-TŁʼIIZH

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Navajo[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Athabaskan *tł’i̓dž (to be blue, green).

Root[edit]

-TŁʼIIZH

  1. blue, green
Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
łi / l adjectival

S is blue, green (neuter perf.)

di + d extensional

S is blue, green (neuter perf.)

di + Ø transitional

S becomes blue

bílátaʼdiitłʼíísh

S makes O blue

ádidiiltłʼíísh (+d refl.)
di + Ø transitional

S gets soaked

S makes O soaked

ádiniiltłʼíísh (+d refl.)

Stem set[edit]

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
TRANS -tłʼíísh -tłʼiizh -tłʼish -tłʼish -tłʼíísh
NEUT - -tłʼizh - - -

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

Synonyms[edit]

action of water:

Antonyms[edit]

colors:

Derived terms[edit]

Navajo terms belonging to the root -TŁʼIIZH (blue)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Athabaskan *tł’əɣəš (eel, snake). See also the related noun tłʼiish (snake).

Root[edit]

-TŁʼIIZH

  1. wriggle
Theme Category Bases Pseudo-transitive (a + ł)
ni + l motion

S wriggles

S wriggles (it)

ni + l adjectival

S is curvy, serpentine

Stem set[edit]

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
MOM -tłʼiish -tłʼizh -tłʼish -tłʼish -tłʼiish
CONT -tłʼiish -tłʼizh -tłʼish -tłʼish -tłʼiish
NEUT - -tłʼiizh - - -

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

Synonyms[edit]

to wiggle, to squirm:

to stagger:

to be curved, bent:

 

Derived terms[edit]

Navajo terms belonging to the root -TŁʼIIZH (wriggle)