̚³/

Definitions[edit]

  1. litre

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. erect
  2. to set up
  3. to stand up
  4. to rise

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
りっとる
Grade: 1
Irregular

Ateji (当て字).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

(katakana リットル, rōmaji rittoru)

  1. Rare spelling of リットル.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rip, ip)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
    • Name (hangeul): 절사
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.