red

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See also: -red, red-, Red, RED, and rěd

English[edit]

Various shades of red
A Caucasian woman with red hair.
An Uyghur girl in China who has red hair.
A glass of red wine

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: rĕd, IPA(key): /ɹɛd/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: read (past tense/participle)
  • Rhymes: -ɛd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English red, from Old English rēad, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare West Frisian read, Low German root, rod, Dutch rood, German rot, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål rød, Norwegian Nynorsk raud), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from the root *h₁rewdʰ- (compare Welsh rhudd, Latin ruber, rufus, Tocharian A rtär, Tocharian B ratre, Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Albanian pruth (redhead), Old Church Slavonic рудъ (rudŭ), Czech rudý, Lithuanian raúdas, Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬌𐬛𐬌𐬙𐬀(raoidita), Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá, red, bloody)).

Adjective[edit]

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. Having red as its color.
    The girl wore a red skirt.
  2. (of hair) Having an orange-brown or orange-blond colour; ginger.
    Her hair had red highlights.
  3. (card games, of a card) Of the hearts or diamonds suits. Compare black (of the spades or clubs suits)
    I got two red queens, and he got one of the black queens.
  4. (often capitalized) Supportive of, related to, or dominated by a political party or movement represented by the color red:
    1. Left-wing parties and movements, chiefly socialist or communist, including the U.K. Labour party and the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
      • "Only Nixon could go to China" was the refrain of conventional wisdom during Richard Nixon’s 1972 official visit to Mao Tse-tung’s regime. Nixon’s anti-communist credentials, however dubious, provided useful camouflage as he opened diplomatic relations with Red China and made breathtaking concessions that an undisguised liberal couldn’t get away with. [1]
      the red-black grand coalition in Germany
    2. (US, 21st century) the U.S. Republican party
      a red state
      a red Congress
  5. (chiefly derogatory, offensive) Amerind; relating to Amerindians or First Nations
  6. (astronomy) Of the lower-frequency region of the (typically visible) part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
  7. (particle physics) Having a color charge of red.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See red/translations § Adjective

Noun[edit]

red (countable and uncountable, plural reds)

  1. (countable and uncountable) Any of a range of colours having the longest wavelengths, 670 nm, of the visible spectrum; a primary additive colour for transmitted light: the colour obtained by subtracting green and blue from white light using magenta and yellow filters; the colour of blood, ripe strawberries, etc.
    red colour:  
  2. (countable) A revolutionary socialist or (most commonly) a Communist; (usually capitalized) a Bolshevik, a supporter of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War.
  3. (countable, snooker) One of the 15 red balls used in snooker, distinguished from the colours.
  4. (countable and uncountable) Red wine.
    • 1977, Billy Joel (music), “Scenes from an Italian Restaurant”, in The Stranger:
      A bottle of red, a bottle of white / It all depends upon your appetite / I'll meet you any time you want / in our Italian restaurant.
    • 2005, Jeffrey P. Landry, Temptation Mango:
      He produced a wine key from his jacket pocket and effortlessly removed the cork from the bottle of red.
    • 2008 January–February, “70 Ways to Improve Every Day of the Week”, in Men's Health, volume 23, number 1, ISSN 1054-4836, page 135:
      59 sneak in some red Smuggle a bottle of wine, two glasses, and a corkscrew into a long matinee. Red wine is rich in life-extending antioxidants, and the caper will add zest even to a bad movie.
  5. (countable, informal, Britain, birdwatching) A redshank.
  6. (derogatory, offensive) An Amerind.
  7. (slang) The drug secobarbital; a capsule of this drug.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005), page 202:
      The big market, these days, is in Downers. Reds and smack—Seconal and heroin—and a hellbroth of bad domestic grass sprayed with everything from arsenic to horse tranquillizers.
  8. (informal) A red light (a traffic signal)
    • 1974, Tom Waits (lyrics and music), “(Looking for) The Heart of Saturday Night”, in The Heart of Saturday Night[2]:
      Stopping on the red, you're going on the green / Cause tonight will be like nothing you've ever seen / And you're barreling down the boulevard / You're looking for the heart of Saturday night
  9. (Ireland, Britain, beverages, informal) red lemonade
  10. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
  11. (US, colloquial, uncountable) chili con carne (usually in the phrase "bowl of red")
    • 1982, The Rotarian (volume 140, number 1, page 39)
      Houston visited a home in an early pioneer settlement where he was offered a bowl of red. Houston eagerly took his first large spoonful. His eyes watering, he spat out his bite []
  12. (informal) The redfish or red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, a fish with reddish fins and scales.
    • 2013 November, Catch Cormier, “Sightcasting for redfish”, in Louisiana Sportsman[3]:
      The species Sciaenops ocellatus certainly isn’t lacking for nicknames. [] Clear water also favors sightcasting. Against the dark background of marsh mud, a red will appear like a pumpkin — big, orange and round.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from red (noun)
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the archaic verb rede.

