Wiktionary:Requests for cleanup

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Wiktionary > Requests > Requests for cleanup

Wiktionary Request pages (edit) see also: discussions
Requests for cleanup
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Cleanup requests, questions and discussions.

Requests for verification
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Requests for verification in the form of durably-archived attestations conveying the meaning of the term in question.

Requests for deletion
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Requests for deletion of pages in the main namespace due to policy violations; also for undeletion requests.

Requests for deletion/Others
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Requests for deletion of pages in other (not the main) namespaces, such as categories, appendices and templates.

Requests for moves, mergers and splits
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Moves, mergers and splits; requests listings, questions and discussions.

{{rfc-case}} - {{rfc-trans}} - {{rfdate}} - {{rfd-redundant}} - {{rfdef}} - {{rfe}} - {{rfex}} - {{rfap}} - {{rfp}} - {{rfphoto}} -

All Wiktionary: namespace discussions 1 2 3 4 5 - All discussion pages 1 2 3 4 5

This is a manually created and maintained list of pages that require cleanup.

Adding a request: To add a request, place the template {{rfc}} to the messy entry, and then make a new nomination here. Include an explanation of your reasons for nominating the page for cleanup, but please put any extensive discussion in the discussion page of the article itself.

Closing a request: A conversation should remain here at least for one week after the {{rfc}} tag is removed, then moved to that page's talk page from here. When the entry has been cleaned, please strike the word here, and put any discussion on the talk page of the cleaned entry.

Pages tagged with the template {{rfc}} are automatically placed in Category:Requests for cleanup. They are automatically removed from the category when the template is removed, or, if the template has not been used, when Category:Requests for cleanup has been removed from the page.

If an entry needs attention from experienced editors in a specific language, consider using {{attention}} instead of {{rfc}}.

See also Wiktionary:Cleanup and deletion process, Help:Nominating an article for cleanup or deletion, and Wiktionary:Cleanup and deletion elements. Category:Pages with broken file links should also be cleaned out periodically.

Oldest tagged {{rfc}}s


Unresolved requests from before January 2014[edit]

January 2014[edit]

Vietnamese entries by User:Cehihin[edit]

Vietnamese entries contributed by Cehihin need review. Cehihin's methodology has yielded wildly incorrect readings and definitions in many cases, and the formatting is poor. Some examples:

  • 𡮈𨳒: They appear to have just searched for Nôm characters for nhỏ and mọn, took two results at random, and combined them for a transliteration of nhỏ mọn.
  • 𨳊: One of the readings, cu, appears to be a translation of the Cantonese sense, and the others appear to be readings of other characters that have cu as a reading.
  • 𨳒: The definitions are just the Cantonese definitions, translated into Vietnamese. The Readings section is just a list of synonyms of the Vietnamese "definitions".

I spent the last few days rewriting some of Cehihin's entries, but there are scores more. Without knowing Vietnamese, here's how to write a basic Vietnamese character entry:

  • If I or another Vietnamese speaker has come along and rewritten the entry, there's probably no need to clean up further.
  • Otherwise, get Hán-Việt and Nôm readings for the character:
    1. Go to vi:Special:WhatLinksHere and enter the character.
    2. Search the list for a Latin-script entry that has a "Sino-Vietnamese transliteration" section. Expand the box under that heading and search for the character; all the words listed on the same line are Hán-Việt readings.
    3. Search the list for a Latin-script entry that has a "Chữ Nôm" section. Expand the box under that heading and search for the character; all the words listed on the same line are Nôm readings.
    4. Back here, delete the old Vietnamese entry and use this format (replace "宀02" with the radical and stroke number):

{{vi-readings|hanviet=comma-separated list from step 2|nom=list from step 3|rs=宀02}}

* {{R:WinVNKey:Lê Sơn Thanh}}

 – Minh Nguyễn (talk, contribs) 08:31, 3 January 2014 (UTC)

give out[edit]

Tagged but not listed. Ƿidsiþ 14:25, 3 January 2014 (UTC)

I've structured the definitions and provided some "context" formatting, but not touched the translations section, which probably needs to be extensively checked. The run-ins under the first definition baffle me. DCDuring TALK 18:51, 4 January 2014 (UTC)


The "Usage notes" sections looks like it should be under another heading. DCDuring TALK 18:33, 4 January 2014 (UTC)

It looks like its meant to be a usex. --WikiTiki89 18:35, 4 January 2014 (UTC)
It looks to me like it's trying to show the verb that normally goes with the noun: there's no way I would have thought to use the same verb that's used to describe weeping (울다). It just needs some kind of an explanation to that effect (If I've analyzed it correctly, of course). Chuck Entz (talk) 06:07, 26 January 2014 (UTC)
@Eirikr, can you take a look? - -sche (discuss) 03:28, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

break the ice[edit]

The past participle form has a (appropriately) broken accelerated-creation link, and I'm not sure how to deal with the shatter the ice entries given that it seems to be an {{alternative form of}} break the ice. But I'm afraid that creating the inflected forms for shatter the ice, while useful, will have the reader clicking back once to find the lexeme and then having to click again to find the actual definition at break the ice. So if anyone could advise me on how to proceed, or do it themselves, that'd be great. TeleComNasSprVen (talk) 10:37, 5 January 2014 (UTC)

It's not an alternative form. That is not only true, but it also eliminates your stated difficulty for this entry.
It's more nearly a synonym. But it actually differs in meaning because it indicates something much more dramatic than break the ice. I don't think we really want folks to go from the shattering the ice entry to the break the ice entry rather than shatter the ice. BTW, how often does shatter the ice have a figurative meaning? DCDuring TALK 11:37, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
Alright then, I guess it's more a synonym. I've looked at Wiktionary:Forms and spellings twice and I just don't think I'm getting it today. I agree there's something more dramatic than "break the ice". I've done a cursory search on gbooks and they've also made mention of "break the ice" there, but perhaps I've just not dug hard enough. What do you propose to be the definition for "shatter the ice" then? TeleComNasSprVen (talk) 11:46, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
I'm not 100% sure. I'm tempted by a non-gloss definition like "Used to suggest a more dramatic beginning of social interaction", but the coffee hasn't kicked in yet. DCDuring TALK 14:00, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
The main problem I see is that I don't even know what "to introduce conversation" means. Mglovesfun (talk) 15:46, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
You know: break the ice. How about "To break the ice in a sudden or dramatic manner." DCDuring TALK 18:44, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
The relationship between shatter the ice and break the ice gets more mention among linguists discussing idiom and metaphor than use in speech. I'm not sure it's actually citable in use at books, based on my review of the first 100 hits, which contain one use and about half a dozen mentions of the figurative use in question, the balance being literal or other metaphorical uses ('shatter the ice in my heart'). DCDuring TALK 14:09, 6 January 2014 (UTC)

Appendix:Swadesh lists for Afro-Asiatic languages[edit]

This currently doesn't say anything about actual languages. It only lists words represented in various scripts. Presumably, Arabic and Hebrew script stand for Arabic and Hebrew language, but there's nothing that says so. —CodeCat 22:16, 13 January 2014 (UTC)

They are just languages mislabeled as scripts. --WikiTiki89 01:08, 14 January 2014 (UTC)


As the correct spelling is with a capital Z (Zeppelin) (check Wikipedia and Oxford), taken from Count Zeppelin, I would like to suggest that the bulk of this entry is transferred to Zeppelin. I would try to do it myself, but I'm usually busy elsewhere and it's a task I haven't attempted before. I fell foul of CodeCat when I put Zeppelin in the Swedish entry for zeppelinare, it was altered to zeppelin despite my protests. Donnanz (talk) 00:20, 22 January 2014 (UTC)

I only changed it because forcing users to go to Zeppelin just so that they can be redirected to zeppelin is frustrating. —CodeCat 00:23, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
Other dictionaries list the common noun in lower-case form. I suggest we try to get a feel for actual usage before making the capitalized spelling the main lemma. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 08:15, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
Google Ngram supports the capitalized common noun. --WikiTiki89 08:21, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
  • Perhaps the confusion is caused by the line in
English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en "After the outstanding success of the Zeppelin design, the term zeppelin in casual use came to refer to all rigid airships." That may have been the case pre-WWII. But calling a Zeppelin made by the Zeppelin factory a zeppelin is like calling a Ford car a ford. Donnanz (talk) 10:38, 22 January 2014 (UTC)

    • Well, not really, because Ford has (AFAIK) never been used as a genericized trademark, which is essentially what zeppelin has become. Insisting on a capital Z in zeppelin is like insisting on a capital A in aspirin or a capital J in jacuzzi. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 11:27, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
      • Do you mean to say you call airships zeppelins? I don't, and never have, only using Zeppelin when referring to an airship produced by Zeppelin themselves. I would suggest that the use of zeppelin as a generic term for airship has died out; we are now in the 21st century, not in the heyday of airships and Zeppelins in the first half of the 20th century. I for one wasn't born until 1947. Donnanz (talk) 13:24, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
        • On the contrary, people do talk about zeppelins, and they don't remember anything about it being a brand name. I'm one of many who never knew that zeppelin could be capitalized. You're making the mistake of talking about what's logical when discussing usage, which will often lead you astray. In this case, it looks like the capitalized form is more common in Google Books, at least, even after "Led Zeppelin" is taken out of the picture. I'm not so sure about the ratio in everyday, colloquial usage, but it's hard to get real answers on that. I think the capitalized form should be given priority, but it's not so clear and obvious as you think. Chuck Entz (talk) 14:34, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
          • I'm more than 20 years younger than you, Donnanz, and I think I probably would say, "Look, there's a zeppelin up in the sky" without any regard to the builder, in the extremely unlikely event of my seeing one. Or maybe "blimp". I'm sure I wouldn't say "airship". —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 15:29, 22 January 2014 (UTC)
            • Hmm, maybe we don't live in the same part of the world. Donnanz (talk) 16:30, 22 January 2014 (UTC)

Has any decision been reached yet? Donnanz (talk) 17:49, 2 April 2014 (UTC)

I have moved the content to Zeppelin based on Ngram data suggesting that that form is more common. - -sche (discuss) 03:36, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

good shit[edit]

Definitely not exclusive to basketball; probably not an interjection; both definitions are too narrow; possibly sum-of-parts. Discussed previously in Tea Room (Wiktionary:Tea_room#good_shit) but no changes made. Pengo (talk) 05:08, 26 January 2014 (UTC)

I agree. --WikiTiki89 05:26, 26 January 2014 (UTC)
I've tried to clean up the entry. - -sche (discuss)


All three definitions seem to mean the same thing. --WikiTiki89 05:29, 26 January 2014 (UTC)

The last seems non-count, both in its definition and in its usex; the others aren't. The others are distinct because the first requires both eating and "much alcohol consumption" whereas the second requires neither. Sounds like a job for RFV.​—msh210 (talk) 20:57, 16 February 2014 (UTC)
I was thinking something like "A noisy feast or social gathering, often with much alcohol consumption." I don't think there need to be two separate senses. --WikiTiki89 23:00, 16 February 2014 (UTC)
Cleaned up. - -sche (discuss) 03:37, 3 July 2015 (UTC)


Remove the second sense. --kc_kennylau (talk) 18:16, 31 January 2014 (UTC)

I think it was added because for most purposes the singular and plural had identical meaning in most descendants. The singular was a collective noun for "people", while the plural meant more or less the same. I don't know what the difference was, if there was one. —CodeCat 18:22, 31 January 2014 (UTC)

February 2014[edit]

Transwiki:Japanese Phrasebook/Greetings and farewell[edit]

Well... --kc_kennylau (talk) 09:02, 2 February 2014 (UTC)




These were tagged {{delete|no usable content}}, but seem like promising entries. We have entries on plenty of obscurely diacriticized Latin letters, for example. These would, however, benefit from definitions explaining what they signify... - -sche (discuss) 07:18, 19 February 2014 (UTC)

Category:2000 German basic words[edit]

Only contains 133 entries ATM and no source at all. The only "source" is listed as an example. --kc_kennylau (talk) 13:22, 20 February 2014 (UTC)

Category:WC and family[edit]

When I saw that Category:Toiletry was under both Category:Bathing and Category:WC, I thought that was odd enough. Then I looked at Category:WC and saw Category:Rooms. You or I might giggle at this, but the joke is really on people trying to learn English from our dictionary, who were already confused enough by the euphemisms surrounding this subject matter. We need to change the category structure here, and do what we can to fix any miscategorization resulting from this. Chuck Entz (talk) 07:08, 22 February 2014 (UTC)


This is the only page I've ever encountered with subdefinitions. While the definitions are alright, they need to be reorganized Purplebackpack89 (Notes Taken) (Locker) 15:25, 25 February 2014 (UTC)


Has "misconception" as a context. See the talk page. - -sche (discuss) 19:23, 28 February 2014 (UTC)

March 2014[edit]


Was tagged but not listed. Needs some serious reorganising... —CodeCat 23:49, 2 March 2014 (UTC)

Wow. Polysynthetic languages are complicated enough without including declensions for all the derived terms. It looks like aandegobag,aandegopin,aandegoshkwenh and aandego-giizis should all be separate lemmas. After that, it looks like it would be consistent with the other Ojibwe animate noun entries. The comment on the cleanup tag is another matter: the language would benefit from declension templates, but that's not specific to this entry. Chuck Entz (talk) 00:33, 3 March 2014 (UTC)
I created the new entries and trimmed the tagged entry. It turns out that aandegoshkwenh is an Ottawa form, which we treat as a separate language. I suspect there are more such surprises waiting among the Ojibwe entries. Not that I'm complaining- we're lucky to have this information at all. Chuck Entz (talk) 01:48, 3 March 2014 (UTC)
I mocked up a crude declension table (my wikitable skills are pretty poor). I don't know the language well enough to do much more (I suspect we should remove aandegoshkwenh from the synonyms, since it's Ottawa, rather than Ojibwe proper, but I don't know for sure). Chuck Entz (talk) 02:27, 3 March 2014 (UTC)
I think the "prenoun" forms are really just combining forms, and they might as well go in the table too as they are part of the word's inflection. —CodeCat 02:33, 3 March 2014 (UTC)
Perhaps. It would help to know when and why each of them is used. After looking through w:Ojibwe grammar, it would appear that the forms given are just the tip of the iceberg. There are also vocative, contemptive (milder than pejorative), preterit (dead/no longer existing) and preterit-dubitative (dead/no longer existing, and not personally known by the speaker). In addition, there are affixes that indicate if the noun was possessed, and by whom (person & number). With all the possible combinations, I can understand why one might take the shortcut of giving selected forms only. This is the kind of thing you run into quite often among the American Indian languages. Chuck Entz (talk) 04:11, 3 March 2014 (UTC)


The definition we have is a little too encyclopedic. --WikiTiki89 06:07, 6 March 2014 (UTC)

All the creations of User:Jarste[edit]

No headwords. English translations need wikifying and decapitalization. SemperBlotto (talk) 08:09, 9 March 2014 (UTC)

I think I got all the basic stuff, though this time of night I tend to forget things. Chuck Entz (talk) 08:46, 9 March 2014 (UTC)

Entries by user:Apomorde[edit]

Persian words lacking a proper headword, having misplaced pronunciation (or something) and no wikification of translations. SemperBlotto (talk) 09:45, 12 March 2014 (UTC)


Latin, but with an English template. Which way to go? SemperBlotto (talk) 22:35, 14 March 2014 (UTC)

Well, anno mundi is an English entry. If the same abbreviation is independent of English it might merit changing to Translingual, but it might very well be SOP in Latin. At any rate, the part about the Jewish calendar doesn't belong in an "initialism of" entry, so that should be moved to the lemma or discarded as encyclopedic. Chuck Entz (talk) 23:50, 14 March 2014 (UTC)

dot matrix[edit]

Idiomatic? Adjective or attributive use of noun(s?)? — Ungoliant (falai) 00:11, 23 March 2014 (UTC)

See dot matrix printer. We have so many SOP entries, it's almost refreshing to have a "missing parts" entry for a change. Chuck Entz (talk) 04:28, 23 March 2014 (UTC)
  • We also have dot-matrix as an adjective. No links between the entries either way. Donnanz (talk) 23:53, 4 April 2014 (UTC)
According to Oxford (hard copy and online) it's a noun that is normally used as a modifier. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/dot-matrix?q=dot+matrix Donnanz (talk) 08:58, 5 April 2014 (UTC)
  • It does have a plural actually; either "dot matrices" or "dot matrixes", so I think this entry should be altered to a noun. I have added a link to the Wikipedia article. Donnanz (talk) 09:25, 5 April 2014 (UTC)
I've added the noun entry. Is adjectival usage merely attributive usage of the noun? Dbfirs 08:17, 20 June 2014 (UTC)
Someone could prove me wrong, but as I see it predicate use is the best chance for showing this to behave as a true adjective:
 *"That is the most dot matrix printer I've ever seen."; *"That printer is more dot matrix than this one."
 *"It is a very dot matrix printer."
 ?"That printer is dot matrix."
I don't think that the modest amount of predicate use we are likely to find warrants an adjective entry, but rules is rules. DCDuring TALK 11:58, 20 June 2014 (UTC)

The race-related edits of User: and User:Artemesia[edit]

This IP has been running through the POV minefield of racial terminology, leaving oddly-worded definitions along the way. I tried to fix up Americanoid, but I was tired and wasn't too happy with the results. It's since been changed beyond recognition.

