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From Middle English flod, from Old English flōd, from Proto-Germanic *flōduz, from Proto-Indo-European *plōtus, derived from *plew- ‎(to flow). Near cognates include Scots flude, fluid, Saterland Frisian Floud, Dutch vloed, German Flut, Danish flod, Icelandic flóð, and Gothic 𐍆𐌻𐍉𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(flōdus).



flood ‎(plural floods)

  1. A (usually disastrous) overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water.
    • John Milton (1608-1674)
      a covenant never to destroy the earth again by flood
    • 1915, Emerson Hough, The Purchase Price, chapterII:
      Carried somehow, somewhither, for some reason, on these surging floods, were these travelers, of errand not wholly obvious to their fellows, yet of such sort as to call into query alike the nature of their errand and their own relations.
    • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
      Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
  2. (figuratively) A large number or quantity of anything appearing more rapidly than can easily be dealt with.
    a flood of complaints
  3. The flowing in of the tide, opposed to the ebb.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616)
      There is a tide in the affairs of men, / Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.
  4. A floodlight.
  5. Menstrual discharge; menses.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Harvey to this entry?)

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flood ‎(third-person singular simple present floods, present participle flooding, simple past and past participle flooded)

  1. To overflow, as by water from excessive rainfall.
  2. To cover or partly fill as if by a flood.
    The floor was flooded with beer.
    They flooded the room with sewage.
  3. (figuratively) To provide (someone or something) with a larger number or quantity of something than cannot easily be dealt with.
    The station's switchboard was flooded with listeners making complaints.
    • 2011 October 1, David Ornstein, “Blackburn 0 - 4 Man City”[1], BBC Sport:
      Blackburn offered nothing going forward in the opening period and that continued after the break, encouraging City to flood forward.
  4. (Internet, computing) To paste numerous lines of text to a chat system in order to disrupt the conversation.




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Oxford-Paravia Concise - Dizionario Inglese-Italiano e Italiano-Inglese. Edited by Maria Cristina Bareggi. Torino: Paravia, 2003 (in collaboration with Oxford University Press). ISBN 8839551107. Online version here



flood m (plural floods)

  1. (Internet slang) A flood of superfluous text messages

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