From Middle English sonne, sunne, from Old English sunne, from Proto-West Germanic *sunnā, from Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ, from heteroclitic inanimate Proto-Indo-European *sh₂wen-, oblique of Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ (“sun”).
See also Saterland Frisian Sunne, West Frisian sinne, German Low German Sünn, Dutch zon, German Sonne, Icelandic sunna; outside of Germanic, Welsh huan, Sanskrit स्वर् (svar), Avestan 𐬓𐬇𐬧𐬔 (xᵛə̄ṇg)).
- (proper noun, star which the Earth revolves around): Sun (capitalized)
- sonne, sunne (obsolete spelling)
- The star that the Earth revolves around and from which it receives light and warmth.
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, translated by H.L. Brækstad, Folk and Fairy Tales, page 233:
- "I suppose I may have leave to do that!" Yes, she could do that, he said, but there was no road to that place; it lay east of the sun and west of the moon, and she could never find her way there.
- While the sun by tradition is typically regarded as masculine, the noun itself was originally feminine in grammatical gender.
- (astronomy) A star, especially when seen as the centre of any single solar system.
- 2010, BioWare, Mass Effect 2 (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →OCLC, PC, scene: Haestrom Codex entry:
- Because Haestrom's sun has overwhelmed the planet's protective magnetosphere, humans foolhardy enough to venture into geth-controlled Haestrom must exercise extreme caution. Minutes of radiation exposure will overload shields and hours of exposure will kill.
- The light and warmth which is received from the sun; sunshine or sunlight.
- 1835, [Edward Bulwer-Lytton], “The Knight of Provençe, and His Proposal”, in Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes. […], volume I, London: Saunders and Otley, […], →OCLC, book II (The Revolution), page 184:
- His fair hair waved long and freely over a white and unwrinkled forehead: the life of a camp and the suns of Italy had but little embrowned his clear and healthful complexion, which retained much of the bloom of youth.
- (figurative) Something like the sun in brightness or splendor.
- (uncountable, chiefly literary) Sunrise or sunset.
- 1609-11, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, act III, scene 2:
- Imogen: […] Pr'ythee, speak, / How many score of miles may we well ride / 'Twixt hour and hour / Pisanio: One score, 'twixt sun and sun, / Madam, 's enough for you; and too much too. / Imogen: Why, one that rode to his execution, man, / Could never go so slow.
- 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, →OCLC:
- [W]hilst many an hunger-starved poor creature pines in the street, wants clothes to cover him, labours hard all day long, runs, rides for a trifle, fights peradventure from sun to sun, sick and ill, weary, full of pain and grief, is in great distress and sorrow of heart.
- 1849, Henry David Thoreau, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, published 1873, page 357:
- I love these sons of earth every mother's son of them, with their great hearty hearts rushing tumultuously in herds from spectacle to spectacle, as if fearful lest there should not be time between sun and sun to see them all, and the sun does not wait more than in haying-time.
- 1962, Harry S. Truman, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, page 651:
- You see, the President has five jobs, any one of which would be more than a full-time job for one man; but I have to do all five of them between sun and sun.
- 1997, Alan Dean Foster, Howling Stones, page 149:
- “Tomorrow at first sun.” Not being much of a morning person, she winced internally. “First sun?” “It is the proper time, when the flowers of the pohoroh first open to the light.”
- A revolution of the Earth around the Sun; a year.
- A transversing of the sky by the Sun; a day.
- 1886 October – 1887 January, H[enry] Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., published 1887, →OCLC:
- Four suns since was the word brought to me from ‘She-who-must-be-obeyed,’ ‘White men come; if white men come, slay them not.’ Let them be brought to the house of ‘She-who-must-be-obeyed.’
- The nineteenth trump/major arcana card of the Tarot.
- (cartomancy) The thirty-first Lenormand card.
- catch the sun
- day in the sun
- everything under the sun
- fix the roof while the sun is shining
- fly too close to the sun
- follow the sun
- go to bed with the sun
- have had one's day under the sun
- make hay while the sun shines
- midnight sun
- mock sun
- moment in the sun
- nothing new under the sun
- place in the sun
- rise with the sun
- sun and planet gear
- sun anemone shrimp
- sun bath
- sun bear
- sun beetle
- sun bittern
- sun blind
- sun block
- sunbonnet, sun bonnet
- sunbonneted, sun-bonneted
- sun bunny
- Sun City
- sun cream
- sun cross
- sun cure
- sun dance
- sun deck
- sun disc
- sun dog
- sun fever
- sun gear
- sun glasses
- sun granny
- sun hat
- sun kicks
- sun kink
- sun lamp
- sun letter
- sun line
- sun lounge
- sun oneself
- sun outage
- sun parlor
- sun parlour
- sun picture
- sun poisoning
- sun protection factor
- sun room
- sun shot
- sun shower
- sun sneezing
- sun spider
- sun spot
- sun spurge
- sun star
- sun-synchronous orbit
- sun tea
- sun trap
- sun umbrella
- sun visor
- sun visor
- sun worshiper
- sun worshipper
- take the sun
- there is nothing new under the sun
- the sun sets on something
- think the sun shines out of someone's arse
- think the sun shines out of someone's ass
- think the sun shines out of someone's backside
- think the sun shines out of someone's butt
- Tuscan sun
- under the sun
- Vergina sun
- virgin of the sun
- what color is the sun in your world
- where the sun doesn't shine
- where the sun don't shine
- Whitsun, Whitsunday
- winter sun
- (transitive) To expose to the warmth and radiation of the sun.