Someone familiar with anthropology and current usage needs to go through these 19th-century-style entries and bring them into the 21st century. Chuck Entz (talk) 22:51, 28 March 2014 (UTC)

They've now registered as Artemesia (talkcontribs), but they're still creating the same entries based on their same idiosyncratic terminology and definitions. Some of their edits have been dealt with, but someone needs to look at all of them. Chuck Entz (talk) 16:53, 5 April 2014 (UTC)


"A person who makes uncool, unfunny, uninteresting, or irrelevant (see lame) attempts to impress others and draw attention to themselves, especially in a flawed attempt to act like someone else." I'm not sure that this is the same as the 'unintelligent' sense but it definitely shouldn't be worded like this. "Especially in a flawed attempt to act like someone else." is especially funny. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:17, 31 March 2014 (UTC)

Isn’t it just a generic insult? This definition reeks of Urban Dictionary. — Ungoliant (falai) 17:21, 31 March 2014 (UTC)
Yes, I'd be inclined to delete sense 3 as just an example of sense 2. Is there any advantage in retaining it? Is it widely used with this exact meaning (other than in sense 2)? Dbfirs 08:07, 20 June 2014 (UTC)

April 2014[edit]


Yet another Sanskrit L2 with senses that no one has bothered to completely render into English, relying on transcriptions instead of glosses. I added wikilinks for some of the transcriptions, but that isn't good enough. DCDuring TALK 19:09, 4 April 2014 (UTC)

Those transcriptions are for the most part actual English loanwords, since those terms don't have an English equivalent. --Ivan Štambuk (talk) 21:09, 24 February 2015 (UTC)
  • Using explanatory phrases in English would be vastly superior to using untranslated gobbledygook.
What is pāda supposed to mean? Turns out that it's just the Sanskrit word for a foot in poetry, or by extension, the verse or line.
What is manu cākṣuṣa supposed to be? The very spelling is so un-English that I don't even have any clear idea how to pronounce this term. I don't see any entry for this compound term, but there are entries for the constituent parts of manu and cākṣuṣa. Extrapolating from those two entries, I'd guess that the whole term is someone's name. An explanation would be a most welcome addition to this sense line.
What is sāṃkhya supposed to be, in the context of philosophy? Apparently it means rational or discriminative, and is the name of a branch of Hindu philosophy -- which happens to be more commonly spelled as w:Samkhya in English contexts, without the diacritics and with the initial capitalization, as this is treated as a proper noun.
What is prakṛti supposed to be? The EN WP has an article on this, which describes it as the “primal motive force”. That would be a much more lucid phrase for English readers who are not steeped in Hindu philosophy and terminology.
And so on and so forth. I'm with DCDuring here -- the पुरुष (puruṣa) entry is frankly sloppy and in need of cleanup. Transcribed Sanskrit does not suffice, especially when there are perfectly serviceable ways of using normal English to express the same things. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 09:42, 25 February 2015 (UTC)
Cleaned, IMO. Retag if needed. - -sche (discuss) 03:45, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

Category:Crimean Tatar verb inflection-table templates[edit]

The tables are bulky and full of nonstandard spelling/word usage ("second person single") and capitalization. Also, they are sometimes used as headword-line templates (as in sımarlamaq), although they seem to actually be conjugation templates. - -sche (discuss) 03:06, 5 April 2014 (UTC)

echarse al plato[edit]

The problems seem to be that the first two examples don't use echarse al plato, they just use echarse. Other than that the idiomaticness seems doubtful as this just means to serve to oneself on a plate. However if the idiomatic meanings are correct it must be kept. Mglovesfun (talk) 18:21, 18 October 2009 (UTC)

I've moved this out of Wiktionary:Requests for cleanup/archive/2009/Unresolved requests in the hope we can resolve it. - -sche (discuss) 03:28, 5 April 2014 (UTC)
The second example isn't reflexive at all. --kc_kennylau (talk) 17:47, 19 April 2014 (UTC)


Aaand lots of other assorted rubbish from our magic- and religion-obsessed IP anon. This person is really getting up my nose. They add content that isn't right, or is almost right, or is exactly wrong. The formatting is out of date and often broken. They routinely add interwiki links to entries on the FR, MG, and ZH WTs, which entries usually don't exist -- so basically they're lying to try to make their contributions look more legitimate. I'm tempted to ask for a block ban, despite the collateral damage, given the sheer volume of shit this user pours into Wiktionary whenever they seem to go on holiday.

Incidentally, does anyone know offhand what school holidays might be going on in the UK, where I think this user is located? We could implement some kind of IP block ban that lasts just until that holiday period is over, and likely limit most of the damage. </rant>

... But I'm actually serious about possibly seeking an IP block ban. This user is persistent, pernicious, and nearly deaf to our entreaties to get decent source material, format properly, stop adding dead links, stop adding nonsense, etc. etc. (I say nearly, because they did make something of an effort to figure out formatting -- albeit a bit half-assedly, and about two years ago, since when they haven't kept up at all ensuing changes.)

If you have any expertise with Japanese or Mandarin, any at all, be on the lookout for anon edits, particularly from the 90-something, 5-something, and 150-something IP ranges.

(Incidentally, I'm mostly off WT for the next few weeks due to work demands, so I can't patrol Japanese entries as closely as needed.)

‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 07:19, 16 April 2014 (UTC)

Hmm. It's a "written fortune". An example I could find for the alternative spelling "御神籤":
御神籤 (おみくじ) ()いたら大吉 (だいきち)/ (きょう) ()た。
Omikuji o hītara daikichi / kyō to deta.
The fortune /sacred lot he drew predicted very good/bad luck.
--Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 07:41, 16 April 2014 (UTC)
@Eirikr Please check if you're happy with おみくじ. I've changed the definition at 御御籤. How does it look now? --Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 08:23, 16 April 2014 (UTC)
As for the block, the IP user deserves it on the grounds of using multiple accounts alone. --Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 12:55, 16 April 2014 (UTC)
Yes, the IP definitely deserves to be blocked, but there's no real pattern to the addresses they use. To block them effectively would require blocking all Sky Broadband users in the UK, and probably Easynet as well. Although they account for the vast majority of edits from those ISPs, that's still a radical and unprecedented step. We've been using shorter-term blocks applied as soon as we spot them in order to limit the damage, but they've adapted by changing their IP frequently. Perhaps we need to automatically revert and/or delete all their edits regardless of quality just to discourage them- but that would be radical and unprecedented in itself. Chuck Entz (talk) 13:33, 16 April 2014 (UTC)
Bad definitions are bad edits. We have a small number of editors working with Japanese who can babysit the anon user. Yeah, tentatively support’ nuking his/her new edits, no matter what quality.--Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 20:30, 16 April 2014 (UTC)

take aback[edit]

The etymology is almost a definition. --WikiTiki89 16:07, 19 April 2014 (UTC)

Now is it okay? Please check my grammar though. --kc_kennylau (talk) 16:18, 19 April 2014 (UTC)
As long as what was in the etymology section did not need to be moved to the definition section. --WikiTiki89 16:28, 19 April 2014 (UTC)
I found that taken aback also has a definition as etymology, and I've fixed that. I'm trying to look at the user's other edits. --kc_kennylau (talk) 16:31, 19 April 2014 (UTC)
It turns out that SemperBlotto (talkcontribs) is the one who put the definition-like etymology in the first place in take aback. What a surprise. --kc_kennylau (talk) 16:39, 19 April 2014 (UTC)
Well that was back in 2005 when Wiktionary was a little baby. I'm more surprised that no one had noticed it until now. --WikiTiki89 16:44, 19 April 2014 (UTC)


After pruning out loads of encyclopedic crap generated by a certain IP (do we really need to know which gods and goddesses were aunts, uncles, brothers and cousins to which?), there's some important stuff missing from this or its alternative form pages, such as Gaia, the earth treated as a being in environmental philosophy. Right now, Gaea is the lemma, but modern usage seems to favor Gaia. At any rate, missing senses need to be added, perhaps things need to be restructured, and I'm getting burned out from trying to make real entries out of this garbage. Any assistance would be appreciated. Chuck Entz (talk) 03:15, 21 April 2014 (UTC)

Thanks for the cleanup. We certainly need Lovelock's sense because it is now more than 40 years old and widely used outside Lovelock's writings, but I'm not sure where to put it either. For now, I've added it to the entry at Gaia since this spelling is the one normally used for the Earth sense, whilst Gaea is the usual spelling for the god. Dbfirs 09:02, 21 April 2014 (UTC)


  • (resolved) The first definition is “stalker (traditional translation, although not very accurate in meaning and connotations)”. Why would we want to include a definition that is wrong by its own admission?
  • The second definition (“any person, whose occupation or activity is dangerously similar to those of characters from "Roadside Picnic".”) doesn’t explain what it means. You have to be familiar with Roadside Picnic; but even then, Roadside Picnic has multiple types of characters, so you have to know what the term means to know what the term means. Not very useful.
  • (resolved) The content of derived terms is “(Feminine gender) сталкерша”. Shouldn’t this be in the headword line?
  • (resolved) The pronunciation has /n/ instead of /r/. Is that correct?

Ungoliant (falai) 01:13, 29 April 2014 (UTC)

At the time of creation I didn't know what to do with it. Dictionaries are full of this translation, which is seldom used by native speakers and is only popularised by Andrey Starkovsky's movie, which I haven't seen :( but I think the meaning is not the same as the usual English "stalker". The feminine form is almost made up for completeness. (not all loanwords have feminine forms or they are considered too colloquial or pejorative).
Feminine from: That's now fixed by CodeCat. I've added a stress mark.
Pronunciation: fixed, it was Wanjuscha's typo.
The non-phonetic transliteration was more common in the USSR (knowledge of English was lower too). The more modern transliteration is сто́кер (stóker), this too is not very common. In fact, there is no direct equivalent of "stalker" in Russian. The term is usually described as упо́рный пресле́дователь (upórnyj preslédovatelʹ, persistent follower) or челове́к, кото́рый идёт по пята́м (čelovék, kotóryj idjót po pjatám, person who comes on the heels)
I will check the usage more thoroughly but is it better now? @Ungoliant MMDCCLXIV --Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 02:27, 29 April 2014 (UTC)
The explanation of how this term is translated was moved to a usage notes heading, where it belongs, but the problem remains: why keep a definition based on inaccurate translation? — Ungoliant (falai) 03:39, 29 April 2014 (UTC)
It's a rfv-sense business then, not rfc. I'm not quite keen to verify it but me or someone else will have to. It's a bit difficult because there are too many uses of irrelevant senses. I personally don't use this word but someone may and it's also included in dictionaries, actually more as a "game stalker", not "a person who secretly follows someone, sometimes with unlawful intentions" - fixing now. --Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 03:47, 29 April 2014 (UTC)
Nah, the gloss clarifies it well enough. I’ll mark that one as resolved. — Ungoliant (falai) 04:01, 29 April 2014 (UTC)
Thanks. It remains to be checked if the term is ever used in the sense "a person who secretly follows someone, sometimes with unlawful intentions", though, which I added a while ago to stalker#Translations. --Anatoli (обсудить/вклад) 04:24, 29 April 2014 (UTC)

May 2014[edit]


There are many entries for short function words that have similar problems, but we've started an off-topic discussion of this one at Wiktionary:Requests for deletion#in cash, so we might as well begin with this one.

Copied from that topic:

[] The payment is done inside some sort of cash? --kc_kennylau (talk) 16:25, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
I've added a sense to in (though it, and many of the other senses, could use some tweaking) that covers this usage. When you're speaking of money, you can say "in" almost anything- cash, securities, tens and twenties, even Monopoly money. Chuck Entz (talk) 17:17, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
I have taken a run at a subsense structure for the definitions. I feel we are still missing some senses and have unnecessary specificity in some definitions (See the sub-subsenses.), though the usexes could stay. I find prepositions among the hardest PoS sections I have tackled, requiring a great deal of abstraction to deal with the senses that are not spatial or temporal. DCDuring TALK 20:25, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
Much better, though getting it perfect might be a lifetime job. Sense 3-2 seems particularly off the mark: "he met his match in her" is just another way of saying "he met his match, and she was that match". All that stuff about "a place-like form of someone's (or something's) personality, as his, her or its psychic and physical characteristics" is just unnecessary verbiage. Consider, for instance: "In boxing, he found the perfect outlet for his anger and frustration". Chuck Entz (talk) 20:52, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
I couldn't agree more. I just didn't have the courage to hack away at every piece. We are certainly missing subsenses and also some senses that are hard to fit under the senses now in the entry. Having access to the OED would help make sense of the groupings, though there might be too much information not strictly relevant to current senses. I should probably put some musings on Talk:in. DCDuring TALK 21:09, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
(edit conflict) There's also the "dressed in, wearing" sense, as in the famous quote from w:Animal Crackers: "I once shot an elephant in my pajamas- how the elephant got in my pajamas, I'll never know", not to mention the "target of an action, within a greater whole", as in "shot in the heart", or as in "they attacked the fortification in its most vulnerable section", or as in "he was shot in the fracas, which, as we all know, can be quite painful". Chuck Entz (talk) 22:03, 3 May 2014 (UTC)

I had forgotten that five years ago I had created a page [[Appendix:Collocations of in]], intended to provide a factual basis for improving the entry. In principle, using that data, we could develop an approach that would apply to other prepositions, for the data is easily obtained. We need to look at other lexicographers' efforts, of course, because they will have captured some less common uses. We should make sure that any sense from a Wiktionary contributor is fully captured as our contributors may have noted a change of meaning that has eluded others. Talk:in has some useful material. DCDuring TALK 21:48, 3 May 2014 (UTC)



"Indeclinable" is not a part of speech that I know of. It's also missing a headword template. —CodeCat 15:47, 4 May 2014 (UTC)

I took a first pass at it (my Sanskrit is extremely rusty, so it probably needs more work). Although it can be used adjectivally, it seems to be first and foremost an adverb. The उच्चैः "combining form" is anything but- it's merely a sandhi variant that occurs when there's no vowel following to block the change from s to h. I have no idea what-if anything- we do with sandhi variants in Sanskrit. From what little I remember about external sandhi, it could get very complicated if we had entries for all of them. Chuck Entz (talk) 22:33, 4 May 2014 (UTC)
But there's no reason not to include them. We can call them {{alternative form of}}'s, or someone could create {{sandhi variant of}} or {{sa-sandhi variant of}}. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:37, 5 May 2014 (UTC)

German edits by, etc.[edit]

Although it's a different IP every day (yesterday, the day before, the day before, etc.), they all seem to be the same person- for one thing, they all geolocate to the same place in Germany, and the editing style matches. Many of their edits seem to be good, but they have a tendency to carry things to extremes.

In the entry for a given morpheme, they list every term they can think of that contains it under "Derived terms", or in entries for terms containing the morpheme they include a similar list under "Related terms" (though sometimes they get the headers mixed up, as in this edit: diff). For example, they added the following to Wasserfarbe:

The problem is is that I don't know the language well enough to judge what to keep and what to remove- so I would appreciate it if a fluent speaker would go through their edits with the above in mind and also give this prolific, good-faith editor some advice on how to not waste their time on list-bloat. Chuck Entz (talk) 01:13, 17 May 2014 (UTC)

This is really a problem with how we consider related terms. We consider them only on morphological grounds, so there's nothing to suggest such lists of words are bad in any way. —CodeCat 01:15, 17 May 2014 (UTC)
I thought it was etymology, rather than morphology. Also, most of these are SOP compounds of independent words, so they really shouldn't be considered "related" because they happen to include the same word. For instance, is Teppichfarbe really related to Hautfarbe or Türfarbe? Chuck Entz (talk) 01:58, 17 May 2014 (UTC)
I may not be able to define inappropriate "Related terms" entries, but I know them when I see them, and adding all other compounds of both Wasser and Farbe to the "Related terms" section of Wasserfarbe is not what that section is for. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 09:30, 17 May 2014 (UTC)
The obvious examples of related terms that are relevant are Ölfarbe (oil paint) and Acrylfarbe (acrylic paint). I've added these, and deleted all the others. I'll take a look at some of their other contributions. Smurrayinchester (talk) 09:54, 17 May 2014 (UTC)

June 2014[edit]

knock me over with a feather[edit]

Recently added. Cursory GBooks search seems to indicate this is in use. May need a better lemma, definitely needs a better definition. Keφr 20:25, 9 June 2014 (UTC)

Here are the 12 instances found on COCA with a search of "* * [knock] * over with a feather"
I conclude that whatever the lemma, if it is kept, you could have knocked me over with a feather should redirect to it. DCDuring TALK 23:26, 9 June 2014 (UTC)
Also used are "could have knocked/could knock me down with a feather," "could have been knocked down/over by a feather," and the imperative "knock me down/over with a feather." Also "might" can sometimes replace "could." — Pingkudimmi 13:21, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
I think this should be moved to "knock over with a feather" or "knock someone over down with a feather" (depending on how we deal with phrases like this which have to be used with an internal object). It's also used in the third person ("you could have knocked her down with a feather") and the first-person plural ("you could have knocked us over with a feather"). No evidence of any real use in conjugation ("knocking...", "knocks...") on Google Books, which makes me think it only goes with modal verbs like "could", "could've", "might've" etc. I guess this is one of those phrases that falls into the construction grammar black hole, which we don't really know what to do with. Smurrayinchester (talk) 13:48, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
@Pingku The search for the active form with down only found one instance at COCA. I expect it would be thrice attestable on larger corpora and should therefore be an alternative form. The passive (with either down or over) only appeared once, but it too is almost certainly tri-attestable.
@Smurrayinchester Three of the thirteen total instances of the expression involve non-animate things being knocked down. I conclude that knock something down with a feather should be the lemma, something presumably including someone, and that knock someone down with a feather should redirect to it. That is, unless we believe that the inanimate object uses, but not the animate ones, are SoP. DCDuring TALK 15:03, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
The inanimate uses (what are some examples?) must have a different meaning, because "You could have knocked me over with a feather" (crucially over and not down) means "I was thoroughly astonished", which is not something that usually happens to inanimate objects. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 15:11, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
@Angr There are truncated examples from COCA above. It is a hyperbole for the situation that something physical, including a person, could easily fall apart or fail. I suppose we could have two lemmas, bidirectionally linked under See also and unidirectionally under Etymology from the "something" entry to the "someone" entry and in the opposite direction under Derived terms, but the "someone" sense is not really radically different, just something figurative. DCDuring TALK 15:34, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
We don't necessarily need two lemmas, just two senses: "(of a person) to be thoroughly astonished" and "(of an object) to be flimsily built" or the like. Or I guess we do need a separate lemma using down rather than over, which is usually used of an object rather than a person, but maybe there are some attestations of its being used of a person too. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 15:40, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
@DCDuring I don't think the inanimate use of the phrase needs much explaining, really. "You could have knocked the house down with a feather" means (very transparently, if rather hyperbolically) that the house was weak, and I think that any non-native speaker with average reading comprehension could work that out from "knock down" and "feather". "You could have knocked my dad down with a feather" doesn't mean that my dad is weak, though, it means that he is surprised, and that information is not contained in the sum of parts. (There may be some occasional use of the phrase to mean "weak" when referring to people as well, but that can be covered by {{&lit}}.) Smurrayinchester (talk) 16:04, 10 June 2014 (UTC)
@Smurrayinchester I think I've gone non-native: I've gone soft on the include-every-collocation approach to inclusion and have even internalized it. DCDuring TALK 16:45, 10 June 2014 (UTC)

Appendix:Basic Frisian Phrasebook[edit]

