على

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See also: علي‎, علی‎, غلى, and غلي

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Hebrew עַל ('al), עֲלֵי ('aléi), Aramaic עַל (ʿal). Morphologically from the root ع ل ي (ʿ-l-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

عَلَى (ʿalā)

  1. on
  2. over or against
  3. expresses obligation in the form عَلَيْهُ أَنْ (ʿalayhu ʾan, one must (do)) followed by a subjunctive form
    عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَدْرُسَ كَْي تَنْجَحَ.‎
    ʿalayka ʾan tadrusa kay tanjaḥa.
    You have to study to be successful
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ل ي (ʿ-l-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلَى (ʿalā) I, non-past يَعْلِي‎ (yaʿlī)

  1. (transitive) to climb.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ل ي (ʿ-l-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عُلًى (ʿulanm

  1. plural of أَعْلَى (ʾaʿlā)

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “على”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 215–216
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “على”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 353–356
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “على”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Preposition[edit]

على (ʿalā)

  1. on

Inflection[edit]


Synonyms[edit]