dootłʼizh

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Navajo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

di- (color) + -oo- (yi-perfective 3rd person subject prefix) + -d- (classifier)-tłʼizh (neuter perfective stem of root -TŁʼIIZH, “to be blue, green”).

Verb[edit]

dootłʼizh

  1. he/she/it is turquoise, green, blue
    Łóóʼ dootłʼizhThe (one or two) fish is/are blue.
    Łóóʼ dadootłʼizhThe (three or more) fish are blue.
Usage notes[edit]

This word is used to refer to all shades of blue or green (especially the blue), including turquoise, which is approximately halfway in between. The related term dootłʼizhii is limited to the narrow turquoise spectrum.

This is a neuter verb that only uses the perfective stem.

Conjugation[edit]

Paradigm: Neuter perfective (yi), with some irregularities.

PERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person dinishtłʼizh diniitłʼizh dadiniitłʼizh
2nd person dinítłʼizh dinohtłʼizh dadinohtłʼizh
3rd person dootłʼizh dadootłʼizh
4th person jidootłʼizh dazhdootłʼizh
Unspecified Passive A Passive B
Spatial hodootłʼizh

Note: the forms in the 1st and 2nd persons are suppletive forms from the dini- (neuter imperfective) paradigm, but without the l-classifier and keeping the perfective stem -tłʼizh. See dinilgai, diniltso.

Derived terms[edit]
Dootłʼizh, green 10¢ note.

Etymology 2[edit]

The use of dootłʼizh (green) to refer to the dime coin comes from the green color of the fractional currency note for this denomination during the Civil War.

Noun[edit]

dootłʼizh

  1. dime (coin)


See also[edit]

Colors in Navajo · nidaashchʼąąʼígíí (layout · text)
     łigai      łibá
(dark gray: dinilzhin)
     łizhin      dibéłchíʼí, yishtłizh
(dark brown: dinilzhin)
             dinilchííʼ              łichííʼ, ?              łichxíʼí
(light orange: diniltsxo)
             łitso
(light yellow: diniltso), dinilgai
             ?              dinooltłʼizh,
chʼilgo dootłʼizh
             {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              dootłʼizhii, ?
             yágo dootłʼizh              dootłʼizh              ?, diłhiłgo dootłʼizh              ?, tsédídéehgo dootłʼizh