This page uses {{IPAchar}}, but the transcriptions use a bunch of non-IPA symbols, including colons (which are obviously supposed to be vowel length marks), ampersands (not sure what those are supposed to be), @s, capital As, ... - -sche (discuss) 00:31, 12 June 2014 (UTC)

It also has a column 'Pronunciation' after the 'IPA' column. That should be deleted ASAP. Renard Migrant (talk) 10:34, 19 June 2014 (UTC)
We have nobody except User:Vedac13 who has any knowledge at all in North Frisian, unfortunately. Should we ask on Wikipedia? Or maybe try on the West Frisian Wiktionary just in case there is anyone there who happens to have studied North Frisian too? —CodeCat 13:06, 19 June 2014 (UTC)


The 3rd sense (saucy) needs clarification: which sense of "saucy" is valid, or perhaps all of them? --Hekaheka (talk) 05:12, 18 June 2014 (UTC)

Certainly not sense 1 of saucy. Sense 2 and 3 for sure, and maybe sense 4, though I'm not sure. However, I don't see the difference between those and sense 1 of sassy. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 07:15, 18 June 2014 (UTC)
I can't see the reason for dividing the entry into five distinct senses. Doesn't "sassy" mean all of these at the same time (with varying emphasis, of course)? Dbfirs 07:57, 20 June 2014 (UTC)
I would say no. #1 and #2 could be merged perhaps. The only definition I know isn't there, the idea of being sexy, confident perhaps cheeky too. So perhaps all of that is a single sense and could be merged into one. As for vigorous and lively, never come across these! Are they dated or archaic, should we rfv them? How is the vigorous sense used, like a sassy workout (a vigorous workout)? Renard Migrant (talk) 19:40, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
New Oxford Dictionary of English (2001) gives one sense, the same as our sense 2, but doesn't mention sexiness. Renard Migrant (talk) 19:55, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
Oh and it says from saucy as opposed to from sass + -y. Renard Migrant (talk) 20:18, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
Yes, sass comes from "sauce", of course. The sexual connotation is just an extension of "cheeky and provocative": I don't think it's a primary sense. Dbfirs 07:08, 21 July 2014 (UTC)


466 hyponyms, by my best count (in a collapsible box, true, but that's still a lot). Wouldn't this be better as a category? Chuck Entz (talk) 23:34, 20 June 2014 (UTC)

Not only that, but the terms in the list have encyclopedic information such as lists of ingredients with quantities in grams. No evidence that this has ever been looked at by anyone but the creator and some bots. Chuck Entz (talk) 23:40, 20 June 2014 (UTC)

Obama phone[edit]

Worded with a decidedly conservative slant, and the Wikipedia link bears no resemblance to the definition: where does it say anything about "minutes", let alone "unlimited minutes" (the Wikipedia article makes it look like it only applies to landlines), and where does it say anything about "minorities", aside from a reference to people living on tribal lands? This may be in use, but it should at least have a context label, and I suspect it's factually incorrect, as well. Could someone check on this?Chuck Entz (talk) 02:15, 22 June 2014 (UTC)

I have reworded the definition based on my research. Improvements welcome. — Ungoliant (falai) 04:03, 22 June 2014 (UTC)
As it stands now, this goes a bit too far in the other direction. There seems to be a real public policy that the urban legend caricatures, and that some may be referring to rather than the urban-legend version. I think we would be better off referring to the actual policy, followed by something like "which a conservative urban legend has portrayed as...". DCDuring explains the basic idea more fully in his response at rfv. Chuck Entz (talk) 05:26, 22 June 2014 (UTC)
Sounds good. — Ungoliant (falai) 05:43, 22 June 2014 (UTC)
I took a shot at it. The urban legend part struck me as a little bit on the POV side- I think referring to it as a belief is enough to avoid the trap of treating it as fact, but without implying as much of a judgment on those who believe it. Chuck Entz (talk) 20:39, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
How's the entry look now? - -sche (discuss) 03:56, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

oh, brother[edit]

Spare me please. Let's please not make this a redirect. Redirect for this phrase is horrible. Let's make an entry out of oh brother. Most redirects on this site are kind of bad actually. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 02:19, 27 June 2014 (UTC)

What's wrong with it? You can say "oh shit", "oh fuck", "oh hell", "oh damn", etc. The "oh" is a separate addition. Equinox 13:49, 27 June 2014 (UTC)
I say either delete it altogether or make it an entry. oh, brother should have a definition like "Expression of displeasure." or something like that. Can we do this? Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 15:04, 27 June 2014 (UTC)
Is brother used on its own as an interjection? How often? I would make oh, brother an entry unless brother on its own is more common than very rare. Renard Migrant (talk) 19:42, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
It can be, though I suppose it might be an elision of the first part. It's less common, at any rate. Then again, there are all kinds of expressions that are often preceded by oh- just about the whole gamut of spontaneous expressions of emotion. Chuck Entz (talk) 20:14, 28 June 2014 (UTC)
I asked what was wrong with it, not what you want to do with it. Equinox 20:15, 28 June 2014 (UTC)


Please clean this up, per reason on the template I gave. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 06:26, 27 June 2014 (UTC)

Yes check.svg Done. — Ungoliant (falai) 08:36, 27 June 2014 (UTC)
Thank you! Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 15:04, 27 June 2014 (UTC)

Many of the recent creations of User:Angelucci[edit]

Since SemperBlotto isn't with us at the moment, a lot of Angelucci'srecent creations are going unscrutinized. Angelucci seems incapable of learning but also doesn't seem to mind his/her entries being deleted so we've been dealing with these with speedy deletions. But we no longer have an Italian speaking active admin. parlare con tono di condiscendenza, trattare con arroganza and con tono di condiscendenza look bogus to me. Renard Migrant (talk) 19:34, 28 June 2014 (UTC)


The defns are lifted straight out of Oxford Dictionaries. Also, I'm too lazy ATM to add a third definition. --Type56op9 (talk) 17:12, 30 June 2014 (UTC)

July 2014[edit]


This has no part of speech header, just "Definitions" which doesn't meet WT:ELE. —CodeCat 20:23, 7 July 2014 (UTC)

It's worth mentioning that single character terms are all derived from Old and Middle Chinese, which lacked parts of speech or cause significant problems defining in modern linguistics. Just one link for now Parts of Speech: Empirical and Theoretical Advances --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 06:59, 19 August 2014 (UTC)
Rather, parts of speech definitely exist in Chinese but they are determined by individual usage in sentences or word components, only in combinations. Even then, various sources define the same terms in the same combinations as different PoS. The important thing is, which part of speech a Chinese character is has no impact, as there is no inflection. Rather than listing assumed PoS (many dictionaries don't define parts of speeches, so a Wiktionary editor has to make them up), it's easier to provide generic senses and examples of usage. See as an example. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 07:10, 19 August 2014 (UTC)

Category:Language code is name/ttbc/unrecognised[edit]

This category contains translations that use names that {{ttbc}} does not recognise. They need to be fixed before this template can be orphaned, per prior BP discussions. The names should be converted into the appropriate language code. As this requires a lot of specific knowledge, I hope we can get several knowledgeable editors to help? —CodeCat 20:42, 7 July 2014 (UTC)

I think we treat Ripuarian as Kölsch (ksh) don't we? That's the one in winter. The one in peace, I can't spot which it is, and in I love you, there are loads! Renard Migrant (talk) 22:32, 13 July 2014 (UTC)


Everything below the template please, including improper template usage. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 13:57, 8 July 2014 (UTC)

Definitely a poster child for the confusion about the correct POS for participles: The Swedish section probably needs to have everything except perhaps the "pedestrian" sense merged into the participle, but that's a judgement for someone who actually speaks Swedish. Chuck Entz (talk) 14:06, 8 July 2014 (UTC)
Bokmål is perfectly OK (also an adjective, which I will look at); it is listed as an adjective and noun in the Swedish Wiktionary, and also as a present participle under . I suggest the RFC be removed. Donnanz (talk) 13:32, 11 February 2015 (UTC)


Contains a long discussion of the historical usage and significance of the terms inalienable and unalienable, to the point that the entry looks more like an essay (complete with footnotes) than a dictionary entry. Yes, it's discussing matters under a dictionary's purview- but not in the manner of a dictionary.

Can someone do some pruning and reformatting so that people don't keep adding to and footnoting it even more? Chuck Entz (talk) 20:59, 12 July 2014 (UTC)

I suggest that we delete everything after the first sentence in the usage note. The essay could be moved to Wikipedia if anyone thinks it is sufficiently notable. Does anyone object? If so, perhaps some of the examples of historical usage could be moved to the citations page. Dbfirs 21:02, 13 July 2014 (UTC)
No argument from me, assuming you're just talking about the usage notes, and not the translations, etc. The person who added the essay certainly knows whereof he speaks, but this is a dictionary, not a collection of scholarly essays. Chuck Entz (talk) 21:28, 13 July 2014 (UTC)
I've never heard of unalienable, is it just a rarer form? Does usage really suggest a difference between the two? Renard Migrant (talk) 12:56, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
Done what Dbfirs suggested and left in the in-line citation so readers can click to read more if they so desire. The overspill from the usage notes is at Talk:inalienable#Usage notes and could be moved in part to the citations page if someone desires. Renard Migrant (talk) 13:12, 15 July 2014 (UTC)

pickup and pick up#Noun[edit]

pickup and pick up#Noun need a bit of work. Something smells fishy with the duplication of senses.

Pretty sure the noun is only spelled pickup or pick-up. Written as two words, it's only the verb. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 08:48, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
In theory at least, but you know native speakers don't always follow the rules found in grammar textbooks. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:07, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
Not in casual writing, no, but we rely on attestations in durably archived sources, most of which (with the exception of Usenet discussions) have been copyedited and proofread. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 12:57, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
To me, the sense "(tennis) a half-volley" is wrong. 'Good pickup' or 'difficult pickup' refer to the difficulty of getting the ball back into play, whereas half-volley is the shot itself. It's a very slight difference and I'm not sure any citations would lead to a distinction between the two. Perhaps a cleanup of all the sense would make it easier to fix this one. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:13, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
Well, now I think about it, it good be a good pickup to get the ball into play, but a bad half-volley. That's what I mean. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:17, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
I agree with Angr. For most if not all noun senses of pick up is an alternative form of either the hyphenated form or the solid form. This would be typical, at least for compound nouns of this kind, ie, those with an phrasal verb homonym. Some empirical work or at least consultation with authorities (lemmings) is required to confirm this. DCDuring TALK 11:25, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
AFAICT no dictionary puts noun definitions at pick up rather than pickup or pick-up. Searching for plurals and article/determiner combinations at COCA shows that pickup is much more common than pick-up, which is significantly more common than pick up. If noun definitions belong at pick-up they will probably be those that are closely associated or recently derived from the verb pick up.
Accordingly, I have gutted the noun section at pick up, moving the definitions to pickup or pick-up by my lights. I left the tennis sense at pick up because it has a citation, but if the preponderance of citations of that sense are of another form, its definition should also be moved. Patient work to refine this further would yield better entries. DCDuring TALK 11:59, 15 July 2014 (UTC)
BNC shows the same ordering of forms, though not with as great a magnitude of difference as COCA. DCDuring TALK 12:03, 15 July 2014 (UTC)


I created the entry, yet could someone please help me clean it up? Thanks. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 07:14, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

I did my best, take a look. Template goofs aside, expressions like "a term for X" should be avoided in definitions, unless the defined term actually refers to a term (think synonym: would you have it read "a term for a term which has the same meaning as another term"?). Other issues: are those two noun definitions really distinct? Also, I think "Central West Germany" should not have "West" or "Central" capitalised, unless this is a specific geographical term. Likewise for "Middle and Lower Rhine river". But I am not sure if it is, so I left that intact. Keφr 08:10, 25 July 2014 (UTC)
According to WP they are distinct senses: one refers to distinct languages spoken in the region (Luxembourgish, Franconian, etc.) and the other to the dialect of Standard German spoken in the Rhineland. I tweaked the definition to make that clearer, but WP isn’t exactly a paragon of trustworthiness so if anyone knows more on the subject please comment/edit. I also changed the POS to proper noun. Even though it refers to a group of languages and not to a single language, it still denotes an individual entity (the group). Compare Germanic (def. 2). — Ungoliant (falai) 16:27, 25 July 2014 (UTC)

the word 'jones' referring to an intense craving or addiction[edit]

I looked with interest at the definition of 'jones' and the derived word 'jonesing'. I was under the impression that the terms were slang that came into use in referring to characteristics derived from the singer Tom Jones, his singing style, and the lyrics of his songs. Is there any evidence of this being the case?

BeaJay <email redacted>

The timing is plausible, since apparently it arose in the '60s, and Tom Jones' first solo release was in 1964. I don't know what you mean about his style, though...? The heroin addict etymology sounds a lot more likely. Equinox 21:30, 30 July 2014 (UTC)

August 2014[edit]

Category:English countable proper nouns[edit]

Previous discussion: Wiktionary:Beer parlour/2014/July#Proper nouns

{{en-proper noun}} now puts entries here whenever they have a plural. Per the discussion, many of these are probably actually common nouns that have been miscategorised. —CodeCat 13:17, 3 August 2014 (UTC)

I am going through them in AWB. About 50 were acronyms with {{en-proper noun|undefined}} as their headword line — strange. Others are common nouns. Others are personal names which are OK as-is. - -sche (discuss) 19:13, 3 August 2014 (UTC)
I'd forgotten that we have lots of abbreviations of individual entities and that we had decided to show them with parts of speech. The plurals really seem unnatural, but not necessarily, eg, "Today I looked at the websites for the YMCAs in my county.". So maybe we do need to control the display of proper noun at the level of individual entries. Sigh. DCDuring TALK 19:59, 3 August 2014 (UTC)
Are we the only dictionary that bothers including regular plurals? Most of them only list a plural if it's something unpredictable like "mice" or "stadia" or "appendices". As usual, everyone is wasting time on rubbish when they could be adding actual words we are missing. Equinox 09:03, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
It's one of the advantages to not being paper. We also list the inflected forms of words in inflecting languages like Latin, which most if not all other dictionaries don't. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 09:48, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
I can't find an on-line dictionary that uses computer power to show plurals either, including those that have no print counterpart. Perhaps the OED or beginning language learner dictionaries? Does anyone know of one? DCDuring TALK 13:31, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
It is curious (and unhelpful) that the common online dictionaries don't list plurals. When I look at Merriam-Webster Online and Dictionary.com, the lack of plurals makes it impossible to tell there's a difference in terms of countability / pluralization between cat (countable) and anger (usually uncountable). - -sche (discuss) 15:39, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
Cambridge Advanced Learners' Dictionary (online) says "A good learner’s dictionary will tell you how to make the plural of any noun." on a special page, which can be accessed from the entry for plural, but it does not actually show the plural for -s plurals in entries. So either there is dissension in the ranks or they believe that the special page suffices. Most good dictionaries cover uncountability by marking the word and/or its senses, as we do. I suppose they are trying to reduce screen clutter a bit by excluding plurals, probably believing that regular plural formation is one of the very first things that language learners pick up.
Learners dictionaries also don't confuse learners by including all the special cases that we include, eg, rare uncountability, rare and obsolete spelling, including digraphs. Even having multiple languages seems to confuse some potential users. Simple is an effort to address the needs of learners who are put off by such complications. I firmly believe that one of the things that we cannot be is an introductory English learners dictionary. DCDuring TALK 16:13, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
It's a fallacy to think that people would be adding words if they weren't adding plurals, or indeed to think that they should be adding words rather than plurals. Language learners are one of Wiktionary's audiences, and knowing how cat and Cat pluralize is helpful to them.
- -sche (discuss) 15:39, 5 August 2014 (UTC)
Are there any facts that say who make up our usership, especially repeat passive users?
Has our slogan been further extended further into the absurdly impractical: "All senses of all collocations in all spellings in all languages for all users (except don't bother inserting translation tables for most entries)"? DCDuring TALK 17:28, 1 September 2014 (UTC)

accents which are not accents[edit]

Everything in Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:Others should be changed to specify which "other" accents, I think. And Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:not according to standard pronunciation should be shortened to "nonstandard", at least. And how do we feel about using {{a}} to specify part of speech? See Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:adjective, Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:adverb, Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:singular, Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:plural, Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:accent:noun, etc. Should these entries be switched to {{qualifier}}? - -sche (discuss) 08:46, 5 August 2014 (UTC)


About 62 main-namespace pages uses this nonexistent template. I suppose the solution is to have a bot incorporate the information that the term is plural into the preceding headword-line templates somehow. - -sche (discuss) 08:46, 5 August 2014 (UTC)

There are no longer any main namespace pages which use this template. I don't know who cleaned them up or how, but this is resolved. - -sche (discuss) 04:36, 12 January 2015 (UTC)
Probably MewBot when it added {{context|}} in front of all the context labels. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:52, 12 January 2015 (UTC)


Do we really need this video showing ejaculation here? I don’t think it serves a useful purpose. Video has also been added to éjaculation and magömlés. —Stephen (Talk) 11:36, 8 August 2014 (UTC)

No we don't. I've removed them. --WikiTiki89 11:52, 8 August 2014 (UTC)


The English headword line is a real mess, I can't figure out what it's meaning to say because of all the qualifiers. Furthermore, it looks like not all senses are covered. —CodeCat 16:28, 9 August 2014 (UTC)


Turkish verb. Needs the proper inflections or whatever we do for Turkish. Equinox 07:37, 10 August 2014 (UTC)


There's a template I've never seen before. It's strange that this template doesn't categorise in any way, so it's been there for a while. —CodeCat 21:41, 21 August 2014 (UTC)

Actually, {{rndc}} ({{copyvio}} is a redirect) categorizes into Category:Definitionless terms. It looks like it's supposed to be added after copyvio definitions have been removed, but in this case the defintions are still there. Apparently EncycloPetey didn't realize this when he added the template in 2011. My guess is that everyone who followed the link from the cat saw that it wasn't definitionless and left it for someone else to sort out. Chuck Entz (talk) 01:57, 22 August 2014 (UTC)
Wow, that's a mess. I'd RFD both templates since they clearly haven't been used in years, and we haven't handled copyright violations or definition requests that way in years (copyvios are deleted or maybe RFCed, definition requests are made with {{rfdef}} or sometimes {{defn}}). - -sche (discuss) 06:03, 22 August 2014 (UTC)
I nominated rndc for deletion, Only one other person commented so I closed it as passed for no consensus. My argument then and now would be we don't keep copyright violations, we delete them or if other valid content is on the page, we hide the revisions then add back the definition in our own words. I also think that no entry at all is better than a blank entry, blanked because all of the information has had to be removed. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:13, 1 September 2014 (UTC)


Forgive my naivety, but why is this entry under a "Swedish" header? Presumably all Latin-alphabet languages call this commune "Apples". This, that and the other (talk) 03:45, 23 August 2014 (UTC)

It looks to me like Connel MacKenzie was thinking about something else at the time and got Switzerland and Sweden transposed in his mind just long enough to choose the wrong language header. After that, it was just bots and narrowly-focused humans editing the entry, so no one noticed. Chuck Entz (talk) 04:23, 23 August 2014 (UTC)
Do we really want this entry at all? I'm all in favor of including place names of largish places, especially when they have different names in different languages, but this village of 1200 people doesn't even have different names in other Swiss languages, let alone any other language. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 12:07, 23 August 2014 (UTC)
The odd coincidence that it's spelled the same as a common English word (not counting capiitalization) should count for something. Chuck Entz (talk) 14:33, 23 August 2014 (UTC)
I'm already over that coincidence. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 19:00, 23 August 2014 (UTC)


In the entry "endowment" the translations are not matching anymore the definitions--Diuturno (talk) 07:53, 25 August 2014 (UTC)

I've matched the translation header to the definition, but I'm not sure that the words are correct translations. The Finnish word translates back as just "donation" (but it might also mean endowment). Dbfirs 09:01, 26 October 2014 (UTC)
@Dbfirs If Finnish was the only problem, I'd say you can remove the clean-up tag. "Endowment" is a difficult word to translate into Finnish, because there's no one word that would cover all sorts of endowments. Rather, there are specific words for the different ways of endowing. I added a few of them, and also added a new English definition, as the insurance sense was missing. --Hekaheka (talk) 05:47, 2 March 2015 (UTC)
Thanks for the improvement. I can't remember now how far I got with checking the other languages, but there are still one or two that I'm not sure about for the investment sense. It's a difficult word to translate into any language, so perhaps we need a native speaker of each to be sure. Dbfirs 19:09, 2 March 2015 (UTC)

corporeal, corporal[edit]

The problem is with senses #2 and #3

2. Of or pertaining to the body; bodily.
3. (archaic) Corporal.

So we go to corporal:

1. (archaic) Having a physical, tangible body; corporeal.
2. Of or pertaining to the body, especially the human body.

