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Stroke order




Alternative forms[edit]

Note different forms; traditional is rather like , with on top, while simplified and Japanese shinjitai instead have a on top. Also, as with related and unrelated , in traditional and Japanese the top and bottom are separated – character has two components – while in simplified the top and bottom are connected, and the character forms one component.


Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(vertical) +  ‎(table) – checking if a table is level, truth. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十月一金 (JBMC), four-corner 40801, composition)

Derived characters[edit]


  • KangXi: page 805, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23236
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1221, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 249, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+771F


simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsyin › /*ti[n]/ true, real

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.


  1. (Beginning Mandarin) really, truly


  1. (Beginning Mandarin) true, genuine, real, actual




(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. true
  2. reality
  3. Buddhist sect




‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. truth; reality; genuineness

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. just; right; pure; genuine; true; real

‎(hiragana まこと, romaji makoto)

  1. truth; reality; genuineness


‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin-)

  1. true
  2. pure
  3. accurate

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あつし, romaji Atsushi)

  1. Atsushi, a Japanese given name

‎(hiragana こころ, romaji Kokoro)

  1. Kokoro, a female Japanese given name

‎(hiragana さな, romaji Sana)

  1. Sana, a Japanese surname or female given name

‎(hiragana さねさき, romaji Sanesaki)

  1. Sanesaki, a Japanese surname

‎(hiragana しん, romaji Shin)

  1. Shin, a Japanese surname or female given name

‎(hiragana しんさき, romaji Shinsaki)

  1. Shinsaki, a Japanese surname

‎(hiragana しんざき, romaji Shinzaki)

  1. Shinzaki, a Japanese surname

‎(hiragana しんじ, romaji Shinji)

  1. Shinji, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana ただし, romaji Tadashi)

  1. Tadashi, a Japanese given name

‎(hiragana まお, romaji Mao)

  1. Mao, a female Japanese given name

‎(hiragana まがさき, romaji Magasaki)

  1. Magasaki, a Japanese surname

‎(hiragana まこ, romaji Mako)

  1. Mako, a female Japanese given name

‎(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male or female given name

‎(hiragana まさ, romaji Masa)

  1. Masa, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana まさし, romaji Masashi)

  1. Masashi, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana まさつぐ, romaji Masatsugu)

  1. Masatsugu, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana ましお, romaji Mashio)

  1. Mashio, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana ますみ, romaji Masumi)

  1. Masumi, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana まな, romaji Mana)

  1. Mana, a female Japanese given name

‎(hiragana まみ, romaji Mami)

  1. Mami, a Japanese name

‎(hiragana まやなぎ, romaji Mayanagi)

  1. Mayanagi, a Japanese surname

See also[edit]



‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.


Han character[edit]

(chân, chan, chang, sân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.