łichííʼ

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Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

łi- (adjectival) + -Ø- (ni-modal 3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø- (classifier)-chííʼ (neuter imperfective stem of root -CHIIʼ, “to be red”).

Compare Dogrib dekʼo, Ahtna ltʼeli.

The łi- prefix appears to have originated historically from the -ł- classifier. When this prefix appears immediately in pre-stem position, it takes the shape of a -l- classifier.

Verb[edit]

łichííʼ

  1. he/she/it is red
    Tsídii łichííʼThe (one or two) bird is red.
    Tsídii daalchííʼThe (three or more) birds are red.

Usage notes[edit]

This is a neuter verb that only uses the imperfective stem.

Conjugation[edit]

Paradigm: Neuter imperfective (ni).

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person łinishchííʼ łiniichííʼ dałiniichííʼ
2nd person łiníchííʼ łinohchííʼ dałinohchííʼ
3rd person łichííʼ daalchííʼ, dałichííʼ
4th person jilchííʼ dajilchííʼ

Noun[edit]

łichííʼ

  1. the colour red
  2. a penny

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Navajo · nidaashchʼąąʼígíí (layout · text)
     łigai      łibá
(dark gray: dinilzhin)
     łizhin      dibéłchíʼí, yishtłizh
(dark brown: dinilzhin)
             dinilchííʼ              łichííʼ              łichxíʼí
(light orange: diniltsxo)
             łitso
(light yellow: diniltso) ; dinilgai
                          dinooltłʼizh,
chʼilgo dootłʼizh
                          dootłʼizhii
             yágo dootłʼizh              dootłʼizh              diłhiłgo dootłʼizh              tsédídéehgo dootłʼizh