So the questions are how do senses #2 and #3 differ, apart from one is archaic and one isn't? How are senses #1 and #2 of corporal different? If they are different, which sense is corporeal #3 referring to? Renard Migrant (talk) 10:16, 26 August 2014 (UTC)

I'm surprised no-one has cleaned up the entry yet. Perhaps, like me, they are slightly confused by the varying senses. I'll have a go when my brain is working better, though I hope someone who thinks clearly beats me to it. Dbfirs 10:39, 14 September 2014 (UTC)

lore abuse[edit]

A user account (Smettems) and an IP ( are both following a common agenda: come up with etymologically-English alternatives to names of sciences that use the -ology suffix by using lore- which they're treating as a suffix- as proposed in this 1910 article. They're also adding translations to these new terms. The big problem with this agenda is that -ology isn't synonymous with lore as used in compounds: the lore compounds refer to the body of stories, beliefs and customs connected to the subjects studied by the -ologies, not the studies. Although some of these compounds are unattested except for mentions in the article I mentioned, most of them have usage that doesn't match the new definitions.

We need to go through the edits of both of these contributors (if they're not the same person), and get rid of the linguistic-engineering POV stuff. Chuck Entz (talk) 08:23, 27 August 2014 (UTC)

Oh god. I've had a look at lakelore, and the term exists, but is not synonymous with limnology. And it's not just fixing those two lemmas (which included moving the translations for "limnology" back from "lakelore"), it's every other translation (for limnology) which has been touched. (linneolaíocht, to pick but one example, is limnology, not lakelore.)
And so on for each of these. I have no doubt that many, maybe even most of them can be attested, and I also have no doubt that they don't have the meanings given them by Smettems. --Catsidhe (verba, facta) 10:13, 27 August 2014 (UTC)
He's also been merrily adding these terms to Wikipedia as redirects to the sciences, so he could add a link to w:lakelore or w:bonelore, and you can easily follow it to the wrong answer. --Catsidhe (verba, facta) 10:24, 27 August 2014 (UTC)
  • What is particularly annoying about their edits has been the removal of content from existing terms. So for instance the entire translation table was removed from trichology and replaced with {{trans-see|hairlore}}. Ƿidsiþ 11:13, 27 August 2014 (UTC)

Lets see if we can get a list of the terms needing attention

He's also had a go at inventing deerslaughter for cervicide and catslaughter for felicide (and doesn't seem to mind that the analogous pair manslaughter and homicide are not, in fact, exact synonyms).

--Catsidhe (verba, facta) 11:50, 27 August 2014 (UTC)

  • The removal of the translation tables would make this user a candidate for blocking. The entries or the bad definitions thereon could just be RfVed, to save editing effort. I added the tags but lost internet service before I could add them to the RfV page. If no one cites them, they could be deleted to be re-added when as and if there are cites. DCDuring TALK 13:37, 27 August 2014 (UTC)

I have to say, sometimes I’m sympathetic to linguistic purism, but I wouldn’t force my preferences on the project like this. (Do I get a cookie?) --Æ&Œ (talk) 02:46, 2 September 2014 (UTC)

Of course you do. Hit F12 in your browser and type:
document.cookie = 'SETH_IS_A_GOOD_BOY=1';

Keφr 06:35, 2 September 2014 (UTC)

Catslaughter sounds like the laughter of a cat to me. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:22, 12 September 2014 (UTC)


diff, is it acceptable to move the translations from coccyx to tailbone in this way? Tailbone isn't a rare English word so, I'm reluctant to revert. Renard Migrant (talk) 18:19, 12 September 2014 (UTC)

Oh never mind, per Google Books Ngram, coccyx is way more common. Renard Migrant (talk) 18:21, 12 September 2014 (UTC)
The diff you want is this one. Interestingly, although "coccyx" is more common at bgc ngrams than "tailbone", "my/your/his/her tailbone" have been more common than "my/your/his/her coccyx" since about 1980. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 19:05, 12 September 2014 (UTC)
Isn't it a context/register issue? Coccyx is mostly medical, possibly formal. Tailbone is the lay and colloquial term, the usage of which is reinforced by widespread uncertainty as to the pronunciation of coccyx. We do try to respect register differences in translation tables, don't we? DCDuring TALK 21:42, 12 September 2014 (UTC)
You're right of course. If you fancy the task, go for it. Don't expect people adding future translations to respect the difference though. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:15, 13 September 2014 (UTC)
I've put in {{ttbc}}s at [[coccyx]] for terms in Roman script that seemed to be calques of tailbone and at [[tailbone]] for terms that seem derived from Latin coccyx. Others would need to complete the job. DCDuring TALK 15:23, 13 September 2014 (UTC)


What is this an alternative form of? DTLHS (talk) 21:12, 29 August 2014 (UTC)

I have my doubts that this is an alternative form of anything. Here is the context of the edit that created it. The sequence went: praeclarissime,praedaturus, praedandus, praedaturum, praedatura. The previous creation, praedaturus, also has a questionable alternative form section, and there were other errors nearby such as this: diff. Chuck Entz (talk) 23:26, 29 August 2014 (UTC)
Yeah, it's not an alt form so much as an inflected form of an alt form, which tripped up the bot. See also User_talk:SemperBlottoBot#abominandus. - -sche (discuss) 04:16, 31 August 2014 (UTC)

September 2014[edit]

bé bằng củ khoai, cứ vai mà gọi[edit]

An anon brought this up in feedback: it's mostly a lengthy discussion of a part of traditional Vietnamese culture, with the actual definition given a very cursory treatment. It also shows poor command of English, and, being the amateur ethnobotanist that I am, I should add that it seems to mistranslate khoai (without a modifier, it should be the true yam, Dioscorea, not sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, or something generic like potato). Chuck Entz (talk) 01:31, 2 September 2014 (UTC)

sic semper tyrannis[edit]

The language heading is Latin but the templates are for English. I’m not sure which language this should be listed as. — Ungoliant (falai) 16:24, 6 September 2014 (UTC)

I'd say English; in Latin it would be SOP. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:05, 6 September 2014 (UTC)
I'd say it's Latin and sum of parts; "motto of the State of Virginia" isn't a definition, it's a way of using the phrase. Mottos are in the domain of an encyclopedia not a dictionary. Renard Migrant (talk) 13:52, 7 September 2014 (UTC)
When this book says, "It was also a not too subtle warning to the British government that 'Sic semper tyrannis'", it seems to be using the phrase in English. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 15:06, 7 September 2014 (UTC)
I disagree. I think it is still Latin, just Latin which everyone reading is expected to understand. --Catsidhe (verba, facta) 22:08, 7 September 2014 (UTC)
Let's see if this was ever used attestably in Latin before 1776, especially in a proverbial way, when it was recommended for use in the seal of the State of Virginia. It has been RfVed as a Latin term. DCDuring TALK 15:28, 13 September 2014 (UTC)

vitam impendere vero[edit]

This, from 2010, is the same issue and should be cleaned up in the same way as sic semper. - -sche (discuss) 17:05, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

The Latin is sum of parts, but giving the citations it could be considered translingual. Plus of course, impendere is an infinitive. Mglovesfun (talk) 00:00, 29 January 2010 (UTC)

I created this for the sake of this policy discussion. Please do not edit the entry without commenting in the Beer Parlour.  (u):Raifʻhār (t):Doremítzwr﴿ 00:04, 29 January 2010 (UTC)


If anyone fancies a big job of bringing an entry into the 21st century, have a look at settle. I did my best to modernise some of the definitions and reformat things, but there's still a decent amount of work to be done to make it looks reasonable. --Type56op9 (talk) 12:53, 11 September 2014 (UTC)


An adjective meaning "mystery (of story, novel, movie etc), detective (of story, novel, movie etc), crime (of story, novel, etc.)". Really an adjective, and really meaning all of these are a single sense? Renard Migrant (talk) 11:21, 13 September 2014 (UTC)

Is it OK now? — Ungoliant (falai) 04:23, 4 October 2014 (UTC)



  1. the structure of attitudes, practices, and institutions by which humans dominate, exploit, and abuse members of other species.

If you wade through the verbiage, you'll find a rather negative POV. Can someone make (a) clear and concise NPOV definition(s) that fit(s) the usage? Chuck Entz (talk) 05:23, 15 September 2014 (UTC)


Someone with knowledge of Hindi needed to move the information in the definition line to the etymology. --Type56op9 (talk) 14:55, 15 September 2014 (UTC)

Done. Now is this term used to refer to translators working in India by non-Indians, or is it Indian English for any translator? DTLHS (talk) 16:18, 15 September 2014 (UTC)


Another archaic entry. --Type56op9 (talk) 15:02, 15 September 2014 (UTC)

Category:Character needing Unicode name[edit]

This category now contains entries where some form of {{character info}} template is used without specifying the Unicode name of the character with the name= parameter. Can someone who has time and knowledge go over these and add the parameter? —CodeCat 23:58, 16 September 2014 (UTC)

Can't the template just get this from Module:Unicode data? DTLHS (talk) 00:06, 17 September 2014 (UTC)
Eventually we would probably rewrite it that way. But that's a long-term thing, this is more short-term. —CodeCat 00:09, 17 September 2014 (UTC)
I've done the entries in the (g) section (23/395). It doesn't require any knowledge, really; just clicking on the codepoint link and then adding the character name from the relevant "Unicode Utilities: Character Properties" page to the character info box. — I.S.M.E.T.A. 15:37, 24 September 2014 (UTC)

Edits of IP user[edit]

This person has been adding pronunciations with ju for the letter u/sound u to entries. Nothing wrong with that, even if it does give their idiolect undue weight in entries that had no IPA at all. It got so I was skipping their edits in my patrolling to concentrate on the sort more likely to be vandalism (my IPA is a bit rusty), but just now I found an entry where they replaced an existing pronunciation with one of theirs. I suspect that they've done this more than once, but I don't know whether it's a serious problem or just one or two occasions. They also seemed to have done a few changes here and there to convert to UK as opposed to US spellings. Could someone who's more comfortable with IPA look through their edits to check for problems? There are a few dozen edits, most of which have already been patrolled, but perhaps not with such issues in mind. Thanks! Chuck Entz (talk) 03:35, 18 September 2014 (UTC)

OK, I've cleaned up his edits from the 17th. Nothing wrong with them really except failing to distinguish RP pronuns from GenAm pronuns. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 10:36, 18 September 2014 (UTC)

by your leave[edit]

Needs to be fixed up to meet ELE. I would do it if I had time! This, that and the other (talk) 12:28, 18 September 2014 (UTC)

Yes check.svg Done by DCDuring, it seems. Equinox 13:25, 18 September 2014 (UTC)
I included senseid links from the headword to [[by]] and [[leave]] in lieu of an etymology section. Annoyingly, the use of {{senseid}} places the entry in Category:Link with section. DCDuring TALK 13:41, 18 September 2014 (UTC)

Thai entries with translations[edit]

Found them by accident, while compiling a list of pages to process with xte. I guess the translation lists need to be moved somewhere.

Keφr 05:19, 20 September 2014 (UTC)

I think the first two should be split into เอามะพร้าวห้าวไปขายสวน and เอาแป้งนวลไปขายชาววัง (two sayings, same meaning), and เสร็จนาฆ่าโคถึก and เสร็จศึกฆ่าขุนพล (two sayings, same meaning). Not sure whether they should be called sayings, phrases, or proverbs. —Stephen (Talk) 08:18, 26 September 2014 (UTC)
I just deleted the translations. If anyone wants to fish them out of the history and put them in an English entry, then do so. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:24, 26 September 2014 (UTC)
Cleaned up. —Stephen (Talk) 14:06, 26 September 2014 (UTC)


This transwiki attempts to categorize into the nonexistent Category:English Hindu given names‏‎. I'm not really sure whether this is English or transliterated Hindi. Chuck Entz (talk) 22:22, 26 September 2014 (UTC)

Ancestry.com finds 14 hits, part of the surnames point to India, but 14 is so little that I'd suggest deletion. Since Sanjana derives from Sanskrit, I'll change the category.--Makaokalani (talk) 11:12, 25 February 2015 (UTC)


Translations need a lot of work / verification- some languages we don't recognize. DTLHS (talk) 18:37, 28 September 2014 (UTC)

Wiktionary:Requested entries (Japanese)[edit]

The page is full of rōmaji, which is a romanisation for Japanese, not the native Japanese script, which can be kanji, hiragana and katakana only. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 05:58, 30 September 2014 (UTC)

So create the kanji/kana entries referred to by the romaji. Most people who use request pages don't speak the languages they're adding requests for, so it's unrealistic to expect them to only use scripts they don't know in order to make a request. Chuck Entz (talk) 07:25, 30 September 2014 (UTC)
Yes, you're right. It still needs cleaning up. Lots of names of parks or mountains, mixed with kanji/kana as original requests and there is a similar page Wiktionary:Requested entries:Japanese/Non-romaji for kanji/kana terms. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 07:38, 30 September 2014 (UTC)

October 2014[edit]


I think the "Derived terms" and "Related terms" need some attention. In my opinion, most if not all entries under "Related terms" are actually "Derived terms". Donnanz (talk) 20:20, 1 October 2014 (UTC)

  • I have tackled this myself, putting everything under one heading (derived terms), and have removed the rfc. If anyone disagrees, they are welcome to change it. Donnanz (talk) 14:51, 2 October 2014 (UTC)
Is spatial derived from space or from Latin spatium? It's not exactly a massive issue. Renard Migrant (talk) 11:39, 3 October 2014 (UTC)
DCDuring has just done some work on this, but both space and spatial are derived from spatium apparently. Donnanz (talk) 12:46, 3 October 2014 (UTC)
Spatial was apparently coined in English as space + al, but modified to look like it could be from the imaginary Latin spatialis. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 17:23, 3 October 2014 (UTC)

Edits to single-kanji entries by (talk)[edit] (talk) has been adding def lines to the ===Kanji=== sections of single-kanji entries. In and of itself, this is generally a good thing. However, 1) they're going for comprehensive instead of summary listings, and 2) they're causing copyright violations, since (so far as I've seen) they're directly copying and pasting in content from WWWJDIC.