- Synonym: apricate
- Beautiful bodies lying on the beach, sunning their bronzed limbs.
- 2000, William Laurance, Stinging Trees and Wait-a-Whiles: Confessions of a Rainforest Biologist:
- There were lots of zany antics and we tried not to stare too obviously at the beautiful women toplessly sunning themselves...
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines. A silver snaffle on a heavy leather watch guard which connected the pockets of his corduroy waistcoat, together with a huge gold stirrup in his Ascot tie, sufficiently proclaimed his tastes.
- (transitive) To warm or dry in the sunshine.
- (intransitive) To be exposed to the sun.
- (intransitive, alternative medicine) To expose the eyes to the sun as part of the Bates method.
sun (plural suns or sun)
- Alternative form of
- trunk (of tree)
Often used in a compound with the name of a tree to indicate that kind of tree.
- to fast
- Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Luserna / Lusérn: Le nostre parole / Ünsarne börtar / Unsere Wörter [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
- Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
sun m inan
- sun in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- sun in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- sun in Internetová jazyková příručka
- (coordinating) A coordinating conjunction expressing generality.
- En nyt jouda, kun tässä on sitä sun tätä tekemistä.
- I don't have time for that because I have this and that to do (miscellaneous stuff/things to do).
- Lautanen oli täynnä makaroonilaatikkoa, makkaraa, salaattia, perunamuussia sun muuta pöperöä.
- The plate was full of macaroni casserole, sausage, salad, mashed potatoes and other grub.
- “sun”, in Kielitoimiston sanakirja [Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish] (online dictionary, continuously updated, in Finnish), Helsinki: Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus (Institute for the Languages of Finland), 2004–, retrieved 2023-07-01
sun m (plural suns)
- (music): musiche
sun (genitive suu)
|Inari Sami personal pronouns|
- sun in Marja-Liisa Olthuis, Taarna Valtonen, Miina Seurujärvi and Trond Trosterud (2015–2022) Nettidigisäänih Anarâškiela-suomakielâ-anarâškielâ sänikirje, Tromsø: UiT
- Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages, Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland
From Dutch zoen (“kiss”), from Middle Dutch zoene, soen, soene, swoene (“reconciliation; atonement; kiss”), from Old Dutch *sōna, *swōna (“reconciliation; peace; agreement”), from Proto-Germanic *sōnō, *swōnō (“appeasement; reconciliation; atonement; sacrifice”), from Proto-Indo-European *swā-n- (“healthy; whole; active; vigorous”).
- kiss, a touch with the lips, usually to express love or affection, or as a greeting.
- Synonym: ciuman
- “sun” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.
- a kiss
- ^ “sun” in Editora Esperança, Dicionário Kaingang-Português Português-Kaingang, Ursula Gojtéj Wiesemann, 2nd edition, 2011, page 83.
- Alternative form of
- Romanization of
- Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.
- Alternative form of
- Alternative form of
Mimi of Nachtigal
Similar to (and likely a borrowing of, or possibly the lender of) the word used for water in the "third Mimi" language, Amdang sunu, which in turn is (per Starostin) "most likely cognate with Fur suːn ‘waterhole, well’".
- George Starostin, On Mimi
|For pronunciation and definitions of sun – see 孫 (“grandchild; grandson; etc.”).|
(This character, sun, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of 孫.)
sun n (plural sun)
- Rōmaji transcription of
sun m (nominative plural synær)
- Danish: søn
- (Unquachog) stone
- Thomas Jefferson (1791) A vocabulary of the Language of the Unquachog Indians
sun n (plural sunuri)
sun (plural suns)
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [sun˧˧]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [ʂun˧˧] ~ [sun˧˧]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʂʊwŋ͡m˧˧] ~ [sʊwŋ͡m˧˧]
- hùn (Ìkálẹ̀)
- to roast
- to burn; to set on fire
- orísun (“source”)
- (with ẹkún (“tears”)) to cry
- Wọ́n ń sun ẹkún níbi ìsìnkú ― They're crying at the burial ground
- to chant
- àfojúsùn (“goal; target”)
- to shift; to move
- Sún mọ́ mi. ― Move closer to me.
- Pẹ̀lúmi fẹ́ sún ìpàdé síwájú ― Pelumi wants to postpone the meeting
- to nudge; to motivate
- Ó sún mi láti wọ́de ― It motivated me to protest
- to prick
- Synonym: gún
- Ẹ̀gún sún mi lọ́wọ́ ― The thorn pricked me
- sún kì (“to contract; to shrink”)
- to make a complaint
- A ti fẹjọ́ yín sùn wọ́n ― We have reported you to them