upon

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See also: up on

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English upon, uppon, uppen, from Old English upon, uppon, uppan (on, upon, up to, against, after, in addition to), equivalent to up (adverb) +‎ on (preposition). Cognate with Icelandic upp á, upp á (up on, upon), Swedish (up on, upon), Danish (up on, upon), Norwegian (up on, upon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

upon

  1. Physically above and in contact with.
    Place the book upon the table.
    • 1899, Hughes Mearns, Antigonish:
      Yesterday, upon the stair / I met a man who wasn’t there / He wasn’t there again today / I wish, I wish he’d go away …
  2. Physically directly supported by.
    The crew set sail upon the sea.
    She balanced upon one foot.
  3. Being followed by another so as to form a series.
    hours upon hours, years upon years, mile upon mile of desert
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act III Scene 1
      No news of them? Why, so: and I know not what's spend in the search: why thou loss upon loss! the thief gone with so much, and so much to find the thief; and no satisfaction, no revenge: nor no ill luck stirring but what lights on my shoulders; no sighs but of my breathing; no tears but of my shedding.
  4. At (a prescribed point in time).
    The contract was rendered void upon his death.
  5. On.

Usage notes[edit]

A somewhat elevated word, upon is common in poetic or legal contexts, but the simpler, more general term on is generally interchangeable, and more common in casual American speech.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (all senses): on
  • (time): at

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

upon (not comparable)

  1. Being the target of an action.
    He was set upon by the agitated dogs

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Bikol Central[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

upón

  1. wild boar

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English upon, uppon, uppan (on, upon, up to, against, after, in addition to), equivalent to up +‎ on.

Preposition[edit]

upon

  1. upon
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And I seide, “Ser, in his tyme maister Ioon Wiclef was holden of ful many men the grettis clerk that thei knewen lyuynge vpon erthe. And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge. And herfore grete men of kunnynge and other also drowen myche to him, and comownede ofte with him. And thei sauouriden so his loore that thei wroten it bisili and enforsiden hem to rulen hem theraftir… Maister Ion Aston taughte and wroot acordingli and ful bisili, where and whanne and to whom he myghte, and he vsid it himsilf, I gesse, right perfyghtli vnto his lyues eende. Also Filip of Repintoun whilis he was a chanoun of Leycetre, Nycol Herforde, dane Geffrey of Pikeringe, monke of Biland and a maistir dyuynyte, and Ioon Purueye, and manye other whiche weren holden rightwise men and prudent, taughten and wroten bisili this forseide lore of Wiclef, and conformeden hem therto. And with alle these men I was ofte homli and I comownede with hem long tyme and fele, and so bifore alle othir men I chees wilfulli to be enformed bi hem and of hem, and speciali of Wiclef himsilf, as of the moost vertuous and goodlich wise man that I herde of owhere either knew. And herfore of Wicleef speciali and of these men I toke the lore whiche I haue taughte and purpose to lyue aftir, if God wole, to my lyues ende.”

Descendants[edit]

  • English: upon
  • Yola: apan, apa, pa

References[edit]

Adverb[edit]

upon

  1. upon

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]