I'm still far too busy at work to make any concerted effort at cleaning up this mess. I would greatly appreciate any help in vetting this user's edits, especially to single-kanji entries. In particular, compare what they've added to the definitions listed at http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/cgi-bin/wwwjdic.cgi?1B and make sure they aren't just copied straight over. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 01:32, 4 October 2014 (UTC)


Derived terms: This very large section includes many vernacular names of pigeon species and subspecies and many pigeon breeds (shown as Columba livia domestica, which is not a universally accepted species AFAICT), such as the 700 or so listed at w:List of pigeon breeds. These are probably legitimate. Some of the items in the DT section seem on their face to be SoP, but may be on the list or be short names for breeds on the list. It would help if someone knowledgeable about pigeon breeding could sort through this list. I will work on the vernacular names of species in the meanwhile. DCDuring TALK 15:58, 8 October 2014 (UTC)

IMO most of the domestic pigeon breeds shouldn't be included here: pigeon isn't an integral part of the name, and a Google books search for "Arabian trumpeter pigeon", for example, turns up exactly zero hits. It would be like having bassett hound dog as a derived term under dog. Chuck Entz (talk) 01:39, 7 February 2015 (UTC)


There's a formatting problem with a quote at Ebola. --Type56op9 (talk) 10:58, 12 October 2014 (UTC)

I felt like this was gonna be a joke (requests for cleanup, Ebola) but no. They've just not used the right parameters they've formatted it as if this were Wikipedia, which pretty much never works, ever! Renard Migrant (talk) 12:38, 12 October 2014 (UTC)


Six-winged what? — Ungoliant (falai) 20:21, 13 October 2014 (UTC)

Anything that has six wings. --Ivan Štambuk (talk) 20:26, 13 October 2014 (UTC)
The current definition is ungrammatical. How about "a six-winged creature"? But are we sure this is a noun? Is this word used in the OCS corpus in any way other than to describe seraphim? Couldn't it be an adjective? —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 21:07, 13 October 2014 (UTC)
While it’s not OCS but OES, in the Lay of Igor’s Campaign we find
»Инъгварь и Всеволодъ
и вси три Мстиславичи,
не худа гнѣзда шестокрилци
which neither refers to seraphim nor can be interpreted as an adjective. That the word in OCS is similarly a noun is supported morphologically (it’s formed from an adjective plus the nominalizing suffix -ĭcĭ) and etymologically (its descendants and cognates are nouns). Vorziblix (talk) 16:36, 6 January 2015 (UTC)
In OES it is a noun. The modern Russian translation uses "six-winged eagles":
И́нгвар и Все́волод,
и все тро́е Мстисла́вичи,
не худо́го гнезда́ орлы́ шестикры́лые!
Ingvar and Vsevolod
And all three Mstislavich(es),
The six-winged (eagles) not from a poor nest!
--Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 05:20, 7 January 2015 (UTC)
Indeed, that’s what I meant (note the “neither... nor” above). Sorry I wasn’t clear. Vorziblix (talk) 08:50, 8 January 2015 (UTC)
By its ending CU "шєстокрилатьць" can't be an adjective, it's a pure noun, not a nominalised adjective. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 05:42, 7 January 2015 (UTC)
A nominalized adjective is a pure noun, if it’s formed with derivational affixes (as is the case here). Of course you are right that “шєстокрилатьць” can’t be an adjective, but it is nonetheless derived from “шєстокрилатъ” (an adjective) + “ьць” (a nominalizing derivational suffix). Vorziblix (talk) 08:50, 8 January 2015 (UTC)

developmental social anxiety and chronic social anxiety[edit]

I'm trying to make these entries according to Wikipedia's only sentence about them (which sucks). "Developmental social anxiety occurs early in childhood as a normal part of the development of social functioning and is a stage that most children grow out of, but it may persist or resurface and grow into chronic social anxiety." How can we clean this entry up and make the new chronic social anxiety? Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 03:41, 17 October 2014 (UTC)

Surely both are SOP? developmental/chronic social anxiety --Catsidhe (verba, facta) 03:44, 17 October 2014 (UTC)
I'd imagine chronic social anxiety is social anxiety of a chronic nature. Developmental social anxiety seems a lot less clear cut; Wikipedia says "[d]evelopmental social anxiety occurs early in childhood as a normal part of the development of social functioning and is a stage that most children grow out of". Is this really social anxiety that's related to development? Renard Migrant (talk) 23:14, 18 October 2014 (UTC)


A few problems, only one of them major, which is tope#Etymology 4 which is definitionless but has "common usage: isotope i.e. "same place" (e.g. in the periodic table of the elements)." Not sure this is real or the definition that comes from that etymology. Etymology 1 I assume should be split, unless the "shark" and the "To drink excessively" senses are from the same etymology. Finally the Tamil and the Sanskrit would be nice, in etymologies 2 and 3. Thanks, Renard Migrant (talk) 17:56, 26 October 2014 (UTC)

I split the first etymology and deleted the fourth. I have a hunch the shark name is related to taupe because of the gray color, but I have absolutely no sources to back me up. The Buddhist structure sense looks like it might be a doublet of its synonym, stupa, but, there again, that's a guess. The deleted sense seems to be based on the assumption that isotope must be made up of two English morphemes- even though chemistry is full of terms coined from Greek parts that have no individual meaning in English. Chuck Entz (talk) 21:42, 26 October 2014 (UTC)
I agree that the Buddhist sense is probably a doublet of stupa, especially considering the Pali form of the latter is thūpa. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 22:01, 26 October 2014 (UTC)
Looks basically done. Of course original script is always better than no original script, but I don't consider it a 'cleanup' issue. Renard Migrant (talk) 00:01, 27 October 2014 (UTC)


Just… everything (including edits from Pass a Method's previous account). I lost my patience when he created genital- and Category:English words prefixed with genital-. This user ought to be blocked indefinitely. The definitions are poor and some terms seem plain made-up. The citations that are there are not in chronological order, and their quality is also questionable: do we really need to accept citations of usage by someone who cannot even be bothered to spell "Obama" with a capital letter (2009 citation here)? Keφr 06:29, 30 October 2014 (UTC)

I've tidied a few, patrol-marked the good ones, and deleted some clear junk. Much more to do. Be especially suspicious regarding hyphens, since he never checked sources to see whether there was a hyphen in the word. (Google's snippets remove them at line endings.) Equinox 13:43, 30 October 2014 (UTC)
Usenet citations, no matter the ambient orthography, are fine as citations of words, at least words with acceptable spellings themselves. Fast typing without capitalization could be considered evidence of the near-colloquial nature the speech recorded in Usenet. DCDuring TALK 13:46, 30 October 2014 (UTC)
Not terribly relevant, but I can't think of any single-word compounds with 'genital' as the first word. Renard Migrant (talk) 15:23, 30 October 2014 (UTC)
Add User:Zigguzoo to the list... Equinox 21:20, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Does this count as sockpuppetry now? Technically he switched accounts after his block expired. Keφr 14:40, 9 November 2014 (UTC)
I want to stress the large number of bad sloppy entries and the high rate of ongoing creation. Equinox 22:17, 17 November 2014 (UTC)

November 2014[edit]

recessive (Italian)[edit]

Could someone format the templates, please? Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 15:18, 2 November 2014 (UTC)

There are thousands like this. The template is {{feminine plural of|example word|lang=it}} and I see someone's already done it. Renard Migrant (talk) 18:09, 2 November 2014 (UTC)
Isn't this what automation or semi-automation is for? Why not recruit some help at WT:GP? DCDuring TALK 19:20, 2 November 2014 (UTC)
Yes. The tricky bit is getting the bot to recognize all the different nonstandard formats. Specifically with Italian, the number of entries involved is so great that AutoWikiBrowser breaks down. Renard Migrant (talk) 12:23, 6 November 2014 (UTC)


Mostly the etymology. Keφr 07:00, 7 November 2014 (UTC)

Looks like it’s osphresis + -o- + -lagnia. — Ungoliant (falai) 07:09, 7 November 2014 (UTC)
The Greek in the etymology wasn't plausible morphologically, so I replaced it with Greek that is- I didn't really analyze it further. With any Greek-based scientific term, you're always faced with the question of whether the parts are Greek or modern-language morphemes derived from Greek. The -o- looks like it's from modern conventions for building scientific terms, but osphresis is pretty rare, so I'm not so sure someone would use it rather than just pulling the original from Ancient Greek. We also don't know the history of the term- for all we know, it could be borrowed from French like several other terms in psychology. Chuck Entz (talk) 04:47, 8 November 2014 (UTC)


Italian: feminine plural of muro. Makes no sense, muro is listed as a masculine noun with the plural muri, it says see also mura. If muro did have a feminine form, mura would be the singular and mure the plural (using the usual rules anyway). If there is such a meaning, what it is? Because we don't have it. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:42, 8 November 2014 (UTC)

It really is the feminine plural of muro. Mura is used to give the idea of “togetherness”, in the same way that collective nouns are used. But the presentation can certainly be improved. — Ungoliant (falai) 18:03, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Sounds like it could have been a direct descendant of the Latin neuter plural, except that mūrus is masculine. Does it really take feminine plural concord, e.g. Le mura sono alte? —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:10, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
It does. — Ungoliant (falai) 18:13, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Sounds like a job for a usage note and example sentences. No one is going to expect a masculine noun to have, in addition to its regular masculine plural, a feminine plural form that looks like a feminine singular. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:31, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Preferably a templatised usage note (or a definition-line template?) since there are many words like this. — Ungoliant (falai) 18:43, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Muro doesn't mention it (at least not its meaning) and mura really doesn't mention its meaning either, so of one these entries has to mention what it means. Renard Migrant (talk) 22:48, 8 November 2014 (UTC)
Bump. Renard Migrant (talk) 20:41, 26 December 2014 (UTC)

Appendix:Hepburn Chart[edit]

An IP complained about the font size on this page, which is understandable, but that's just part of what's wrong with it. The table is hard-coded html, there's no wikilinking or font support, and it's just plain ugly. Can someone de-uglify this thing? Chuck Entz (talk) 17:44, 8 November 2014 (UTC)

  • Wow, I never even knew that page existed. It's only got three incoming links: this RFC, the index to appendices, and the English term entry Romanization.
@Atitarev, Haplology, TAKASUGI Shinji, Wyang is there any value in having this table? It isn't referenced, it's poorly laid out and hard to read, and it doesn't cover all of the modified-Hepburn romanization conventions we use here. Nominate for deletion? ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 09:12, 9 November 2014 (UTC)
I don't mind if it goes, not a great table but we should probably have a better appendix for kana, if there isn't one already. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 11:43, 9 November 2014 (UTC)
If we need an appendix for kana, we should rather rewrite the existing appendix than delete it. — TAKASUGI Shinji (talk) 07:54, 10 November 2014 (UTC)
I agree but I won't be able to do it well. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 21:13, 10 November 2014 (UTC)
  • We already have Wiktionary:About_Japanese/Transliteration as a text-based (as opposed to tabular) explanation of how we romanize Japanese terms here on the EN WT. That page has better potential visibility (with a link to it right on the WT:AJA page) and is more comprehensive in its treatment of modified Hepburn. It could probably use updating, granted, but it's a much better resource and better location than the nearly-orphaned Appendix:Hepburn Chart page.
If there's anything worthy of salvaging from the Appendix:Hepburn Chart page, I propose that we move that salvageable content over to Wiktionary:About_Japanese/Transliteration and then delete Appendix:Hepburn Chart. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 23:28, 10 November 2014 (UTC)
@Eirikr It's not just about salvaging what's missing. Tables are easier to view and use, provided it's done well. Wiktionary:About Japanese/Transliteration doesn't seem complete and easy to read. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 23:45, 10 November 2014 (UTC)
  • Sorry, apparently I wasn't clear -- To restate, I think the Appendix:Hepburn Chart page is a horrible location for any of this information. It's not linked from anywhere, it's not highly visible, and I doubt many people even knew it existed before it showed up on this page. (I certainly didn't.) The content could be absolutely golden, and a perfect explanation of the wonders of the universe -- but if it's hidden away in a page location that is obscure and unfindable, there's no value.
If you like the table format, great -- let's move that content to Wiktionary:About_Japanese/Transliteration. I happen to agree that the table layout is more easily digestible. However, the Appendix:Hepburn Chart page is not the best place for this. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 00:51, 11 November 2014 (UTC)
@Eirikr, Haplology, TAKASUGI Shinji, Wyang. Yes, sure. The first step is to move the table, then reformat. I had no objections about the location. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 00:58, 11 November 2014 (UTC)

Edits by IP socks of Fête/Phung Wilson[edit]

Both of these globally-blocked accounts belonged to the same person, who lives in Quebec and has a pattern of bad edits and incessant asking of questions regarding pronunciation. Since then, he's popped up as one IP or another to ask pronunciation questions. I haven't blocked him so far, because he seemed to be just asking questions. I finally blocked his latest IP after he edited a pronunciation module, and checking contributions has turned up a number of pronunciation edits. Here's a list of the IP's I've been able to find using wildcarding from edits I knew about (there are probably more that I've missed):

There are also lots of edits by the original Fête and Phung Wilson accounts that don't seem to have been thoroughly vetted- it's hard to find Quebecois French pronunciation sections that haven't been at least tinkered with. I noticed an odd, rambling pronunciation note at mayonnaise, and, sure enough, it was added by Fête. If it weren't for the IP's request for audio bringing it to Mr. Granger's attention, it would still be there in its original form.

I would appreciate someone who knows pronunciation going through the mainspace contributions of the above and checking for bad edits. Thanks! Chuck Entz (talk) 04:01, 9 November 2014 (UTC)


I haven't tagged this, it's just a question of what order Old English goes in. Should it be at the top like contemporary English, or be moved further south, under O, like Old Norse etc.? I have never dealt with Old English before. Donnanz (talk) 14:01, 12 November 2014 (UTC)

I moved it to the correct position: it goes in with all the other non-English laguages. For future reference, you can look at other entries via Category:Old English lemmas and see what the common practice is for the language. Also, check WT:AANG. That way, if you're wrong, you're at least in good company... Chuck Entz (talk) 14:41, 12 November 2014 (UTC)
Cheers. I will remember that, if I come across a similar situation. Donnanz (talk) 14:53, 12 November 2014 (UTC)


"Process of hearing something that is contrary to what the receiver thought that they heard." Renard Migrant (talk) 21:59, 15 November 2014 (UTC)

I don't think that's a terrible definition. I've added an etymology, though I have to say that I've never encountered this word myself. Equinox 23:03, 15 November 2014 (UTC)
Oh, wait, I see what you mean: it's actually contrary to what the speaker said. Will try to fix. Equinox 23:04, 15 November 2014 (UTC)
Any difference between this and mishearing? —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 13:57, 16 November 2014 (UTC)
Good spot, let's just put "A mishearing". Renard Migrant (talk) 14:24, 16 November 2014 (UTC)


Adjective meaning "(grammar) Qualified". I can't see which sense of qualified or qualify applies, certainly none of them are marked (grammar). Could we just use a definition consisting of more than one word, perhaps? Renard Migrant (talk) 13:33, 16 November 2014 (UTC)

Old Red Sandstone[edit]

Odd capitalisation, possibly vague definition. Potentially a proper noun. --Type56op9 (talk) 10:02, 19 November 2014 (UTC)

Geological formations have "official" proper nouns (eg, Oxfordian, Hettangian, Stage 10 of the Cambrian), that fit into a hierarchical scheme, and recognized synonyms of similar morphology. But there are also numerous older and 'local' names of different morphology, of which this is apparently one. There seems to be a process by which such formations are rendered into synonyms of the official names that is similar to that for species and genera in the taxonomy of life.
Thus it seems to be just as much a proper noun as typical taxa and toponyms are. I have formatted, wikilinked, and illustrated it. DCDuring TALK 15:24, 19 November 2014 (UTC)
See stratigraphy.org to find the International Chronostratigrahic Chart (official names), the GeoWhen Database (official names and others), and the Stratigraphic Guide which defines terms. DCDuring TALK 15:39, 19 November 2014 (UTC)

people-first language[edit]

Lots of formating problems. --Type56op9 (talk) 10:04, 19 November 2014 (UTC)

Better? —Internoob 02:32, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
The first sentence is not clear. The second sentence is not worded as a definition.
The entry could use {{examples-right}} to enclose contrasting examples of "people-first language" and the other kind. DCDuring TALK 14:24, 24 April 2015 (UTC)


Various formatting problems. --Type56op9 (talk) 10:19, 19 November 2014 (UTC)

Failed RFV. —Internoob 02:52, 24 April 2015 (UTC)

deviere, a Romanian entry[edit]

I made this entry but was confused when making the declension table. I tried using Template:ro-noun-f, but it just didn't seem right. Compare my entry to the actual entry's declension template on the Romanian Wiktionary, and you'll see what I mean. Where are the dative cases, genitive, vocative, where is all that on this table? I don't understand. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 21:01, 23 November 2014 (UTC)

That's an awfully good question. An even better one in my opinion, what the Hell is {{ro-noun-f}} for if it's not suitable for Romanian feminine nouns? Renard Migrant (talk) 17:55, 24 November 2014 (UTC)
If you look to the left-hand side of the table, you should see nominative/accusative and genitive/dative. The way the articulation forms are laid out is much clearer to a nonnative speaker. —Stephen (Talk) 10:27, 26 November 2014 (UTC)


  1. Is there any reason why this should have the plural as lemma? The singular is attested;
  2. the second definition needs rewording. It’s not “the relationship [] ” but “people having the relationship [] ” (I can’t think of a way of doing it elegantly);
  3. looking at google books:"co-parent-in-law"|"co-parents-in-law", it seems the most common use is in translating languages that have a single word for this. Is this worth mentioning in the usage notes? Or maybe a context label like chiefly anthropology and linguistics.

Ungoliant (falai) 22:05, 30 November 2014 (UTC)

  1. Not AFAICT.
  2. It does.
  3. Both usage notes and context label may be warranted, as they indicate different aspects of usage. DCDuring TALK 14:28, 24 April 2015 (UTC)

December 2014[edit]


At present showing as both American and British English forms, which is ridiculous. Br. Eng. forms should be removed at least. Donnanz (talk) 18:44, 1 December 2014 (UTC)

The Oxford spelling uses -ize. — Ungoliant (falai) 18:50, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
Yes, I'm only too aware of that, can the entry be neutralised then, as neither one nor the other? Donnanz (talk) 18:58, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
It says American and Oxford, which is accurate. If we neutralized it, it would just say "alternative form of anonymise", which is less informative. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 19:56, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
Maybe I didn't explain myself very well. I would like to get rid of the links to American English forms and British English forms as they are superfluous; it would need to be rewritten to accomplish that. Donnanz (talk) 20:19, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
I don't think they are superfluous, as they indicate two varieties of English in which the -ize spelling is standard: (1) American English, (2) Oxford spelling of British English. To this could be added Canadian English. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 21:22, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
In that case, a good percentage of the dictionary should be treated the same way; I think that idea is rather daft though, and a non-starter. Donnanz (talk) 21:46, 1 December 2014 (UTC)
I've always wanted to 'lemmatize' -ize spellings as it's just simpler and pretty accurate too. Renard Migrant (talk) 23:13, 2 December 2014 (UTC)
I regard the categorisation of -ise spellings as British English forms as much more important, and that task is nowhere near finished. Donnanz (talk) 09:33, 3 December 2014 (UTC)
Amusingly, although the OED have the "z" spelling in their heading, all seven of their cites use the "s" spelling that is now standard in British English. It's time that we found a way to have one set of definitions shown in both entries, but the only suggestion has been to have the set of definitions in template space. Dbfirs 10:19, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
It's always been standard, Oxford just prefers -z- spellings. Renard Migrant (talk) 12:09, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
Much to my disgust, but Oxford seem to be unshakeable. -ise spellings are standard in NZ too. Donnanz (talk) 12:17, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
  • @Dbfirs I could be wrong, but I think transclusion is the only halfway-graceful way of resolving many of the UK/US entry-synchroni[s|z]ation issues: put the entry content in one place, and use {{PAGENAME}} to grab the headword from the transcluding page to make sure the correct spelling shows up for the viewer.
I dimly remember discussing a similar idea years ago, but that was before Lua was rolled out, and the general consensus was that the technical difficulties made this approach infeasible. Now that we have Lua and proper string processing, I think we should probably revisit this issue and evaluate our options.
I'll start a thread (if there isn't one already) over at WT:GP. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 19:06, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
Arrowred.png Thread created here. ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 20:11, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
  • I note that the RFC has been removed from the entry, and the entry is fine now as far as I'm concerned. Donnanz (talk) 12:41, 30 January 2015 (UTC)


