hail

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See also: hæil

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /heɪl/, [heɪ̯ɫ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪl
  • Homophone: hale

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hayle, haile, hail, from Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz (compare West Frisian heil, Low German Hagel, Dutch hagel, German Hagel, Danish hagl). Either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold) (compare Old Norse héla (frost)).

Root-cognates outside of Germanic include Welsh caill (testicle), Breton kell (testicle), Lithuanian šešėlis (shade, shadow), Ancient Greek κάχληξ (kákhlēx, pebble), Albanian çakëll (pebble), Sanskrit शिशिर (śíśira, cool, cold).

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. Balls or pieces of ice falling as precipitation, often in connection with a thunderstorm.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (impersonal) Of hail, to fall from the sky.
    They say it's going to hail tomorrow.
  2. (intransitive) To send or release hail.
    The cloud would hail down furiously within a few minutes.
  3. To pour down in rapid succession.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English heil (healthy, sound), from Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, entire, healthy). The verb is from Middle English heilen, itself from the adjective. Doublet of whole and hale.

Adjective[edit]

hail (comparative hailer, superlative hailest)

  1. (obsolete) Healthy, whole, safe.

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (transitive) to greet; give salutation to; salute.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book I”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 249–252:
      [] Farewel happy Fields / Where Joy for ever dwells: Hail horrours, hail / Infernal world, and thou profoundeſt Hell / Receive they new Poſſeſſor: []
  2. (transitive) To name; to designate; to call.
    He was hailed as a hero.
  3. (transitive) to call out loudly in order to gain the attention of
    Hail a taxi.
  4. (transitive) To signal in order to initiate communication with.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hail

  1. An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail

  1. adessive singular of hai

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail

  1. h-prothesized form of ail

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hayle (hail)

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail

  1. Alternative form of heil (healthy, sound)

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of heil (health, welfare)

Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English hāl (healthy, safe), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, safe, sound), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail (comparative hailer, superlative hailest)

  1. whole
  2. free or recovered from disease, healthy, wholesome
  3. (of people, parts of the body, etc.) free from injury, safe, sound, unhurt
  4. (of material objects and of time, numbers etc.) whole, entire, complete, sound, unbroken, undamaged
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (plural hails)

  1. the whole, the whole amount or number

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular present hails, present participle hailin, past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. to heal, cure

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular present hails, present participle hailin, past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. (sports) to drive the ball through the goal, etc.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (plural hails)

  1. (sports) goal, the shout when a goal is scored, the goal area

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz, either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. (weather) hail, hailstones
  2. small shot, pellets
Derived terms[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail

  1. h-prothesized form of ail (second)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ail unchanged unchanged hail
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole). Akin to English whole.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail (neuter haillt)

  1. whole, complete, full, entire
    Dem sat å gamsä heilä ättermedagen
    They sat and chewed the fat the entire afternoon.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hail (preterite haile, middle hailes, passive val haile)

  1. (transitive) To heal.
Synonyms[edit]