cataract

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin cataracta(waterfall, portcullis), from Ancient Greek καταράκτης(kataráktēs), from καταράσσω(katarássō, I pour down).

Noun[edit]

cataract ‎(plural cataracts)

  1. (obsolete) A waterspout
  2. A large waterfall; steep rapids in a river.
    The cataracts on the Nile helped to compartment Upper Egypt.
  3. A flood of water (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  4. An overwhelming downpour or rush
    His cataract of eloquence
  5. (pathology) a clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision.
    • 1999, J J Gallo, J Busby-Whitehead, W Reichel, P V Rabins, R A Silliman, Reichel's care of the elderly[1], page 563:
      Rarely, a dense, swollen neglected cataract precipitates an angle-closure glaucoma.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ta‧ract

Noun[edit]

cataract f ‎(plural cataracten, diminutive cataractje n)

  1. cataract, waterfall
  2. (pathology) cataract

Synonyms[edit]