Per Romanophile. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 05:11, 13 December 2014 (UTC)

I inserted the correct conjugation. This should be O.K. now. --Romanophile (talk) 05:16, 13 December 2014 (UTC)


Self explanatory. Doesn't make sense because of grammatical errors. Rædi Stædi Yæti {-skriv til mig-} 04:56, 15 December 2014 (UTC)

I just deleted the second line. Renard Migrant (talk) 15:05, 24 December 2014 (UTC)


The second and third definitions look like they should be moved to a (proper?) noun section. — Ungoliant (falai) 12:34, 23 December 2014 (UTC)

I've seen {{context|substantive}} in Serbo-Croatian adjectives before. I have no expertise to say why. Renard Migrant (talk) 15:20, 23 December 2014 (UTC)
I would absolutely not change it without good knowledge of the language. Renard Migrant (talk) 15:04, 24 December 2014 (UTC)

Contributions of User:Amateur55[edit]

This person seems to be fairly knowledgeable about several Cyrillic-based languages, but they've been changing transliteration modules and transliteration pages right and left. I would appreciate it if someone who knows something about said languages (@Atitarev? @Stephen G. Brown? @Borovi4ok?) checked to see if I was correct in reverting some of their edits and checked to see if I missed any that should have been reverted. Chuck Entz (talk) 05:12, 24 December 2014 (UTC)

I think you were right in reverting the changes. Any changes can be discussed here. They are numerous and affect various languages. With some languages it's a matter of choice and convention, like e.g. Bashkir. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 07:06, 24 December 2014 (UTC)
Let me explain the changes I made before your rollbacks:
  • The Kazakh transliteration module is horribly wrongly implemented. Among other things, it romanizes both "Ы" and "І" as "I" while the latter should have been "İ" as can be seen in the Wikipedia article about the Kazakh alphabets and the Latin version of the Kazakh news agency website itself. That module also lacks a transliteration of the Kazakh letter Һ. Similarly, all the other changes I made on that module follow the national KazInform system, and thus I'm restoring my changes concerning Kazakh.
  • The Kyrgyz transliteration module itself is fine, but in this case, it's the page WT:KY TR that lacks critical information, namely the fact that the Cyrillic letter И should be romanized İ and not I. I don't see anything wrong with restoring this simple change either.
  • My other changes can be subject of some discussion so I'm not restoring them until there's a consensus, but here's my reasoning for them:
    • The Tuvan alphabet is identical to the one of Kyrgyz, and the only difference in the sound values of the letters is the fact that Ж represents a fricative rather than an affricate, hence the use of J instead of C. Being related languages, it only makes sense that they are romanized using similar systems.
    • The Bashkir language is closely related to the Tatar language to the point they are considered dialects of one language by some linguists. Again, it would make more sense to romanize these two languages using similar systems rather than one following a Turkic and the other following a Slavic convention. – Amateur55 (talk) 22:50, 24 December 2014 (UTC)
Such big changes, even if 'correct' (transliteration is an art not a science after all) must be discussed on WT:BP before implementing. These are straightforward rollbacks as there is no other option. Renard Migrant (talk) 23:54, 24 December 2014 (UTC)
@Amateur55 The changes to Kazakh and Kyrgyz transliterations are OK, still you're doing it unilaterally. Bashkir and Tatar transliterations need to be discussed. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 00:00, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
@Atitarev It would be nice if you (or someone else familiar with the procedure) start a discussion at the appropriate place since I'm not sure where/how to do it. – Amateur55 (talk) 01:27, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
@Amateur55 Your Kazakh and Kyrgyz changes seem like minor fixes, which make sense to me (not sure about others). Yes, Bashkir is close to Tatar and they are mutually comprehensible but Bashkir has specific letters and sounds, such as ҙ /ð/ and ҫ /θ/. It doesn't make sense to use ź and ś to transliterate them. Also, Tatar only has /к/ (k or q) but Bashkir has two letters к (k) and ҡ (q) and cognates don't match in spellings. Transliterations of these languages have been around for many years, so please respect the editors involved. You can suggest changes in Wiktionary:Beer_parlour/2014/December (or a page with a corresponding month). --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 04:24, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
@Atitarev Most Bashkir words with /ð/ and /θ/ are cognates with words having /s/ and /z/ in the same position in Tatar and other Turkic languages. Transliterating these phonemes as ś and ź is a common convention among Turkologists.
I don't see how the spelling of cognates regarding ⟨q⟩ and ⟨k⟩ don't match. They definitely do. – Amateur55 (talk) 04:57, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
I see some problem with viewing all Turkic languages from the Turkish perspective. E.g. Tatar verb lemmas are represented differently from Russian Tatar linguists, Tatar (also Kazakh and Kyrgyz) appear in Roman letters in Turkish dictionaries, when speakers of these languages officially and mainly use Cyrillic. ś and ź represent /ɕ/ and /ʑ/ in Polish and may represent /sʲ/ and /zʲ/ in some romanised Belarusian (łacinka). Bashkir usually use ҡ when Tatar uses к, that's where a mismatch is. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 05:09, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
@Amateur55, are your transliteration schemes documented somewhere? In my opinion, we should use the Turkological convention, if it is documented in some serious published source. --Vahag (talk) 07:41, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
@Vahagn Petrosyan I don't know whether these count as serious published sources but, though both differ slightly in some other letters from the version I posted, both of the sources below use Ś and Ź for transliterating Ҫ and Ҙ.
The second table references the BGN/PCGN 2007 Agreement. It is a serious source. And it uses scientific transliteration, unusual for BGN/PCGN. I think we should switch to it. --Vahag (talk) 08:30, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
That system is generally fine but it has some of its own peculiarities, like the transliteration of ы as i (I think this might be an error, actually) and ә as ә. – Amateur55 (talk) 08:49, 25 December 2014 (UTC)
So you want a Wiktionary-specific mixture of established systems? I don't like that, but we have precedents: WT:RU TR. --Vahag (talk) 09:43, 25 December 2014 (UTC)


The POS is adjective but it’s defined as an adverb. Which is it? — Ungoliant (falai) 15:39, 28 December 2014 (UTC)

It seems to be an adjective, since it always modifies nouns (or pronouns). See a- Etymology 2, though: it's basically a form of the verb. "The horns are ablare" is equivalent to "the horns are blaring", which is mostly equivalent to "the horns blare". I suppose you could say an a- word is describing the noun modified as being in the state of doing (or being, in the case of stative verbs) what the prefixed verb indicates. The confusion between adverb and adjective isn't limited to this word: ablaze has both an adjective and an adverb section, which doesn't seem to me to be correct. Chuck Entz (talk) 16:47, 28 December 2014 (UTC)
I'd prefer adverb as I feel like adverbs can occasionally qualify the verb 'to be'. Renard Migrant (talk) 15:01, 3 January 2015 (UTC)

January 2015[edit]


An IP just removed some of the more bizarre wording in this entry, but it still uses an obsolete English word in the definition, and could use some attention from a fluent speaker in general, given the emotionally-charged subject matter.

As "schänden" and "(to) shend" are related and as "schänden" literally means "(to) shend", I guess "shend" resp. "(literally) a person who [...] shends children" should be mentioned. As the word is also explained as "a child abuser", I can't see any problem. -IP, 19:52, 3 January 2015 (UTC)
Shend has three meanings and I don't know which the entry Kinderschänder is referring to. Replace with a common English word; is this a 'child blamer' (sense #2 of shend)? Renard Migrant (talk) 19:54, 3 January 2015 (UTC)
A Kinderschänder is simply a child molester. There is no reason whatsoever to use an obsolete English word just because it's cognate with the German word. That's silly. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 21:09, 3 January 2015 (UTC)
I've cleaned it up now, but it's raised some questions I'm going to bring up at RFV and the Tea room. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 21:15, 3 January 2015 (UTC)
Thank you! You've addressed my concerns, and the remaining issue will be dealt with at rfv independently, so I'm going to close out this request. As far as I'm concerned, this is Done. Chuck Entz (talk) 21:33, 3 January 2015 (UTC)

As there are "Grabschänder" (grave desecrator) and "Leichenschänder" (necrophiliac, desecrator of a corpse or of corpses) and as "schän­den" can at least mean "1. to put shame on someone; 2. to desecrate, profane; 3. to sexually abuse someone" the etymology part with "Schänder (“molester”)" it doesn't seem to be better now. Even if it's nowadays simply "Kinderschänder = someone who sexually abuses children = child abuser, child moster, child rapist", historically it could have (also) meant "Kinderschänder = someone who puts shame on children (by sexually abusing them) = child shender" or "Kinderschänder = someone who profanes children, someone who soils the the purity of children, someone who takes the innocence (which can also mean: virginity) of children". For today's meaning it's irrelevant, but for etymology it isn't. Therefore the "molester" part in the etymology should be accompanied by some other nouns or shouldn't be "translated" at all (as all those information should be in the entries Schänder or schänden). - 23:52, 3 January 2015 (UTC)

We don't have an entry at Schänden, but when we do, the word shend should only be mentioned in the etymology as a cognate- not used in the definition. It doesn't matter how close it is in range of meaning to schänden, it's not part of English as it's spoken today- you might as well use Latin or Chinese. As far as the choice of molester to gloss Schänder, that's a bit more iffy. In modern English, the more innocuous meanings of molest have fallen out of use because of their association with child molester, so that one could argue that "molest" is a term for "sexual abuse" in current-day English, but that's not an open-and-shut case. Chuck Entz (talk) 01:05, 4 January 2015 (UTC)
In the context of the word Kinderschänder, Schänder means "molester". In other contexts, it has other meanings, but this entry isn't about other contexts. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 13:22, 4 January 2015 (UTC)


There is too little information about ve- in the article. There are two ve- prefixes. One is a negative prefix as in vecors and vesanus, the other is an intensifier as in vescor (don't confuse) and vescus. Maybe contracted from valde... All this from here. May have more insight in the many words starting with ve too. Or find another source of explanation. Doesn't seem too overly hard to convert the bit of information to Wiktionary format if you are used... :) Thank you. —This unsigned comment was added by 2001:8A0:431D:6501:54FC:304E:90FD:9823 (talk) at 22:13, 3 January 2015 (UTC).

Yes check.svg Done Thank you JohnC5 for fulfilling this request of mine. 2001:8A0:4331:F501:24AE:3187:53E2:B473 20:23, 23 February 2015 (UTC)


The definition:

  1. A group of suctorial infusoria, which in the adult stage are stationary.

This apparently meant something a century ago, but I don't know enough to recognize anything modern among the few Google Books hits.

As far as I can tell, "suctorial infusoria" was once one of the principal divisions of microorganism taxonomy, but the way we classify things has changed so much that it might as well be "frammistatic thingamajeebers".

Can someone with more knowledge of biology make some sense out of this cryptic relic of Webster 1913? Chuck Entz (talk) 04:33, 4 January 2015 (UTC)

(I've moved it to the capitalised form per Google Books search, and changed from noun to proper noun. Perhaps it should be Translingual rather than English.) Equinox 10:01, 4 January 2015 (UTC)
It does seem to be Translingual. It seems to have been used by Haeckel. It is probably obsolete. I will attempt some further research on it. DCDuring TALK 16:02, 4 January 2015 (UTC)
Acinetae in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911 and Infusoria in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911 indicate that these are from an area that was "unsettled" at that time. It would be interesting to try to link it to modern classifications, but they are also unsettled. In any event, above my paygrade. DCDuring TALK 16:21, 4 January 2015 (UTC)
  • I'm pretty sure this is just what it looks like — an obsolete term for the Suctoria, which were once classed as infusoria. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 15:14, 7 January 2015 (UTC)
Yep, that looks like it. I figured it might be pretty simple for someone who knew the right way to look at it. I suppose I would have eventually figured it out, but only after wasting a lot of time getting up to speed. Thanks! Chuck Entz (talk) 01:52, 8 January 2015 (UTC)
Century 1911 is a pretty good source for 19th century taxonomic names, sometimes giving multiple definitions, if there was disagreement. Merriam-Webster's 2nd International (c. 1935) can help too. MW 1913 is not as good as either of the preceding, AFAICT. I suppose we do more service by defining, even crudely, the older supergeneric names than trying to track the latest accepted names, which others do better than we can. What are other good sources for older supergeneric names? DCDuring TALK 04:54, 8 January 2015 (UTC)

Category:English proper adjectives[edit]

Since there was no consensus to delete this category, would anyone like to help fill it up? "Proper adjective" is not a formally-defined part of speech, so you can potentially add any adjective you like; the category currently contains a small handful of the many adjectives derived from personal or place-names that we have entries for, so you could start by adding more of those. - -sche (discuss) 04:26, 12 January 2015 (UTC)

We have a pretty unambiguous definition of proper adjective. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:54, 12 January 2015 (UTC)

Request to transfer a page from Wikipedia[edit]

Since I am not qualified to do so, could someone please transfer this page/word to the wiktionary? Ineuw (talk) 22:42, 12 January 2015 (UTC)

Yes check.svg Done We already had an entry. I've added the sole reference from your article. Equinox 22:47, 12 January 2015 (UTC)


These pretty much all need checking. Poor quality English and inaccuracies. Some relatively minor, using ===Idiom=== header where ===Verb=== and {{context|idiomatic|lang=en}} would be standard practice. Renard Migrant (talk) 23:36, 13 January 2015 (UTC)

Agree. I've tried to fix some of his/her previous creations. In particular (aside from some silly SoPs) I'm concerned that he/she is creating everyday phrases with the wrong definition. Equinox 00:57, 14 January 2015 (UTC)
keep your head above water, doesn't mean that, does it? I thought it meant to survive (because if you don't keep your head above water, you drown). Current definition says 'be vigilant'. Renard Migrant (talk) 12:03, 14 January 2015 (UTC)
slow your roll. Renard Migrant (talk) 12:06, 14 January 2015 (UTC)
Seems to be redundant to keep one's head above water. Smurrayinchester (talk) 12:34, 14 January 2015 (UTC)
This user is still doing what Equinox described above. - -sche (discuss) 06:35, 8 February 2015 (UTC)


(Turkish) Etymology 1 and etymology 2 are exactly the same. — Ungoliant (falai) 14:22, 15 January 2015 (UTC)

Or at least the spellings are identical. Perhaps there are two different Old Turkic nouns 'bod' and two different Proto-Turkic nouns 'bod' too. Renard Migrant (talk) 17:18, 15 January 2015 (UTC)
I suspect they copied the text from the first etymology and forgot to change it. — Ungoliant (falai) 19:17, 15 January 2015 (UTC)
You're right that's more likely. Renard Migrant (talk) 21:03, 15 January 2015 (UTC)


Apparently a good entry (Gaffiot, Latin-French dictionary) but the formatting is terrible. Also 'evil-smelling', do we need to rfv that? Or just alter the definition, not delete it? Gaffiot says 'that smells bad' and 'which has an odor'. Renard Migrant (talk) 21:01, 15 January 2015 (UTC)

L&S agrees with Gaffiot. Does that look better? --Catsidhe (verba, facta) 21:24, 15 January 2015 (UTC)
It's the declension table I didn't know how to do, so yes. Renard Migrant (talk) 22:56, 15 January 2015 (UTC)

track record[edit]

Sense 2: The wording is strange to say the least, a bit like gobbledegook. Donnanz (talk) 11:27, 30 January 2015 (UTC)

To me that seems a lot like Used other than as an idiom: see track,‎ record. in the context of horse racing, ie, SoP. It would be just like course record, league record, conference record,etc. DCDuring TALK 12:40, 30 January 2015 (UTC)
That's a fairly drastic solution, but I must admit I was only looking for the idiomatic sense. Donnanz (talk) 12:33, 31 January 2015 (UTC)


Something just seems off about the definitions and their wording —umbreon126 00:27, 31 January 2015 (UTC)

I can't find anything in Chinese dictionaries. The definitions fit more the Japanese entry, including "this book". @Wyang, could you weigh in, please? --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 01:39, 3 February 2015 (UTC)

February 2015[edit]


Tagged quite a while ago, but not listed, with the summary "are all of these compounds really of the verb sense specifically? or should they be moved to the character section?" - -sche (discuss) 23:04, 5 February 2015 (UTC)

They are in the right place. All these derivations are Chinese, not Japanese or Korean (although some terms may match these languages). What is character section, anyway? Translingual section is for character info - stroke orders, etc., not for words in a language. Cleaned up a bit, removed tag. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 23:16, 5 February 2015 (UTC)
Thanks. - -sche (discuss) 23:32, 5 February 2015 (UTC)


Apart from the fact that I'm not convinced /ækˈsɛs.ə.ɹi/ and /ækˈsɛ.sə.ɹi/ are distinct in any but the most pedantic of speech, this needs some sort of marking for region/accent, and I don't understand why the pronunciations are grouped apparently arbitrarily. Smurrayinchester (talk) 09:56, 6 February 2015 (UTC)

I agree. Having every possible pronunciation just looks silly. I could add a few more to make the list look even sillier, but I'd prefer to clean it up, showing just the main variants. The OED says "Brit. /əkˈsɛs(ə)ri/ , /akˈsɛs(ə)ri/ , U.S. /əkˈsɛs(ə)ri/ , /ækˈsɛs(ə)ri/". Dbfirs 20:51, 6 February 2015 (UTC)
Yes check.svg DoneAɴɢʀ (talk) 21:01, 6 February 2015 (UTC)
Thank you both! Smurrayinchester (talk) 13:59, 11 February 2015 (UTC)


I think that the fifth definition of the verb twitter (" To use the microblogging service Twitter.") should be moved to Twitter and twitter should be an alternative spelling of Twitter. In addition, the Twitter entry probably needs a definition as a proper noun ("An online social networking service founded in 2006."). What do you think? Einstein2 (talk) 16:50, 6 February 2015 (UTC)

Proper noun: yes, perhaps. I don't generally like adding brands/trademarks/IP but I suppose Twitter has become a sufficiently significant thing to merit an entry by now, i.e. it's often mentioned in newspapers etc. out of context, without explaining what it is. Verb: really an RFV matter, dependent on how we find the word used in practice. Equinox 22:45, 24 February 2015 (UTC)





Alternative spellings / synonyms of Palestinian. Who uses these? Are they general-usage alternative spellings, or restricted to Arab/Muslim use? Are the "people of Canaan" identified in sense 2 of Philistinian the same as the Philistines? - -sche (discuss) 19:40, 6 February 2015 (UTC)

