upon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: up on

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English upon, uppon, uppen, from Old English upon, uppon, uppan (on, upon, up to, against, after, in addition to), equivalent to up (adverb) +‎ on (preposition). Cognate with Icelandic upp á, upp á (up on, upon), Swedish (up on, upon), Danish (up on, upon), Norwegian (up on, upon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

upon

  1. Physically above and in contact with.
    Place the book upon the table.
    • 1899, Hughes Mearns, Antigonish:
      Yesterday, upon the stair / I met a man who wasn’t there / He wasn’t there again today / I wish, I wish he’d go away …
  2. Physically directly supported by.
    The crew set sail upon the sea.
    She balanced upon one foot.
  3. Being followed by another so as to form a series.
    hours upon hours, years upon years
  4. At (a prescribed point in time).
    The contract was rendered void upon his death.
  5. On.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      Although the Celebrity was almost impervious to sarcasm, he was now beginning to exhibit visible signs of uneasiness, the consciousness dawning upon him that his eccentricity was not receiving the ovation it merited.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, Nobody, chapter I:
      Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence.

Usage notes[edit]

A somewhat elevated word, upon is common in poetic or legal contexts, but the simpler, more general term on is generally interchangeable, and more common in casual American speech.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (all senses): on
  • (time): at

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adverb[edit]

upon (not comparable)

  1. Being the target of an action.
    He was set upon by the agitated dogs

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]