تم

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See also: بم and ثم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ت م م (t-m-m).

Verb[edit]

تَمَّ (tamma) I, non-past يَتِمُّ‎ (yatimmu)

  1. to be fulfilled, to be completed
  2. to come about, to happen
  3. to take place
  4. to persist (in) (with عَلَى (ʿalā))
  5. to continue (something) (with عَلَى (ʿalā))

Usage notes[edit]

  • Particularly in newspaper and media style, تَمَّ (tamma) is often used with a verbal noun as its subject to express the English passive:
تَمَّ ٱعْتِقالُ عَدَدٍ مِنَ ٱلْعَناصِرِ ٱلْإرْهابِيَّةِ فِي ٱلْقاهِرَةِ لَيْلَةَ ٱلْأَمْسِ.‏
tamma ʿtiqālu ʿadadin mina l-ʿanāṣiri l-ʾirhābiyyati fī l-qāhirati laylata l-ʾamsi.
A number of terrorist militants were arrested in Cairo last night.
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَمّ or تِمّ or تُمّ (tamm or timm or tummm

  1. verbal noun of تَمَّ (tamma) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle Persian [script needed] (tom, tam, dark), from Proto-Indo-European *témHos (darkness), from *temH- (dark). Cognate with Sanskrit तमस् (támas) and Latin temere (blindly).

Noun[edit]

تم (tam)

  1. (archaic) darkness, blackness
  2. a disease in the eye, the web or cataract on the pupil
  3. any veil or covering

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from French thème.

Noun[edit]

تم (tem)

  1. theme

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit त्वम् (tvám), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

تم (tum?, Devanagari spelling: तुम (tum)

  1. you, ye (mid level formality and grammatically plural)

Declension[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

  • تم is the mid level formal way of expressing "you" in Urdu and is used when addressing those of equal social status or those one has a close enough relationship with to justify the reduced formality. Because the less formal forms could offend others, آپ is the safest way to express "you" unless there is reason to be less formal.
  • Because تم is grammatically plural (adjectives and verbs etc affected by it take their plural forms) even when there is only one person being referred to, the term تم لوگ (literally: you people) can be used to specify that more than one person is being referred to.

See also[edit]

  • آپ (highest formality, grammatically plural)
  • تو (complete lack of human formality, grammatically singular)