All Pass-a-Method junk entries. These should be all rfved, and I'm confident they would all fail, except for Philistinian, which is an adjective referring to Philistines, not a noun referring to Palestinians. Falestinian has exactly one Google Books hit that's not a scanno of Palestinian, and two of the three Google Groups hits refer to the same post that uses the phrase "Falestinian beoble". Filastinian has three cites, of which two are invalid. Chuck Entz (talk) 21:15, 6 February 2015 (UTC)
I've removed the dubious "Palestinian" sense from "Philistinian". - -sche (discuss) 02:31, 22 March 2015 (UTC)
"Falestinian" looks OK now. - -sche (discuss) 02:36, 22 March 2015 (UTC)
I've RFVed "Filastini" and "Filastinian". - -sche (discuss) 02:39, 22 March 2015 (UTC)


The original entry was for an Albanian given name, then it was changed into an English misspelling of Afërdita. Should we be listing stuff as misspellings of words in other languages? Should we consider an English word a misspelling when it lacks a diacritic? — Ungoliant (falai) 03:59, 9 February 2015 (UTC)

Misspelling or no, I'd RFV whether this word is used in English at all. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 10:59, 9 February 2015 (UTC)
The name is used in running English text in books, apparently with and without diacritics. I think there's a rebuttable presumption that any proper noun from any language used in a personal name is used in English, at least in a Romanized spelling without diacritics.
But it seems pedantic to limit proper names, of persons at least, to a language rather than, say, a script (or script variant, as Roman-without-any-diacritics). Perhaps when we have something based on verifiable facts to say about pronunciation by those of different native languages, the pronunciations would justify multiple L2 sections.
  1. Is it defensible at Wiktionary to be implicitly prescriptive by only showing an Albanian pronunciation or Albanian orthography of this name?
  2. Would we want L2 sections in, say, Serbian, Macedonian, Greek, and Italian for Afërdita, assuming we had verifiable evidence of how the Albanian name is pronounced by such speakers?
  3. Why don't we at least have an Albanian pronunciation in the Albanian entry? DCDuring TALK 13:42, 9 February 2015 (UTC)

lager (Danish)[edit]

Etymology 2: The definite plural should be spelt lagerne, not lagerene, so the two entries involved need replacing. Donnanz (talk) 21:27, 11 February 2015 (UTC)

The template should read "da-noun-infl|en|e|ne", but the offending entries still need deletion. Donnanz (talk) 21:51, 11 February 2015 (UTC)
Just to be clear, which are the "offending entries"? lagerene and lagrene? Smurrayinchester (talk) 09:15, 25 February 2015 (UTC)
lagerene and lagerenes. I have changed the template. Donnanz (talk) 15:55, 9 April 2015 (UTC)

bestille (Danish)[edit]

The past tense has been entered wrong, and the inflection entry needs replacement - bestillede should be bestilte. “bestille” in Den Danske Ordbog. Donnanz (talk) 17:28, 13 February 2015 (UTC)


Apparent reason: "This page has an acronym". I have no idea why this is a cleanup reason. It's not even true, the page doesn't have an acronym, it's a page for an acronym. Suggest immediate de-tagging. 18:24, 24 February 2015 (UTC)

  • I don't see anything obvious to clean up either. The RFC tag (or rather, it's predecessor cleanup tag) was added in December 2010, so it's been a while. Lo Ximiendo, it looks like you were the one to tag the entry -- does it look okay now? Is there anything more about the entry that needs cleaning up? ‑‑ Eiríkr Útlendi │ Tala við mig 18:36, 24 February 2015 (UTC)

March 2015[edit]



Template:list:religious texts/en

Maybe a good idea in principal, but these have been transformed by Pass a Method into lame POV cruft: their theory seems to be that no religion should be mentioned unless all the religions are mentioned. The problem, of course, is that there are lots and lots of religions, mythologies, pantheons, etc., and many of them are virtually unknown, so lists like this tend to be hit-and-miss, and give undue weight to trivia.

Add to that the fact that PAM has very poor judgment, and seems to be randomly adding anything they run into as a religion without really thinking through whether it actually is a religion. Some of the "religions" are being rfved at the moment, and I suspect that there are some secular philosophies and ethical systems mixed in, too. I included the religious texts, as well, even though they do seem to be all real religious texts, because I have my doubts as to how representative the list is. Chuck Entz (talk) 17:02, 1 March 2015 (UTC)

The majority of the entries correspond with a list of what the UK governemnt regards as religion. The UK government's statistics can't be that erroneous can they? Check out the Uk governemnt census here. 09:05, 2 March 2015 (UTC)
That's not the list of official UK religions, that's the list of (statistically significant) write-in entries on the census (note that all major UK religions - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism - are absent from that list). The government doesn't regard Jedi or Heavy Metal as religions, it just noted that it received a large number of these as write-ins. The actual census question used "No religion, Christian (all denominations), Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, Any other religion (write in)" - which is not to say that those are more official than other religions in the UK, but just that those were the most statistically useful to list (for instance, paganism is roughly as common as Judaism or Sikhism in the UK, but wasn't included because it covered too many different traditions). You can read a very detailed analysis of the technical details of creating a useful but not over-comprehensive list of religions by the Office of National Statistics here, which might give some pointers for creating more useful versions of these templates. Smurrayinchester (talk) 09:36, 9 March 2015 (UTC)
I suggest either turning the template into a list of only the ten or so biggest religions, or deleting it and directing users to the category instead. — Ungoliant (falai) 12:29, 9 March 2015 (UTC)


"Sensu lato" definition. Could someone clarify which type of words are nouns in sensu lato but not in sensu stricto? Do they include e.g. pronouns and numerals? Do all adjectives count, as I understand from the Hyponyms-section that "noun adjective" is used here as a synonym to "adjective". I bet the current definition is Gibberish for most English speakers and not only for a poor Finn like me. --Hekaheka (talk) 06:31, 2 March 2015 (UTC)

I think what needs cleaning up is Special:Contributions/
He is probably getting toward the distinction between noun and nominal. But, in English (evidently not the anon's language) I don't think many use noun when they mean nominal. DCDuring TALK 11:03, 4 March 2015 (UTC)
Do you mean that the second sense should be deleted or possibly brought to rfv or even rfd? --Hekaheka (talk) 21:55, 5 March 2015 (UTC)
English noun (s.l.) does mean "[noun] substantive or [noun] adjective". Maybe it also means declinable part of speech, but I've never encountered such usage.
Also when noun (s.l.) needs a cleanup, so does noun (s.s.): "A word that can be used to refer to a person, animal, place, thing, phenomenon, substance, quality, or idea; [...]" - pronouns can be used to refer to persons, animals etc. too: the human went - he went, the dog barked - it barked.
- 17:43, 28 May 2015 (UTC)
I believe Special:Contributions/ primarily speaks German as this user has been making odd lists like these using several different IPs. The OED says that noun’s use to mean adjective is rare and gives only three 17th C. sources. If by "sensu lato", the user means a noun or the attributive use of a noun, I have never heard such a usage in all my days of linguistics. There is a term noun adjective, which means a noun used as an appositive, but again, I have never encountered it. I believe that these s.l. and s.s. distinctions should be removed in all entries pertaining to English nouns, and that the terms sensu stricto/lato should either be added to {{label}} or replaced with broadly and narrowly.
Also Special:Contributions/, please make an account. It will make things much easier for everyone. —JohnC5 05:07, 29 May 2015 (UTC)
  • Regarding that list (though it's not the topic here): One could list all those terms (and many other terms with -wort) alphabetically, but I doubt that it's (more) overseeable and (more) user-friendly and not (more) confusing. Maybe there could be a German wikisaurus, but I don't know if that's 'allowed' here...
  • Well, what you believe is something different than what it is. "noun adjective" means the same as "adjective", while "noun substantive" and "substantive" mean the same as "noun (s.s.)". (Or at least "also" mean, as others might have used or more likely misused these term to mean something different.)
  • Labels could be added, and one might changed it to other English terms (like broadly & narrowly or senso lato & senso stricto instead of sensu lato/stricto), but that doesn't really change anything.
- 07:58, 29 May 2015 (UTC)
Let's not get into a snark competition here. I fully accept that this distinction (noun & adjective vs. noun) used to exist, as seen in the third paragraph of Wikipedia's noun article, though nominal is now preferred in English linguistics. I would be fine if a word such as rare, obsolete, or antiquated was put in front of the s.s. definition. —JohnC5 08:49, 29 May 2015 (UTC)
Well, it might be rare nowaydays, but is still sometimes used, e.g. in translations of Latin texts, where nomen means noun (s.l.), and in reprints of older books (if that counts, like the exemple with the addition "First Indian Edition"). Also the sensu lato and sensu stricto where change to other (English) words, namely narrow sense and broad sense (or should it be "in the narrow/broad sense?). Better? - 09:43, 29 May 2015 (UTC)
That's much better. Sorry for the fuss. I'm not sure, however, that I understand what "a word that modifies an aforementioned word or describes an aforementioned word’s referent" is supposed to mean. Does this mean "apposition"? Why is it modifying a previous word? If this means "adjective," it could be clearer. —JohnC5 09:51, 29 May 2015 (UTC)
Well, it originally was this: "A name of a thing. Either a noun substantive, which can stand alone and does not require another word to be joined with it to show its signification, or a noun adjective, which can not stand by itself, but requires to be joined with some other word, in order to make sense.". Which was pretty much a rewording from an old book.
Then it was a copy from adjective (replacing "noun" by "aforenamed word") and noun (s.s.). IMHO already noun (s.s.) isn't explained in a good way (by the definition given one might include pronouns). Thus the explanation of noun (s.l.) can't be good either. - 10:51, 29 May 2015 (UTC)

fire company[edit]

The pronunciation section is a bit unusual —umbreon126 09:36, 4 March 2015 (UTC)

I've tried to make it more conventional. Dbfirs 20:09, 4 March 2015 (UTC)


It looks like it needs cleanup overall —umbreon126 04:46, 9 March 2015 (UTC)

The Chinese section is done. The Japanese is kyūjitai. Ideally we should have a soft redirect to lemma at . Korean and Vietnamese are only used as components, not separate words. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 22:46, 12 March 2015 (UTC)


The adjective is defined as a noun. It’s either a noun or the wording can be improved. — Ungoliant (falai) 21:28, 12 March 2015 (UTC)

I've changed it to "of studies ..." but is it just attributive use of the noun? Dbfirs 09:27, 13 March 2015 (UTC)
"postgraduate studies" is not "studies of postgraduates", it's "studies that are after graduation". Although it's an incomparable adjective (which makes our standard trick of searching for "more postgraduate", "very postgraduate" difficult), I'd say it's still an adjective. Smurrayinchester (talk) 10:09, 13 March 2015 (UTC)
Thanks. I’ve marked the translation to be checked, just to be safe. — Ungoliant (falai) 12:54, 13 March 2015 (UTC)
  • Are there studies that are themselves inherently postgraduate or do any studies undertaken by a postgraduate thereby become postgraduate? DCDuring TALK 13:36, 17 March 2015 (UTC)
In countries that follow the Bologna Process, a postgraduate module is (from a grading perspective) distinct from an undergraduate module. For example, when I was at university I took a couple of "postgraduate modules" during my undergraduate time, and a couple of "undergraduate modules" during my postgrad time. The distinction is simply whether or not a bachelors graduate would be expected to learn the topic in question. (For instance, "General Relativity" was a postgraduate module even though I took it as part of my Bachelors, because on the standard course you'd only take it as part of a Masters) Smurrayinchester (talk) 15:19, 17 March 2015 (UTC)


Cleanup of at least Translingual, Chinese to the new Han character format, and Japanese —umbreon126 02:36, 15 March 2015 (UTC)

@Umbreon126 Not sure if radicals should be definitions. They probably belong to "Translingual". In modern Chinese, it's only a simplified form of or . Otherwise, the cleanup is complete. @Wyang Any thoughts on this? --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 23:12, 22 March 2015 (UTC)
Perhaps "Kangxi radicals" could be treated as symbols? —umbreon126 18:54, 23 March 2015 (UTC)


Indonesian common noun defined as “a surname”. Should it be moved to Marga or are the capitalisation rules of Indonesian different? — Ungoliant (falai) 00:55, 16 March 2015 (UTC)

The contributions of IP user[edit]

This individual has been adding truckloads of references to Latin entries, including massive, unbroken blocks of untranslated Latin- they obviously have no clue about what Wiktionary referencing is all about. I've attempted a clue transplant via their talk page, but there's no guarantee they'll read it, and their existing edits need to be cleaned up.

I should mention also that they tried to remove an etymology section with an edit comment referring to "Der germanische Ursprung der lateinischen Sprache", which is a historical oddity published in 1836 that tried to prove that Latin was derived from Germanic. From this I'm guessing that their contributions will also have to be scrutinized for state-of-the-nineteenth-century-art clinkers.

I suspect this may be the same person that has been doing similar things to part-of-speech entries in German and English using other IPs and at least one account, but let's deal with this one, for the moment. Chuck Entz (talk) 05:04, 16 March 2015 (UTC)

social Darwinism[edit]

I'd suspect some translations are dodgy - especially the Hebrew one which uses Latin script. Others, I expect, shouldn't be uppercase. --Type56op9 (talk) 10:53, 17 March 2015 (UTC)


The etymology has three different versions in the same etymology, and the whole entry is a little on the verbose side. Chuck Entz (talk) 13:50, 1 April 2015 (UTC)

The messy etymology is the result of diff, which I've now undone. - -sche (discuss) 16:59, 1 April 2015 (UTC)
The usage notes mention that specific genocides are often referred to with an uppercase G. Is this notable about this entry in particular or is it just a general feature of English? Compare "law" vs "the 1992 Disenfranchisement Law", "massacre" vs "the Boston Massacre", "ice-cream stand" vs "Bill's Ice-Cream Stand (founded in 2008)" etc. - -sche (discuss) 17:04, 1 April 2015 (UTC)
You're correct but the usage notes are 'wrong' per se, just it's not a feature of the word 'genocide' in particular. Renard Migrant (talk) 23:18, 2 April 2015 (UTC)
That's what I'm saying. :) - -sche (discuss) 21:07, 9 April 2015 (UTC)
Resolved: the edit that messed up the etymology has been undone, and I've trimmed the usage notes. - -sche (discuss) 03:25, 3 July 2015 (UTC)


Definition doesn't seem to be in line with what an internet search says, and quite frankly looks like a protologism. ObsequiousNewt (εἴρηκα|πεποίηκα) 00:14, 13 April 2015 (UTC)

Hardly new! The OED has cites dating back to 1475. We could possibly expand the entry and add some older quotations. Dbfirs 21:09, 15 April 2015 (UTC)
Does it have cites for this definition? Renard Migrant (talk) 16:43, 16 April 2015 (UTC)
Which sense are we questioning? Should we combine 1 and 3? Dbfirs 21:01, 17 April 2015 (UTC)
I added senses 2 and 3. I didn't merge as suggested because sense 1 is tagged and because of the complication I put in the usage note. Basically sense 3 is the countable version of sense 1 but reverts to something very like trope. A couple more citations for sense 1 may help.— Pingkudimmi 02:08, 18 April 2015 (UTC)
It only had one definition at the time of nomination: [1]. Renard Migrant (talk) 16:25, 24 April 2015 (UTC)


I'm a bit dubious about some of these translations. --Recónditos (talk) 09:02, 18 April 2015 (UTC)

It looks as though Atitarev entered most or all of the translations, and he is known to be very careful to get the correct translations. The ones that I can read looked quite reasonable to me, although I do not know what it is called officially in any of the languages. —Stephen (Talk) 09:45, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
Officially, it's called "JLPT" in all languages, since that's the original and the official abbreviation. The translations are mostly transliterations (like "Microsoft" is normally referred to as "Майкрософт" in Russian but a Microsoft office in Russia may have only "Microsoft" sign) and what the exam is referred to be speakers. @Recónditos Which particular translation doesn't look right? Or all of them? Have you also checked the Wikipedia article on JLPT and interwikis? --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 15:12, 23 April 2015 (UTC)


This anon added a bunch of translations directly from Google Translate. --WikiTiki89 15:18, 21 April 2015 (UTC)

@Wikitiki89 Most translations seem correct and Kyrgyz and Turkmen are not on Google Translate. Please check others, if you can. --Anatoli T. (обсудить/вклад) 01:46, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
The Armenian (checked by Vahag) and the Yiddish and Hebrew (checked by me) were all wrong and correspond to what Google Translate gives (at least as a drop-down option). I don't see that he added any Kyrgyz, but you are right about Turkmen not being on Google Translate, but have always had an entry for the one Turkmen word he added gyzyl, so maybe he just searched for it. Also, I don't know our general policy for translations of colors that are nouns in English, some of them he gave as adjectives (пурпурны (purpurny)) and some as noun phrases (пурпурен цвят (purpuren cvjat)), again corresponding exactly to what Google Translate gives (not also that the Belarusian and Bulgarian Wikipedia articles are titled маджэнта (madženta) and маджента (madženta), respectively, which may be a better translation). --WikiTiki89 14:52, 24 April 2015 (UTC)


@Stephen G. Brown, Natsubee The IPA in the pronunciation section contains a capital "I" and also the letter "E" in the Ewe alphabet given on Wikipedia does not correspond to the sound /i/ or /ɪ/. It just seems a bit dubious and it would be nice if someone who knows anything about Ewe could take a look at it. --WikiTiki89 20:01, 22 April 2015 (UTC)

I changed it to lowercase i. I believe the name was adopted as spelled from the English Bible, and an approximation of the English pronunciation is used. w:User:Natsubee is who entered the pronunciation, and w:User:Natsubee lists himself as an ee-4 speaker of Ewe. w:User:Natsubee has not been active on Wiktionary for almost two years, but he posted on Wikipedia as recently as January and February of this year. —Stephen (Talk) 09:37, 23 April 2015 (UTC)


Usage notes: "Psychologists recommend against using the term pedophilia to denote sexual activities with prepubescent children, because not all people with a sexual preference for prepubescent children (i.e., pedophilia) commit such acts, and child molesters often lack a strong sexual interest in prepubescent children. Also the common use of the term pedophilia, to mean any adult who has sex with any minor (i.e., under 18), is not correct. Pedophilia specifically refers to attraction to prepubescents, not to all minors. See Wikipedia for more information."

