repast

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English repast, repaste (feast, meal; food, nourishment; the Eucharist; refreshment, rest) [and other forms],[1] from Anglo-Norman, Middle French, Old French repast, Middle French, Old French repas (meal, repast; spiritual nourishment) (modern French repas), probably from Medieval Latin, Late Latin repastus (meal), from repāstus, the perfect passive participle of repāscō (to feed; to feed one after another), from Latin re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + pāscō (to feed, nourish; to pasture (an animal); of an animal: to browse, graze; to maintain, support) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect; to shepherd)).[2]

Noun[edit]

repast (countable and uncountable, plural repasts)

  1. (countable)
    1. (archaic or literary) A meal.
      Synonyms: refection; see also Thesaurus:meal
    2. (obsolete) A period of refreshment or rest.
  2. (uncountable)
    1. (archaic) Food or drink that may be consumed as a meal.
    2. (archaic, figuratively) Something that is intellectually or spiritually nourishing.
      Synonym: refection
    3. (obsolete) The consumption of food; also, refreshment obtained from eating; (generally) refreshment; rest.
      Synonym: refection
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Partly:[3]

Verb[edit]

repast (third-person singular simple present repasts, present participle repasting, simple past and past participle repasted)

  1. (transitive)
    1. (archaic) To supply (an animal or person) with food; to feed.
    2. (archaic, figuratively) To provide (a person) with intellectual or spiritual nourishment; to enlighten, to feed.
    3. (also reflexive, obsolete) To refresh (oneself or someone) through eating and drinking.
      • [a. 1472, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum xiv”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book VII (in Middle English), [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786, leaf 117, verso; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, OCLC 890162034, lines 25–29, page 234:
        [A]nd ſoo within a lytil whyle they came to that heremytage ⸝ and there they dranke the wyne ⸝ and ete the veneſon and the foules baken ⸝ And ſo whan they had repaſted hem wel ⸝ the dwarf retorned ageyn with his veſſel vn to the caſtel ageyne ⸝ []
        And so within a little while they came to that hermitage, and there they drank the wine, and ate the venison and the baked fowls. And so when they had repasted themselves well, the dwarf returned again with his vessel unto the castle again, []]
  2. (intransitive, obsolete, also figuratively) Usually followed by on or upon: to take food and drink; to feast, to feed.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 repā̆st(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “repast, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “repast, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  3. ^ repast, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
  4. ^ repā̆sten, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  5. ^ -en, suf.(3)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin, Late Latin repastus (meal), from repāstus, the perfect passive participle of repāscō (to feed; to feed one after another), from Latin re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + pāscō (to feed, nourish; to pasture (an animal); of an animal: to browse, graze; to maintain, support) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect; to shepherd)).

Noun[edit]

repast m (oblique plural repaz or repatz, nominative singular repaz or repatz, nominative plural repast)

  1. a meal
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      Mez li Dus ne vout prendre ne disner ne repast.
      But the Duke didn't want to eat dinner or any other meal.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: repast
  • French: repas