- 1 English
- 2 Old English
- 3 Swedish
- 4 West Frisian
From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”). Cognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”). The development from ‘advise, interpret’ to ‘interpret letters, read’ is unique to English. Compare rede.
Audio (UK) (file)
- Noun, and verb's present tense
- (UK) enPR: rēd, IPA(key): /ɹiːd/
- Rhymes: -iːd
- (US) enPR: rēd, IPA(key): /ɹid/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophone: reed
- Verb's past tense and past participle
- (obsolete) To think, believe; to consider (that).
- (transitive or intransitive) To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written.
- have you read this book?; he doesn’t like to read
- 1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
- During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant […]
- (transitive or intransitive) To speak aloud words or other information that is written. Often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object.
- He read us a passage from his new book.
- All right, class, who wants to read next?
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
- In the old days, to my commonplace and unobserving mind, he gave no evidences of genius whatsoever. He never read me any of his manuscripts, […], and therefore my lack of detection of his promise may in some degree be pardoned.
- 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, A Cuckoo in the Nest:
- He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement. […]
- (transitive) To interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc.
- She read my mind and promptly rose to get me a glass of water.
- I can read his feelings in his face.
- To consist of certain text.
- On the door hung a sign that read "No admittance".
- The passage reads differently in the earlier manuscripts.
- (intransitive) Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way.
- Arabic reads right to left.
- That sentence reads strangely.
- (transitive) To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text.
- (informal, usually ironic) Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term.
- (transitive, telecommunications) To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection.
- Do you read me?
- (transitive, UK) To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks.
- I am reading theology at university.
- (computing, transitive) To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.).
- to read a hard disk; to read a port; to read the keyboard
- (obsolete) To advise; to counsel. See rede.
- William Tyndale
- Therefore, I read thee, get to God's word, and thereby try all doctrine.
- William Tyndale
- (obsolete) To tell; to declare; to recite.
- (transitive, transgenderism) To recognise (someone) as being transgender.
- Every time I go outside, I worry that someone will read me.
- Simple past tense and past participle of read.
- When "read" is used transitively with an author's name as the object, it generally means "to look at writing(s) by (the specified person)" (rather than "to recognise (the specified person) as transgender"). Example: "I am going to read Milton before I read His Dark Materials, so I know what His Dark Materials is responding to."
- (look at and interpret letters or other information): interpret, make out, make sense of, understand, scan
- (speak aloud words or other information that is written): read aloud, read out, read out loud, speak
- (be able to hear): copy, hear, receive
- (make a study of): learn, study, look up
- (to be recognised as transgender): pass
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
read (plural reads)
- A reading or an act of reading, especially an actor's part of a play.
- One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read.
- Philip Larkin, Self's the Man
- And when he finishes supper / Planning to have a read at the evening paper / It's Put a screw in this wall — / He has no time at all […]
- 2006, MySQL administrator's guide and language reference (page 393)
- In other words, the system can do 1200 reads per second with no writes, the average write is twice as slow as the average read, and the relationship is linear.
Germanic cognates: Old Frisian rād (West Frisian read), Old Saxon rōd (Low German root, rod), Dutch rood, Old High German rōt (German rot), Old Norse rauðr (Danish rød, Swedish röd, Icelandic rauður), Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (rauþs).
- past participle of rea.