sand

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See also: Sand and sänd

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Footprints in sand

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sand, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz/*sandaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- (to pour) (compare English dialectal samel (sand bottom), Old Irish to-ess-sem (to pour out), Latin sentina (bilge water), Lithuanian sémti (to scoop), Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō, to gather), ἄμη (ámē, water bucket)).

Noun[edit]

sand (usually uncountable, plural sands)

  1. (uncountable) Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      For a spell we done pretty well. Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand.
    • We are addicted to sand but don't know it because we don't buy it as individuals, ― The Guardian, 2018, Riddle of the sands: the truth behind stolen beaches and dredged islands
    • China's hunger for sand is insatiable, its biggest dredging site at Lake Poyang produces 989,000 tonnes per day. ― The Guardian, 2018, Riddle of the sands: the truth behind stolen beaches and dredged islands
  2. (countable, often in the plural) A beach or other expanse of sand.
    The Canadian tar sands are a promising source of oil.
    • 1892, James Yoxall, chapter 7, in The Lonely Pyramid:
      It was the Lost Oasis, the Oasis of the vision in the sand. […] Deep-hidden in the hollow, beneath the cliffs, it lay; and round it the happy verdure spread for many a rood. [] Yes, the quest was ended, the Lost Oasis was the Found!
  3. (uncountable, dated, circa 1920) Personal courage.
    • 1884, Twain, Mark, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:
      You may say what you want to, but in my opinion she had more sand in her than any girl I ever see; in my opinion she was just full of sand.
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit
      He said, “I admire your sand but I believe you will find I am not liable for such claims. Let me say too that your valuation of the horse is high by about two hundred dollars.”
    • 1979, L'Amour, Louis, Bendigo Shafter, →ISBN, OL 24369989M:
      There was youngsters all around him, and he stood there lookin’ at me and never turned a hair. He had sand, that Morrell.
  4. (uncountable, geology) A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
  5. A light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
    sand colour:  
  6. (countable, obsolete) A single grain of sand.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. (countable, figuratively) A moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life (referring to the sand in an hourglass).
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sand

  1. Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sand (third-person singular simple present sands, present participle sanding, simple past and past participle sanded)

  1. (transitive) To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.
  2. (transitive) To cover with sand.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter IX, page 141, [1]
      Sudden stopping, which could be effected easily by sanding the rails and reversing the driving-gear, was dangerous, because the train might telescope and overwhelm the engine.
    • 1958, Boris Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago, translated by Max Hayward and Manya Harari, New York: Pantheon, Chapter 4, page 96,
      The golden domes of churches and the freshly sanded paths in the town gardens were a glaring yellow.
  3. (transitive, historical) To blot ink using sand.
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
      The officer wrote until he had finished, read over to himself what he had written, sanded it, and handed it to Defarge, with the words "In secret."
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of sand(piper).

Noun[edit]

sand (plural sands)

  1. (colloquial) A sandpiper.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sannr, saðr, from Proto-Germanic *sanþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sónts (being, existing), the present participle of *h₁es- (to be).

Adjective[edit]

sand

  1. true
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of sand
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular sand 2
Neuter singular sandt 2
Plural sande 2
Definite attributive1 sande
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Noun[edit]

sand n (singular definite sandet, not used in plural form)

  1. sand (finely ground rock)
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand

  1. accusative of sandur

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand

  1. indefinite accusative singular of sandur

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saːnd/, /sand/, /sɔnd/

Noun[edit]

sand (uncountable)

  1. sand (finely ground rock)
  2. A grain of sand.
  3. A shoal, the sea floor.
  4. Land, dry ground.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sandr. Akin to English sand.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand m (definite singular sanden)

  1. sand

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sandō. See also the verb sendan.

Noun[edit]

sand f

  1. action of sending, embassy, mission, deputation; message
  2. sending, service, course of food, dish of food, repast, mess, victuals
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos. Compare Old Frisian sand, Old Saxon sand, Old High German sant, Old Norse sandr.

Noun[edit]

sand n

  1. sand, gravel
  2. sand by the sea, sands, seashore, sandy shore, beach
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Old Norse sandr.

Noun[edit]

sand n

  1. beach

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish sander, from Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sand c

  1. sand (finely ground rock)

Declension[edit]

Declension of sand 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative sand sanden
Genitive sands sandens

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]