First of all, @PaulBustion88 removed 'many' from 'Many psychologists' where many is not a weasel word, because removing it implies all psychologists recommend against using the term pedophilia to denote sexual activities with prepubescent children, which I doubt is true, because I'll bet most of them have no published opinion on the matter whatsoever. "Also the common use of the term pedophilia, to mean any adult who has sex with any minor (i.e., under 18), is not correct." should obviously go because it's prescriptive not descriptive. I mean I agree with the comment, but it's still not allowable. Usage notes might be called for, and should be unified with pedophile and all the pae- variant spellings. But I think statements like "many psychologists recommend against using the term pedophilia to denote sexual activities with prepubescent children" need sourcing and cannot just be left as blind assertions. Renard Migrant (talk) 19:22, 23 April 2015 (UTC)

Also, in general, putting ages on what constitutes pedophilia and what doesn't is not the job of a dictionary. It's not lexical, and in practice it's down to societies to define what's acceptable and what isn't. Renard Migrant (talk) 19:24, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
I agree with you, but other editors don't, since we have those "legal" entries -- can't remember an example right now -- but like where we have "skimmed milk" and it's defined as "(US standard of identity) milk that is 30% X and 40% Y". Equinox 23:11, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
You'll be happy to know that you're mistaken in this case. There were only a few users who favoured including "legal" senses i.e. copying all statues from all eras of all countries that have been mentioned 3x times in English and listing said statues as definitions. (See this diff of murder for a very incomplete taste of how many ways that term has been "defined" in laws.) I drafted Wiktionary:Votes/pl-2013-03/Standards of identity and legal definitions of terms, but agreement was subsequently reached on the talk page and concurrent discussions elsewhere to exclude such senses without even voting on it. So, removing the ages from the definition here is the correct course of action. (But entries like partially defatted pork fatty tissue, which are SOP outside of their legal meanings, still have technical definitions.) - -sche (discuss) 23:49, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
Thanks for the reminder. I also get the impression from PaulBustion88's editing patterns that he has a bit of an agenda regarding sex and age. Beware the agenda! Equinox 23:51, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
I agree, I think his idea may be to 'separate out' hebephilia, ephebophilia and pedophilia so they don't overlap. But real world language doesn't work like that. Meanings of words overlap sometimes. Renard Migrant (talk) 21:46, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
I added a few sources for the usage note and rephrased it to be non-prescriptive. I left the clean up template since I'm not familiar with Wiktionary's norms. KateWishing (talk) 19:52, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
What does "prescriptive" mean?User talk:PaulBustion88 20:01, 24 April 2015
"preferential attraction to older children is known as hebephilia or ephebophilia." I think hebephilia and ephebophilia are off topic in an entry about pedophilia, because they're both something else than that. Maybe there could just be links to those entries at the bottom of the pedophilia entry, but I do not think they should be described in the entry on pedophilia because they have nothing to do with it. PaulBustion88 (talk) 20:28, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
The 2nd citation 'Lanning, Kenneth V. (2010). Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis (fifth ed.). National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. pp. 29–30', the supporting citation does not seem to be in those pages. I can't see it, is it in there somewhere? Renard Migrant (talk) 22:01, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
It's pages 45-46 of the PDF, which are marked 29-30 in the actual text. KateWishing (talk) 22:18, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
PaulBustion88 has raised on my talk page (and not here, much to my chagrin) the possibility of having two definitions. A general-use definition, an instance of an adult engaging in sexual activity with a minor, no matter what the ages are apart from those two restrictions, and a medical definition where we specify pre-pubescent. I would be in favor of it; I think these definitions are distinct in terms of usage and meaning. Renard Migrant (talk) 22:51, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
I'm not going to insist on my viewpoint, but ideally I would only want the medical viewpoint, I realize that there's no chance anyone will agree with me, so I'm compromising by accepting the popular definition and medical definition being covered separately. --PaulBustion88 (talk) 22:57, 24 April 2015 (UTC)
The reason is, we can't favor your opinion over actual usage! That's not what a dictionary does! Renard Migrant (talk) 13:39, 25 April 2015 (UTC)
Ok, I understand.--PaulBustion88 (talk) 13:50, 25 April 2015 (UTC)


I think the etymology section is all over the place; the sources need careful reevaluation and the formatting of the < ref > tags need to be cleaned up and carefully reordered. -Simboyd (talk) 23:33, 25 April 2015 (UTC)

I think it is fine now.--Dixtosa (talk) 23:45, 25 April 2015 (UTC)
It is not fine. The etymology has been perverted. Statements like "shared predominantly by Armenian scholars" and "not universally accepted among modern western scholars" are tendentious and false. I will rewrite this when I return home. --Vahag (talk) 15:08, 26 April 2015 (UTC)
Every word written there is true, and that is what's important for the reader. Armenians have long since established their biased views towards cultures of other people. Attributing other people's culture to themselves (such as winemaking, for that matter) is merely a vain attempt to cover up for the fact that their "culture" is virtually non-existent. Now, semantics aside, that theory is shared mostly by Armenians. If you look here and here, and perhaps be less prejudiced about the whole thing, you will see that the general consensus on the subject lies elsewhere. Simboyd (talk) 18:11, 28 April 2015 (UTC)
Starostin and Beekes are not Armenian. Furthermore, being an Armenian doesn't exclude you from being a "Western" scholar. In three days I am meeting Martirosyan in Vienna where he is working on the Armenian volume of the Iranisches Personennamenbuch series at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Doesn't get more Western than that. As for your cultural excursus, I will not dignify that with an answer. --Vahag (talk) 19:35, 28 April 2015 (UTC)

court chapel[edit]

Poorly formatted and the main sentence is copied from Wikipedia —umbreon126 08:01, 29 April 2015 (UTC)

  • (by the way, a good way to find crap entries is the look at "what links here" for the template {{substub}}.) SemperBlotto (talk) 08:14, 29 April 2015 (UTC)


An English section was added by our incompetent supernatural-obsessed IP from England. In typical fashion, everything that isn't copied verbatim from Wikipedia has problems. Still, the name is used in English, and we should have an English article for the mythological character (and probably the given name, too) under some variant of the name, with alt-form entries under others. Can someone sort this all out? Thanks! Chuck Entz (talk) 22:54, 1 May 2015 (UTC)


Needs expansion and stuff, since there is also the Buyei language (also, Wikipedia prefers the spelling "Bouyei"?)) —umbreon126 22:52, 2 May 2015 (UTC)


There's an error in the Mandarin translation. Since Chinese editors insist on doing everything their own way, I have no way how it should be fixed. —CodeCat 17:40, 4 May 2015 (UTC)

I just commented out the offending part and tagged it for attention. By the way, don't blame the Chinese editors for this one: it was originally a single parameter with a comma separating the two parts- until your favorite French IP (the one that keeps adding 21st-century Gothic) decided to split it using the "tradi=" parameter, apparently extracted from a certain orifice in the netherward portion of their anatomy ... Chuck Entz (talk) 06:25, 7 May 2015 (UTC)


Latin: "of or pertaining to a saeculum (generation, century)". Definitions must be in English, saeculum is not an English word. I assume it's just laziness to avoid copying out the definitions of saeculum, but still, laziness is bad. Renard Migrant (talk) 21:19, 5 May 2015 (UTC)


Could someone please transfer, or add, or move Chorology to Wikitionary? Thanks. Ineuw (talk) 03:26, 6 May 2015 (UTC)

Edits by User:Ajellid[edit]

This user has been creating entries for romanizations even though we generally disallow those. The layout of the entries is also not up to par. —CodeCat 13:10, 16 May 2015 (UTC)

w:Tarifit redirects to w:Riffian language, which gives the code rif and lists Latin as a script. If this is true, then these are valid. Or they might be (I haven't Googled them or anything). Renard Migrant (talk) 14:43, 17 May 2015 (UTC)
See w:Berber orthography for the nature of the controversy. DCDuring TALK 17:07, 18 May 2015 (UTC)
I make use of the w:Berber latin alphabet, which is more in widespread use then w:Tifinagh (Berber alphabet). Ajellid (talk) 09:57, 22 May 2015 (UTC)


Along with anhypostasis, can we make these entries make sense? Anhypostasis, for example, is a little far off from the OED's defintion: “Lack of a substantial or personal existence.” —JohnC5 02:28, 18 May 2015 (UTC)


1 A particular benefit, advantage, or favor []

2 Challenged sense: The status or existence of such benefit or advantage.

In order to advance racial equality in the United States, what we've got to do is reduce white privilege.

This is a particularly significant word in the US these days. I don't understand this definition, possibly because I have basked in white privilege for so long myself, but also possibly because it is badly worded. Is this redundant, being an insignificantly distinct aspect of definition one? It does not seem substitutable in the usage example, which is a first, but not conclusive, test of poor wording. Urban Dictionary has a colorfully worded definition, not favored by their users: "The sweet end of the inequality stick." DCDuring TALK 16:58, 18 May 2015 (UTC)

I'd say one significant difference between sense 1 and the "white privilege" sense is that the former is countable and the latter is uncountable. It's a privilege to attend Harvard, but maybe you only got in because of privilege. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:22, 18 May 2015 (UTC)
Good point. But I'll have to let this stew for a while before I tackle it. If someone else wants to take a run at it, please do. DCDuring TALK 18:58, 18 May 2015 (UTC)
The semantic difference is that "privilege" (mass noun) is supposed to be an institutional thing that you are born with, due to your skin colour, or gender, or what not; whereas "a privilege" might just be a temporary thing like being allowed to sing at karaoke night. Equinox 22:00, 18 May 2015 (UTC)
The semantic difference (institutional/long-term vs. more particular/short-term) doesn't seem to correspond to the difference between countability and uncountability. The privilege of Englishmen and the privileges of Englishmen.
Perhaps a simple rewording as "The state or condition of being privileged or having privileges" is sufficient. DCDuring TALK 00:15, 19 May 2015 (UTC)
  • I rewrote it slightly and expanded the entry in general, agreeing with most of the comments above. Ƿidsiþ 12:58, 20 May 2015 (UTC)


Please 'clean up' this incorrect template. Present indicative is "du -[e]st, er -[e]t" and not just "du -st, er -t" (e.g. "lieb[e]st", "lieb[e]t" and not just "du liebst, er liebt").
Exemples of usage:

  • [www.zeno.org/Literatur/M/Matthisson,+Friedrich+von/Gedichte/Gedichte+aus+den+Studienjahren/Sehnsucht?hl=liebest]: "Die du liebest ist fern!" (the one you love is far away)
  • [www.zeno.org/M%C3%A4rchen/M/Wallonien/Nikolaus+Warker%3A+Sagen,+Geschichten,+Legenden+und+M%C3%A4rchen+aus+der+Provinz+Luxemburg/Heidebl%C3%BCmchen/T%C3%A4ndelei?hl=liebest]: Du liebest mich, ich liebe Dich, / So treu und ganz herzinniglich. (you do love me, and I love you, / ...)

Maybe kind of famous grammar books in which German conjugation is explained:

  • books from Johann Christoph Gottsched
  • Johann Balthasar von Antesperg's Kayserliche Deutsche Grammatick

- 17:32, 28 May 2015 (UTC)


I'm pretty sure that the conjugation is wrong but I don't know how to fix it (and then the bot-produced inflected forms that are wrong must be deleted). @SemperBlottoΜετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 10:04, 4 June 2015 (UTC)

  • It looks the same as on the French Wiktionary to my (poor) eyes. What needs changing? SemperBlotto (talk) 10:09, 4 June 2015 (UTC)
    I was being stupid — you are indeed correct. —Μετάknowledgediscuss/deeds 04:31, 6 June 2015 (UTC)


The language heading is Hijazi Arabic, the pronunciation code is for Arabic, and the HWL code is for Egyptian Arabic. Which is it? — Ungoliant (falai) 00:20, 6 June 2015 (UTC)


This entry has a "Request for cleanup" on grounds of "re-split by etym" dating from September 2011, which seems a long time for such a basic word. There does not seem to have ever been a discussion about this (I finally located the original entry here). Ideally this should be attended to. I would be tempted to put everything under one etymology. Is that a good idea? 00:17, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

There has been discussion of a similar case in which some definitions seem to from an Old English verb and some from a cognate Old English noun or adjective. There are a significant number of basic English words with this characteristic. Some favor combining, some favor a split. Some entries seem to be easy to split, others not so much. I would recommend registering and earning whitelist status by working on less controversial entries. DCDuring TALK 02:08, 9 June 2015 (UTC)
It's not important that I do it. I think the main point is that a 3 1/2 year-old cleanup tag on a very common word probably should either be addressed or removed. 02:41, 9 June 2015 (UTC)
I think that the main point is that there is a larger disagreement that prevents this from being resolved without risk of edit war. DCDuring TALK 14:17, 12 June 2015 (UTC)
What/Where is the larger disagreement? It would be useful to point the link at right to that discussion. 00:19, 13 June 2015 (UTC)
The discussion at Wiktionary:Tea_room#prick is of the same issue for a different word, illustrating the disagreement. DCDuring TALK 14:07, 14 June 2015 (UTC)


(as a plural) The singular form has never been entered, or deleted perhaps, but it does exist in reality according to Oxford (alternative form - drys). Donnanz (talk) 12:27, 11 June 2015 (UTC)

I (will have) added one definition for the dry#Noun. DCDuring TALK 12:46, 11 June 2015 (UTC)
OK, thanks. There are more definitions I will look at later. I think the sense you added (prohibitionist) is American. Donnanz (talk) 14:07, 11 June 2015 (UTC)
Right, I've added two more senses, both from Australia, so I reckon I can get rid of the RFC label. Donnanz (talk) 16:21, 12 June 2015 (UTC)


Tagged by an anon. The declension table says "tr=-tr=-tr=-" at the bottom, and it isn't clear why or how to get it to go away. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 13:12, 12 June 2015 (UTC)

Fixed. It's CodeCat's fault for not being careful in this edit. The same may or may not need to be done with other similar templates. --WikiTiki89 14:10, 12 June 2015 (UTC)

all over the place[edit]

I don't see the point of having similar definitions and examples under three categories: Adjective, Adverb and Prepositional Phrase. --Hekaheka (talk) 04:45, 14 June 2015 (UTC)

Blame me. I had RfDed the adjective and adverb PoS sections 1 Sept, 2010 at the conclusion of the RfD discussion for the "Preposition" (not "Prepositional phrase") section. I did not institute the new RfDs on the RfD page because I thought the not-yet-removed previous RfD needed to stay a bit longer and I believed the headers interfered (which they do) meaningfully (which they don't) with each other. Liliana-60 removed the RfD tags a year later.
Though the desirability of removing the Adjective and Adverb sections is obvious to me, I think they need to be RfDed. DCDuring TALK 14:02, 14 June 2015 (UTC)
Do you think you have included in the Prepositional Phrase -section everything that is worth including, i.e. could the Adverb and Adjective sections just be deleted (after copying the translations, of course)? --Hekaheka (talk) 22:58, 14 June 2015 (UTC)
I just copied all translations from Adverb and Adjective sections to the Prepositional Phrase -section. --Hekaheka (talk) 23:08, 14 June 2015 (UTC)
I hate to do things out of process. DCDuring TALK 00:38, 15 June 2015 (UTC)

alpha privativum[edit]

Is the plural alpha privata correct? The Google Books hits for alpha privativa look like they are an alternative singular rather than the plural, while alpha privata doesn’t look like it passes the CFI and alpha privativums definitely doesn’t. — Ungoliant (falai) 21:20, 15 June 2015 (UTC)

I don't think it's countable. There's only one alpha privativum. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 22:00, 15 June 2015 (UTC)
Both alpha privativum and alpha privatum (about 15% of usage), both singulars, seem attestable, apparently used to mean the same thing. Alpha privativum is used with an sometimes so some users seem to refer to each word beginning with such an alpha as an instance of such alpha, which suggests that plurals of both could be found, though I haven't found three instances. But it seems that some users assume alpha to be feminine rather than neuter (and indeclinable), so some instances of alpha privativa and alpha privata seem to be mistaken singulars rather than plurals. DCDuring TALK 04:00, 3 July 2015 (UTC)
alpha privative is attestable in the plural, apparently referring either to multiple words that begin with such suffix or to multiple occurrences of a word in texts. DCDuring TALK 04:05, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

1811 Dictionary words[edit]

Many words from the 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, which are generally findable/recognizable as such because they cite that dictionary and/or use the context label "1811", are labelled and categorized as "obsolete". (Indeed, the "1811" label inalienably includes an "obsolete" label.) In many cases, however, there are as many or more citations from the modern period (using the term to create a historical atmosphere) as from the historical period, such that the correct label seems to be "archaic". FYI. - -sche (discuss) 22:01, 15 June 2015 (UTC)

grand duchy[edit]

Grand Duchy[edit]

These two entries seem to be alternative forms but they have separate definitions and translation boxes. Einstein2 (talk) 15:36, 19 June 2015 (UTC)

One could argue that Grand Duchy should be presented as a proper noun used, in context, as a short name for the official name of a specific Grand Duchy. DCDuring TALK 16:14, 19 June 2015 (UTC)
Yes check.svg Done. I've simply deleted Grand Duchy; it's no different from Kingdom, Republic, etc. - -sche (discuss) 03:18, 3 July 2015 (UTC)


Weird formatting. --Type56op9 (talk) 17:06, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


Appeared on the cleanup page User:Yair rand/uncategorized language sections/Not English. --Type56op9 (talk) 17:07, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


Japanese. Does it mean anything? --Type56op9 (talk) 17:08, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

運転 (うんてん, ​unten). Formatting fixed. —suzukaze (tc) 02:27, 27 June 2015 (UTC)


Manx? Or another language? --Type56op9 (talk) 17:09, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Yes, Manx. I've cleaned it up. —Aɴɢʀ (talk) 18:53, 3 July 2015 (UTC)

User:Yair rand/uncategorized language sections/English[edit]

A few pages incorrectly categorised - User:Yair rand/uncategorized language sections/English --Type56op9 (talk) 17:21, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

It looks like there has been cleanup of many of the entries, correcting the underlying problems, which included {{term}} with no explicit lang= in Etymology and no definition or missing-definition template. It was based on a January XML dump. I don't know how the list-extraction script worked or what was intended, but the list doesn't seem to correspond well to the page title. DCDuring TALK 17:50, 22 June 2015 (UTC)
It's OK, I fixed them all. --Type56op9 (talk) 06:56, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

Goldwater Republican[edit]

Proper noun seems like the wrong part of speech, the quotations need some attention, and the entry seems a bit wordy/encyclopedic. BrentDT (talk) 01:37, 3 July 2015 (UTC)