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Etymology 1[edit]

di- ‎(color) + -oo- (yi-perfective 3rd person subject prefix) + -d- ‎(classifier) + -tłʼizh (neuter perfective stem of root -TŁʼIIZH, “to be blue, green”).



  1. he/she/it is turquoise, green, blue
    Łóóʼ dootłʼizhThe (one or two) fish is/are blue.
    Łóóʼ dadootłʼizhThe (three or more) fish are blue.
Usage notes[edit]

This word is used to refer to all shades of blue or green (especially the blue), including turquoise, which is approximately halfway in between. The related term dootłʼizhii is limited to the narrow turquoise spectrum.

This is a neuter verb that only uses the perfective stem.


Paradigm: Neuter perfective (yi), with some irregularities.

PERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person dinishtłʼizh diniitłʼizh dadiniitłʼizh
2nd person dinítłʼizh dinohtłʼizh dadinohtłʼizh
3rd person dootłʼizh dadootłʼizh
4th person jidootłʼizh dazhdootłʼizh

Note: the forms in the 1st and 2nd persons are suppletive forms from the dini- (neuter imperfective) paradigm, but without the l-classifier and keeping the perfective stem -tłʼizh. See dinilgai, diniltso.

Derived terms[edit]
Dootłʼizh, green 10¢ note.

Etymology 2[edit]

The use of dootłʼizh (green) to refer to the dime coin comes from the green color of the fractional currency note for this denomination during the Civil War.



  1. dime (coin)

See also[edit]

Colors in Navajo · nidaashchʼąąʼígíí (layout · text)
     łichííʼ      dinooltłʼizh,
chʼilgo dootłʼizh
(light yellow: diniltso)
     dinilgai      łigai
     ?      ?      ?      ?      dinilchííʼ
     diłhiłgo dootłʼizh      dootłʼizh      łichxíʼí
(light orange: diniltsxo)
(dark gray: dinilzhin)
     łizhin      tsédídéehgo dootłʼizh      dibéłchíʼí, yishtłizh
(dark brown: dinilzhin)
     yágo dootłʼizh      dootłʼizhii