نعل

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See also: نغل

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

  • Compare for the “shoe” noun Classical Syriac ܢܥܠܐ(naʿlā), Hebrew נַעַל(náʿal)
  • Perhaps related to Ge'ez ንዑልት (nəʿult), ኑዑልት (nuʿult, widow married by levirate marriage) because, according to Dillmann, the ceremony of the levirate marriage seems to involve the bridegroom throwing a shoe in the biblical passages where it is found – but this Ethiopic word is perhaps from Cushitic; Cushitic was unknown in Dillmann’s time, which forced Semitic explanations of Ethiopic.
  • Likely related to Akkadian 𒈿 (nâlu, niālu, to lie down) and its derivations related to “spreading”
  • In the view of this general “spreading” meaning in Akkadian, likely related to Ugaritic 𐎐𐎓𐎍 (nʿl) which is variously glossed: “palanquin”, “sandal”, “robe”
  • ➜ Apparently the later Semitic languages have specialized a “spreading” meaning to a “shoeing” meaning

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَعَلَ (naʿala) I, non-past يَنْعَلُ‎‎ (yanʿalu)

  1. to sole, to shoe
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَعِلَ (naʿila) I, non-past يَنْعَلُ‎‎ (yanʿalu)

  1. to be shoed
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَعَّلَ (naʿʿala) II, non-past يُنَعِّلُ‎‎ (yunaʿʿilu)

  1. to sole, to shoe
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَعْل (naʿlm (plural نِعَال(niʿāl) or أَنْعُل(ʾanʿul))

  1. sole
  2. horseshoe
  3. light shoe, sandal, slipper, flip-flop
  4. verbal noun of نَعَلَ (naʿala) (form I)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: nagħal
  • Azerbaijani: nal
  • Baluchi: نال(nál), نعل
  • Georgian: ნალი (nali)
  • Hindi: नाल (nāl)
  • Middle Armenian: նալ (nal)
  • Kurdish:
    Northern Kurdish: nal
    Central Kurdish: ناڵ(nall)
    Southern Kurdish: ناڵ(nall)
  • Persian: نعل(na'l)
  • Ottoman Turkish: نعل(nal)
  • Pashto: نال(nāl)
  • Turkmen: naal
  • Urdu: نال(nāl)

Noun[edit]

نَعَل (naʿalm

  1. verbal noun of نَعِلَ (naʿila) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dillmann, August (1865) Lexicon linguae aethiopicae cum indice latino (in Latin), Leipzig: T. O. Weigel, column 676
  • Freytag, Georg (1837) , “نعل”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 303
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “نعل”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1296
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 382
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “نعل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “نعل”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1291

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

نَعْلُ (naʿlu) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active jussive of عَلَا(ʿalā)

Verb[edit]

نُعْلَ (nuʿla) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past passive jussive of عَلَا(ʿalā)
  2. first-person plural non-past passive jussive of عَلَى(ʿalā)

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

نَعْلِ (naʿli) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active jussive of عَلَى(ʿalā)

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

نَعْلَ (naʿla) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active jussive of عَلِيَ(ʿaliya)

Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نَعْل(naʿl).

Noun[edit]

نعل (transliteration needed)

  1. horseshoe

See also[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ن ع ل

From Arabic لَعَنَ(laʿana) with metathesis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نعل (nʕal) (non-past ينعل(yinʕal), form I)

  1. to curse
  2. to damn

Conjugation[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

نعل (na'l)

  1. horseshoe

Descendants[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نَعْل(naʿl).

Noun[edit]

نعل (na'l) (plural نعل‌ها(na'l-hâ))

  1. horseshoe

Derived terms[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نَعْل(naʿl).

Noun[edit]

نعل (na'lm (Hindi spelling नाल)

  1. horseshoe

Derived terms[edit]