پڑھنا

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Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Punjabi verb set
پَڑھنا(paṛhnā)
پَڑھاؤݨا(paṛhāؤṇā)
پَڑھواؤݨا(paṛhoāؤṇā)

Inherited from Paisaci Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀧𑀠𑀤𑀺 (paḍhadi)), from Sanskrit पठति (páṭhati). Cognate with Urdu پڑھنا(paṛhnā).

Verb[edit]

پڑھنا (paṛhnā) (transitive, Gurmukhi spelling ਪੜ੍ਹਨਾ)

  1. to read
    تُوْں کِہڑی کِتاب پَڑھنا پْیا ویْں؟‎‎
    tūṉ kihṛī kitāb paṛhnā pya veṉ?
    Which book are you reading?
  2. to study, learn

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀧𑀠 (paḍha) +‎ ـنا(-nā, verbal suffix), the first element of which is from Sanskrit पठ् (paṭh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

پَڑھنا (paṛhnā) (Hindi spelling पढ़ना) (transitive)

  1. to read
  2. to recite
  3. to study, learn

Conjugation[edit]


  • Note: The second-person polite form آپ‎ (āp) uses the third-person plural conjugation.

References[edit]

  • پڑھنا”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • پڑھنا”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.