חמה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
ח־מ־ם

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

חַמָּה (khamáf [pattern: קַטְלָה]

  1. (the) sun
    Synonym: שֶׁמֶשׁ(shémesh)
    • - לאה גולדברג
      יָמִים לְבָנִים, אֲרֻכִּים כְּמוֹ בַּקַּיִץ קַרְנֵי-הַחַמָּה‎‎
      yamim l'vanim k'mo baqayits qarnei-hakhama
      White days, long like the sun rays in the summer
  2. (astronomy) Mercury

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
י־ח־ם

Compare Aramaic יַחְמָא(poison), Classical Syriac ܚܶܡܬܳܐ(ħɛm(mə)θɑ(ʔ), heat, wrath, poison), Arabic حُمَةٌ(ḥumatun, poison, heat, fever), Ge'ez ሐሞት (ḥämot, bile, gall, venom), Amharic ሐሞት (ḥämot, bile, gall), Tigrinya ሓሞት (ḥamot, bile). Possibly related to Akkadian /imtu/ (poison, venom). 

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

חֵמָה (khemáf (plural indefinite חֵמוֹת‎, singular construct חמת־‎, plural construct חמות־‎)

  1. Rage, wrath, fury
    • Psalms 78:38, with translation of the New International Version:
      וְה֤וּא רַח֨וּם יְכַפֵּ֥ר עָוֺן֮ וְֽלֹא־יַ֫שְׁחִ֥ית וְ֭הִרְבָּה לְהָשִׁ֣יב אַפּ֑וֹ וְלֹֽא־יָ֝עִיר כָּל־חֲמָתֽוֹ׃‎‎
      Yet he was merciful. he forgave their iniquities and did not destroy them. Time after time he restrained his anger and did not stir up his full wrath.
  2. venom, poison
    • Deuteronomy 32:33, with translation of the New International Version:
      חֲמַ֥ת תַּנִּינִ֖ם יֵינָ֑ם וְרֹ֥אשׁ פְּתָנִ֖ים אַכְזָֽר׃‎‎
      Their wine is the venom of serpents, the deadly poison of cobras.

References[edit]