Verb[edit]

red

  1. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of rede

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. Alternative spelling of redd

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. past tense of ride

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. first-person singular present indicative of redden
  2. imperative of redden

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

red

  1. A type of rice.

Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. To disappear.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish rét.

Noun[edit]

red m (genitive singular red, plural reddyn)

  1. thing, object, item
    Cha daink reddyn dy mie.
    Things didn't pan out well.
    Cha nel shen deyr son y leagh t'er reddyn nish.
    That's not dear as things go.
    Kanys ta reddyn goll er?
    How are things?
    Son y chied red, t'eh ro vie dy ve firrinagh.
    For one thing, it is too good to be true.
    Ta reddyn couyral.
    Things are getting better.
    Ta reddyn ennagh ayn nagh vel niart ain orroo.
    There are some things we cannot help.
    Ta shen red aitt.
    That's a curious thing.
    T'eh yn un red.
    It amounts to the same thing.
    T'eh çheet stiagh rish yn red elley.
    It falls in with the other thing.
    She'n red hene eh y traa shoh.
    It's the real thing this time.
    Va shen yn red cooie dy ghra.
    That was the appropriate thing to say.
  2. matter

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old English rēad, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. red, crimson, scarlet (in color)
  2. red pigment
  3. reddened, dyed red
  4. blushing, red-faced
  5. bloody, blood-stained
  6. ruddy, rosy
  7. red-haired
  8. red-clothed, wearing red
  9. (metal) golden
  10. (alchemy) causing transmutation into gold

Descendants[edit]

  • English: red
  • Scots: rede, reid
  • Yola: reed

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

red

  1. red (colour)
  2. red pigment, vermillion, cinnabar
  3. (heraldry) red, gules (tincture)
  4. reddish or ruddy skin
  5. reddish eyes or irises
  6. red fabric
  7. red wine
  8. blood

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Middle English · coloures, hewes (layout · text)
     whit      grey, hor      blak
             red; cremesyn, gernet              citrine, aumbre; broun, tawne              yelow, dorry; canevas
             grasgrene              grene             
             plunket; ewage              asure, livid              blewe, blo, pers
             violet; inde              rose, murrey; purpel, purpur              claret

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. simple past of ri
  2. simple past of ride

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red m

  1. Alternative form of ræd

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red

  1. genitive plural of reda

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rȇd m (Cyrillic spelling ре̑д)

  1. row
  2. (mathematics) series
    konvergentan redConvergent series
    divergentan redDivergent series
  3. queue
  4. order (of magnitude)
  5. order (arrangement, disposition)
  6. line (of customers)
  7. (chess) rank
  8. (religion) order
    franjevački red - order of Saint Francis of Assisi

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • red” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rẹ̑d m inan

  1. order (arrangement, disposition)
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. réda
singular dual plural
nominative réd redôva redôvi
accusative réd redôva redôve
genitive réda redôv redôv
dative rédu redôvoma redôvom
locative rédu redôvih redôvih
instrumental rédom redôvoma redôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. réda
singular dual plural
nominative réd réda rédi
accusative réd réda réde
genitive réda rédov rédov
dative rédu rédoma rédom
locative rédu rédih rédih
instrumental rédom rédoma rédi

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rẹ̑d f

  1. swath (the track cut out by a scythe in mowing)
Inflection[edit]
Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. réd
gen. sing. redí
singular dual plural
nominative réd redí redí
accusative réd redí redí
genitive redí redí redí
dative rédi redéma redém
locative rédi redéh redéh
instrumental redjó redéma redmí

Further reading[edit]

  • red”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish red, from Latin rēte (net). Cognate with English rete.

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red f (plural redes)

  1. (hunting, tools) web, mesh
  2. (fishing) net
    • 1911, Benito Pérez Galdós, De Cartago a Sagunto : 13
      Si se consigue pescar a Dorregaray con cuarenta mil duretes, a Cástor Andéchaga con veinticinco mil, y a otros tales, habremos hecho más que cogiendo en la red a los bicharracos de menor cuantía.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (arachnid) spiderweb
  4. trap, snare
  5. (communication, transport) net, network
    red de carreterashighway network
    red de radiodifusorasradio broadcasters network
    red televisivaTV broadcasting network
  6. (sports) net, goal
  7. (electricity) grid
    fuera de la redoff the grid
  8. (computing) Web, Internet
    • 2013 January 16, “España: al 74% le gustaría acceder por Red a su historial clínico”, in El País[4]:
      La mayoría de la población (84%) accede a la red para temas relacionados con la sanidad.
      Most of the population (84%) accesses the web for health-related topics.
  9. (used in plural) social networks
    Synonym: redes sociales

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. imperative of reda.
  2. past tense of rida.

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Arabic رَدّ(radd).

Noun[edit]

red

  1. refusal
  2. rejection

Verb[edit]

red (with the auxiliary verb etmek)

  1. To refuse.

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English red.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red (nominative plural reds)

  1. the colour red

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Volapük · köls (layout · text)
     viet      ged      bläg
             red              rojan; braun              yelov
                          grün             
                                       blöv
             violät              purpur              redül