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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
辛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 160 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #160, ‎(bitter).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
辛-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool used to mark slaves and criminals.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sin ‎(liver; heart; bile; bitter).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin › ‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]i[n]/ /*si[n]/
English pungent; painful 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13810
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/
Notes 𠞂

Definitions[edit]

  1. spicy; hot; pungent
      ―  xīn  ―  spicy
  2. hard; laborious; toilsome
      ―  xīn  ―  laborious
  3. suffering; hardship; misery
      ―  xīnsuān  ―  bitter
  4. The eighth of the ten heavenly stems.
  5. (in a list) eighth; number 8; VIII
  6. (organic chemistry) octa-
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spicy
  2. bitter
  3. hot
  4. acrid

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer shin, sin, Yale sin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tăn, tơn, tăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.