warm

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: wärm

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English warm, werm, from Old English wearm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz, with different proposed origins:

  1. Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (warm, hot), related to Ancient Greek θερμός (thermós), Latin formus, Sanskrit घर्म (gharma).
  2. Proto-Indo-European *wer- (to burn), related to Hittite [script needed] (warnuzi) and to Old Church Slavonic варити (variti).

The dispute is due to differing opinions on how initial Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰ- evolved in Germanic: some think that *gʷʰ would have turned to *b, and that the root *gʷʰer- would instead have given rise to burn etc. Some have also proposed a merger of the two roots.

Adjective[edit]

warm (comparative warmer, superlative warmest)

  1. Having a temperature slightly higher than usual, but still pleasant; mildly hot.
    The tea is still warm.
    This is a very warm room.
    • (Can we date this quote by Longfellow and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Warm and still is the summer night.
    • 1985, Robert Ferro, Blue Star:
      It seemed I was too excited for sleep, too warm, too young.
  2. Caring and friendly, of relations to another person.
    We have a warm friendship.
  3. Having a color in the red-orange-yellow part of the visible electromagnetic spectrum.
  4. Close, often used in the context of a game in which "warm" and "cold" are used to indicate nearness to the goal.
    • (Can we date this quote by Black and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Here, indeed, young Mr. Dowse was getting "warm", as children say at blindman's buff.
  5. Fresh, of a scent; still able to be traced.
  6. (figuratively) Communicating a sense of comfort, ease, or pleasantness
    a warm piano sound
  7. (archaic) Ardent, zealous.
    a warm debate, with strong words exchanged
  8. (archaic, colloquial) Well off as to property, or in good circumstances; rich.
    • (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      warm householders, every one of them
    • (Can we date this quote by Goldsmith and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      You shall have a draft upon him, payable at sight: and let me tell you he as warm a man as any within five miles round him.
  9. (archaic) Requiring arduous effort.
    • 1929, The Listener (issues 41-50, page 552)
      The circular iron platform over there is used in the task of tyring the wheels, a warm job, too, by the way.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English werman.

Verb[edit]

warm (third-person singular simple present warms, present participle warming, simple past and past participle warmed)

  1. (transitive) To make or keep warm.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Isaiah xliv. 15
      Then shall it [an ash tree] be for a man to burn; for he will take thereof and warm himself.
    • (Can we date this quote by Longfellow and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      enough to warm, but not enough to burn
  2. (intransitive) To become warm, to heat up.
    My socks are warming by the fire.
    The earth soon warms on a clear summer day.
  3. (intransitive) To favour increasingly.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess[1]:
      Mr. Campion appeared suitably impressed and she warmed to him. He was very easy to talk to with those long clown lines in his pale face, a natural goon, born rather too early she suspected.
    He is warming to the idea.
    Her classmates are gradually warming to her.
  4. (intransitive) To become ardent or animated.
    The speaker warms as he proceeds.
  5. (transitive) To make engaged or earnest; to interest; to engage; to excite ardor or zeal in; to enliven.
    • November 20, 1717, Alexander Pope, letter to the Bishop of Rochester
      there was a collection of all that had been written{{..}}: I warmed my head with them.
    • (Can we date this quote by Keble and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Bright hopes, that erst bosom warmed.
  6. (transitive, colloquial) To beat or spank.
    • 1945, The Atlantic (volume 176, page 94)
      Not bothering to turn around and not missing a mouthful, Myrtle comforted her with threats of "I'll warm your bottom"; "I'll turn you over to your dad"; "I'll lock you in the truck"; "I'll send for the bogey man" — all of which Darleen ignored []
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

warm (plural warms)

  1. (colloquial) The act of warming, or the state of being warmed; a heating.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Dickens to this entry?)
    Shall I give your coffee a warm in the microwave?

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch warm, from Middle Dutch warm, from Old Dutch warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz.

Adjective[edit]

warm (attributive warmer, comparative warmste, superlative warmste)

  1. warm
    • 2016, “Dinge Raak Warm”, in Sal Jy Met My Dans?[2], South Africa, performed by Kurt Darren:
      Dinge raak warm.
      Things touch warm.

Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German warm, from Old High German warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz. Cognate with German warm, Dutch warm, English warm, Icelandic varmur.

Adjective[edit]

warm

  1. (Formazza) warm

References[edit]

  • “warm” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch warm, from Old Dutch warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (warm, hot) or alternatively *wer- (to burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

warm (comparative warmer, superlative warmst)

  1. warm, hot
    Antonym: koud
  2. (meteorology, officially) 20 °C or more

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of warm
uninflected warm
inflected warme
comparative warmer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial warm warmer het warmst
het warmste
indefinite m./f. sing. warme warmere warmste
n. sing. warm warmer warmste
plural warme warmere warmste
definite warme warmere warmste
partitive warms warmers

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: warm

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (warm, hot) or alternatively *wer- (to burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /varm/, [vaʁm], [vaɐ̯m], [vaːm], [ʋ-]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

warm (comparative wärmer, superlative am wärmsten)

  1. warm; mildly hot
  2. (of clothes) warm; keeping the wearer warm
  3. (dated, except in warmer Bruder) homosexual, gay; generally only of male homosexuality; though not in general use, this sense is current enough to make it advisable not to describe the relation between two men as warm (unless the implication is intended)

Usage notes[edit]

  • German warm means “warm”, but not “feeling warm”; therefore the phrase ich bin warm (literally I am warm) would mean that one’s body has a high temperature, particularly that one’s skin is warm on the outside. The English “I am warm” (that is: I feel warm) is equivalent to German mir ist warm (literally to me it's warm).

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • warm in Duden online

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz.

Adjective[edit]

warm

  1. warm, hot
  2. warm, keeping the wearer warm (of clothes)
  3. warm (of emotions)

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English wearm; from Proto-Germanic *warmaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

warm (plural and weak singular warme, comparative warmer, superlative warmest)

  1. (temperature) warm, mildly hot
  2. (weather) warm, pleasant, mild
  3. heated, warmed
  4. (locations or garments) having a tendency to be warm; designed to stay warm
  5. Being at a healthy temperature
  6. enthusiastic, vigourous

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

warm

  1. warmness, heat

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *warmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (warm, hot) or alternatively *wer- (to burn).

Adjective[edit]

warm

  1. warm

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *warmaz (warm), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (warm, hot) or alternatively *wer- (to burn).

Adjective[edit]

warm (comparative warmoro, superlative warmost)

  1. warm

Declension[edit]




Descendants[edit]