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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
辛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 160 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
辛-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool used to mark slaves and criminals.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sin ‎(liver; heart; bile; bitter).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xīn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siɪn/ /sin/ /sjen/ /sin/ /siĕn/ /sĭĕn/ /si̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sin › /*[s]i[n]/ pungent; painful
xīn ‹ sin › /*si[n]/ 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13810 2 /*siŋ/ 𠞂

Definitions[edit]

  1. spicy; hot; pungent
      ―  xīn  ―  spicy
  2. hard; laborious; toilsome
      ―  xīn  ―  laborious
  3. suffering; hardship; misery
      ―  xīnsuān  ―  bitter
  4. The eighth of the ten heavenly stems.
  5. (in a list) eighth; number 8; VIII
  6. (organic chemistry) octa-
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spicy
  2. bitter
  3. hot
  4. acrid

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer shin, sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tăn, tơn, tăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.